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fauna

fauna

/ˈfɔnə/
noun
the animals of a particular geological period or region

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indigenous

indigenous

/ˌɪnˈdɪdʒənəs/
adjective
(of animals and plants) found and developed only in a particular place and not been brought from elsewhere

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canine

canine

/ˈkeɪˌnaɪn/
noun
relating to dogs

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feline

feline

/ˈfiˌɫaɪn/
noun
any animal in the cat family

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invertebrate

invertebrate

/ˌɪnˈvɝtəˌbɹeɪt/, /ˌɪnˈvɝtəbɹət/
noun
any animal that does not possess or cannot develop a spinal column, such as an arthropod, mollusk, etc.

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amphibian

amphibian

/æmˈfɪbiən/
noun
any cold-blooded animal with the ability to live both on land and in water, such as toads, frogs, etc.

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exoskeleton

exoskeleton

/ˌɛksoʊˈskɛɫətən/
noun
the hard outer covering that supports the body of an animal, such as an arthropod

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arthropod

arthropod

/ˈɑɹθɹəˌpɑd/
noun
an invertebrate animal with a segmented body and a chitinous exoskeleton, such as a spider, crab, etc.

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reptilian

reptilian

/ɹɛpˈtɪɫjən/
noun
any cold-blooded animal of the class Reptilia that breathes air and is a vertebrate, such as snakes, frogs, etc.

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mollusk

mollusk

/ˈmɑɫəsk/
noun
any invertebrate that lives in aquatic or damp habitats and has a soft unsegmented body, often covered with a shell

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vermin

vermin

/ˈvɝmɪn/
noun
small animals or insects that are believed to be destructive and are difficult to handle when they appear in a considerable number

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carnivore

carnivore

/ˈkɑɹnɪˌvɔɹ/
noun
an animal that feeds on the flesh of other animals

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herbivore

herbivore

/ˈɝbɪˌvɔɹ/, /ˈhɝbɪˌvɔɹ/
noun
any animal that only feeds on plants

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omnivore

omnivore

/ˈɑːmnɪvˌoːɹ/
noun
an animal or person that feeds on a wide range of both plants and meat

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to cull

to cull

/ˈkəɫ/
verb
to control the population of a wild animal, particularly by killing weak or sick ones

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to breed

to breed

/ˈbɹid/
verb
(of animals) to have sex and produce young

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tame

tame

/ˈteɪm/
adjective
(of an animal) fit to live with the people and not afraid of them

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predatory

predatory

/ˈpɹɛdəˌtɔɹi/
adjective
(of wild animals) living by preying on other animals, especially live animals

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to spay

to spay

/ˈspeɪ/
verb
to remove the sexual organs of a female animal, called ovaries

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to camouflage

to camouflage

/ˈkæməˌfɫɑʒ/
verb
to make or become undetectable by making or taking the color or shape of the surroundings

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broodmare

broodmare

/bɹˈuːdmɛɹ/
noun
a female horse that is kept for breeding

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buck

buck

/ˈbək/
noun
a male mammal, particularly a deer or an antelope

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burrow

burrow

/ˈbɝoʊ/
noun
a hole that an animal digs in the ground to use as a shelter

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den

den

/ˈdɛn/
noun
the hidden place where a wild predatory animal lives

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to whimper

to whimper

/ˈhwɪmpɝ/, /ˈwɪmpɝ/
verb
to make low crying sounds out of fear, pain or sadness

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fowl

fowl

/ˈfaʊɫ/
noun
a domesticated bird that is particularly kept for its meat and eggs

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hatchling

hatchling

/hˈætʃlɪŋ/
noun
an animal that has recently cracked and come out of its shell

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to incubate

to incubate

/ˈɪnkjəˌbeɪt/
verb
to keep an egg in a favorable condition to help it develop until it hatches

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to hibernate

to hibernate

/ˈhaɪbɝˌneɪt/
verb
(of some animals or plants) to spend the winter sleeping deeply

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to graze

to graze

/ˈɡɹeɪz/
verb
(of sheep, cows, etc.) to feed on the grass in a field

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to peck

to peck

/ˈpɛk/
verb
(of a bird) to move the beak in a sudden movement and bite something
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Examples

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to slither

to slither

/ˈsɫɪðɝ/
verb
to slide on a surface in a smooth way, such as a snake

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to tweet

to tweet

/ˈtwit/
verb
to make a short high sound characteristic of a bird

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to canter

to canter

/ˈkæntɝ/
verb
(of horses) to move quite fast, but not yet as fast as possible

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whisker

whisker

/ˈhwɪskɝ/, /ˈwɪskɝ/
noun
any of the long, stiff hairs that grow on the face of a cat, mouse, etc.

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muzzle

muzzle

/ˈməzəɫ/
noun
the projecting part of the face of some animals such as dogs and horses that includes their jaws and noses

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fang

fang

/ˈfæŋ/
noun
a long sharp tooth, particularly a canine tooth of a dog, wolf, or snake

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tusk

tusk

/ˈtəsk/
noun
each of the curved pointy teeth of some animals such as elephants, boars, etc., especially one that stands out from the closed mouth

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plumage

plumage

/ˈpɫumədʒ/, /ˈpɫumɪdʒ/
noun
the feathers of a bird covering its body

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crest

crest

/ˈkɹɛst/
noun
a prominent feature exhibited by some birds on their heads, consisting of feathers, fur, or skin

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leash

leash

/ˈɫiʃ/
noun
a long piece of rope, leather strap or light chain used for guiding and controlling a dog or other animals

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great

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