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adverse

adverse

/ˈædˌvɝs/, /ædˈvɝs/, /ədˈvɝs/
adjective
not desirable; unlikely to yield what is expected

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arbitrary

arbitrary

/ˈɑɹbəˌtɹɛɹi/, /ˈɑɹbɪˌtɹɛɹi/
adjective
not based on reason but on chance or personal impulse, which is often unfair
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Examples

Most students mistakenly believe the roommate-assignment system is arbitrary.

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to belie

to belie

/bɪˈɫaɪ/
verb
represent falsely

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candid

candid

/ˈkændəd/, /ˈkændɪd/
adjective
openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness

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to clinch

to clinch

/ˈkɫɪntʃ/
verb
to settle something, particularly an argument, conclusively

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to concur

to concur

/kənˈkɝ/
verb
to have the same opinion or agree

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conversely

conversely

/ˈkɑnvɝsɫi/
adverb
in a contrasting or opposite way from what has just been mentioned

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to deem

to deem

/ˈdim/
verb
to consider in a particular manner

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to dissent

to dissent

/dɪˈsɛnt/
verb
to give or have opinions that differ from those officially or commonly accepted

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equivocal

equivocal

/ɪˈkwɪvəkəɫ/
adjective
not having one obvious meaning and open to interpretation

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esoteric

esoteric

/ˌɛsəˈtɛɹɪk/, /ˌɛsoʊˈtɛɹɪk/
adjective
confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle

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exponent

exponent

/ˈɛkˌspoʊnənt/
noun
someone who expounds and interprets or explains

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to foreshadow

to foreshadow

/fɔɹˈʃædoʊ/
verb
indicate, as with a sign or an omen
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Examples

Is it foreshadowing if anything with James is actually a flashback?

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to gainsay

to gainsay

/ˈɡeɪnˌseɪ/
verb
take exception to

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to hearken

to hearken

/hˈɑːɹkən/
verb
listen; used mostly in the imperative

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inasmuch as

inasmuch as

conjunction
*** used to add a comment on something that you have just said and to say in what way it is true

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laconic

laconic

/ɫɑˈkɑnɪk/
adjective
brief and to the point; effectively cut short

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to maintain

to maintain

/meɪnˈteɪn/
verb
to strongly express an opinion as true and valid, although others may disagree

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nevertheless

nevertheless

/ˌnɛvɝðəˈɫɛs/
adverb
despite what has just been said
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Examples

Nevertheless, other companies have sped past you in the race for fame and the revenue that goes with it.

Nevertheless, he adds, there is no clear evidence of extreme soil degradation across the island.

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to objurgate

to objurgate

/ˈɑːbdʒɚɡˌeɪt/
verb
express strong disapproval of

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to pontificate

to pontificate

/pɑnˈtɪfəˌkeɪt/
verb
to state one's opinion in a dogmatic and highfalutin way

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raillery

raillery

/ɹˈeɪlɚɹi/
noun
light teasing repartee

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to remonstrate

to remonstrate

/ɹˈɛmənstɹˌeɪt/
verb
to protest against something or argue about it

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scathing

scathing

/ˈskeɪðɪŋ/
adjective
marked by harshly abusive criticism

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to table

to table

/ˈteɪbəɫ/
verb
hold back to a later time
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Examples

She quickly puts a golden apple on the table.

Jake sees a camera on the table.

He might demand a better table, a special salad, or a sharper knife.

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tangential

tangential

/tænˈdʒɛnʃəɫ/
adjective
of superficial relevance if any

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unconscionable

unconscionable

/ənˈkɑnʃənəbəɫ/
adjective
greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

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to upbraid

to upbraid

/ˈəpˌbɹeɪd/
verb
express criticism towards

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vituperation

vituperation

/vˌɪɾuːpɚɹˈeɪʃən/
noun
abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will

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lucid

lucid

/ˈɫusəd/
adjective
capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

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great

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