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anatomy

anatomy

/əˈnætəmi/
noun
the branch of science that is concerned with the physical structure of humans, animals, or plants

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torso

torso

/ˈtɔɹˌsoʊ/
noun
the upper part of the human body, excluding the arms and the head

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vertebra

vertebra

/ˈvɝtəbɹə/
noun
(anatomy) any of the bony segments and cartilages of the spinal column

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artery

artery

/ˈɑɹtɝi/
noun
any blood vessel, carrying the blood to different organs of body from the heart

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tissue

tissue

/ˈtɪsˌju/, /ˈtɪʃu/
noun
a group of cells in the body of living things, forming their different parts

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spinal cord

spinal cord

/spˈaɪnəl kˈoːɹd/
noun
the inner part of the spine containing a mass of nerves that connects the brain to almost all the body parts

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ribcage

ribcage

/ɹˈɪbkeɪdʒ/
noun
(anatomy) the bony structure in the chest formed by the ribs which protects organs in the thoracic cavity
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Examples

Sometimes, my ribcage is just...

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cranium

cranium

/ˈkɹeɪˌniəm/
noun
(anatomy) the bone structure that surrounds and protects the brain

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cortex

cortex

/ˈkɔɹtɛks/
noun
(anatomy) the outer layer of the anterior part of the brain, called cerebrum, containing gray matter

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brow

brow

/ˈbɹaʊ/
noun
the part in someone's face that is below the hair and above the eyes

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womb

womb

/ˈwum/
noun
the part of the body of a woman or female mammal where the baby develops before birth

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uterus

uterus

/ˈjutɝəs/
noun
(anatomy) the organ in the female body where the fetus is conceived and grown before being born
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I don't know what ears have to do with the uterus, but okay.

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shin

shin

/ˈʃɪn/
noun
the front part of the leg that is between the foot and the knee

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biceps

biceps

/ˈbaɪˌsɛps/
noun
the large muscle at the front of the upper part of the arm, which flexes the forearm

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armpit

armpit

/ˈɑɹmˌpɪt/
noun
the part under the shoulder that is hollow

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eardrum

eardrum

/ˈɪɹdɹəm/
noun
a thin piece of skin in the middle ear that vibrates by sound waves and enables one to hear sounds, also known as tympanic membrane

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pharynx

pharynx

/ˈfɛɹɪŋks/
noun
(anatomy) the passage in the throat that connects the mouth to the gullet

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trachea

trachea

/ˈtɹeɪkiə/
noun
(anatomy) the membranous tube in the body that carries air from the throat to the bronchi

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saliva

saliva

/səˈɫaɪvə/
noun
the liquid produced in the mouth to make chewing and swallowing easier and to prepare food for digestion
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The bite might cause a little swelling because chemicals in the bug's saliva irritate the skin.

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phlegm

phlegm

/ˈfɫɛm/
noun
the thick mucus that is formed in the nasal and throat cavities, usually secreted in excessive amounts as a result of common cold

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enamel

enamel

/ɪˈnæməɫ/
noun
the hard white external layer that covers the crown of a tooth

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respiration

respiration

/ˌɹɛspɝˈeɪʃən/
noun
(anatomy) the act or process of breathing

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retina

retina

/ˈɹɛtənə/
noun
(anatomy) the sensory membrane at the back of the eye that transmits light signals to the brain through optic nerves
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In sunlight, your pupils would open wide and damage the retina.

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cornea

cornea

/ˈkɔɹniə/
noun
(anatomy) the transparent layer that covers the outside of the eyeball

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pupil

pupil

/ˈpjupəɫ/
noun
(anatomy) the small round black area in the center of the eye, through which light enters

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renal

renal

/ˈɹinəɫ/
adjective
(medical) involving or relating to the kidneys

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abdomen

abdomen

/ˈæbdəmən/, /æbˈdoʊmən/
noun
(anatomy) the lower part of the body below the chest that contains the digestive and reproductive organs

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diaphragm

diaphragm

/ˈdaɪəˌfɹæm/
noun
(anatomy) the muscular body partition that separates the chest and abdomen

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pancreas

pancreas

/ˈpænkɹiəs/
noun
a large gland in the body that produces insulin and glucagon and substances that help the body digest food

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spleen

spleen

/ˈspɫin/
noun
(anatomy) an abdominal organ that controls the quality of the blood cells

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pelvis

pelvis

/ˈpɛɫvəs/
noun
(anatomy) the large round bone structure that the limbs and the spine are joined to, which also protects the abdominal organs

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appendix

appendix

/əˈpɛndɪks/
noun
a sack of tissue that is attached to the large intestine and is surgically removed if infected

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bladder

bladder

/ˈbɫædɝ/
noun
a sac-like organ inside the body where urine is stored before being passed

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bowel

bowel

/ˈbaʊəɫ/
noun
(usually plural) the tube in the body through which digested food passes from the stomach to the anus

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bone marrow

bone marrow

/bˈoʊn mˈæɹoʊ/
noun
the soft substance that fills the cavities of bones, which is either yellowish and consists of fat cells or reddish and makes blood cells

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tendon

tendon

/ˈtɛndən/
noun
(anatomy) an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone
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Sensors in the joints, tendons, and bones tell the brain where the body is positioned in space.

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cartilage

cartilage

/ˈkɑɹtəɫədʒ/, /ˈkɑɹtəɫɪdʒ/
noun
an elastic tissue that supports or connects joints in an infant and turns into skeleton during growth

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gland

gland

/ˈɡɫænd/
noun
an organ in the body that produces certain chemical substances to be used in the body or to be discharged into the surroundings
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First, we release heat by sweating through millions of sweat glands rather than through panting.

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antibody

antibody

/ˈæntiˌbɑdi/, /ˈæntɪˌbɑdi/
noun
a blood protein produced to fight diseases or infections, or in response to foreign substances in the body
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Many copies of this antibody are produced.

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bile

bile

/ˈbaɪɫ/
noun
a greenish-brown alkaline fluid that is produced by the liver in order to help the body digest fats

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great

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