Mine vs. Mine's vs. My in English Grammar


Mine vs. Mine's vs. My in English Grammar

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Mine vs. Mine’s

Consider these sentences:

Parrots are so friendly . Mine is a bit mean though !

I have a parrot . They are so friendly . Mine's name is Jake !

In the first example, "mine" is the possessive form of 'I' and it replaces the possessive phrase 'my parrot'.

In the second example, "mine's" is the possessive form of the possessive! It replaces the phrase 'my parrot's name'.

Possessive Clitic

In grammatical terms, a clitic is a word that usually only occurs in combination with another word and is not stressed, for example, 'm' in 'I’m'.
In this case, "s" in "mine's" is a possessive clitic that is attached to a possessive pronoun.

The difference between "mine" and "mine's" is that "mine" is a possessive pronoun and "mine's'' serves as a possessive determiner (it must be followed by another noun).
''Mine's'' is the same as ''Mike's'' or ''Mary's'', with this significant difference that ''mine's'' actually makes use of the 's clitic but the possessive forms of other pronouns (e.g. his, her, its) have unique forms.

I have the same jacket . Mine is beige .

I have the same jacket . Mine's buttons are metal .

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