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dialect

dialect

/ˈdaɪəˌɫɛkt/
noun
the spoken form of a language specific to a certain region or people which is slightly different from the standard form in words and grammar
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Examples

You can't change a specific language or dialect.

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syntax

syntax

/ˈsɪnˌtæks/
noun
(linguistics) the way in which words and phrases are arranged to form grammatical sentences in a language

Examples

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declension

declension

/dəˈkɫɛnʃən/
noun
(in the grammar of some languages) a group of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives changing in the same way to indicate case, number, and gender

Examples

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inflection

inflection

/ˌɪnˈfɫɛkʃən/
noun
(grammar) a change in the structure of a word, usually adding a suffix, according to its grammatical function

Examples

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to conjugate

to conjugate

/ˈkɑndʒəˌɡeɪt/, /ˌkɑndʒəˈɡeɪt/
verb
(grammar) to show how a verb changes depending on number, person, tense, etc.

Examples

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inversion

inversion

/ˌɪnˈvɝʒən/
noun
a change in normal word order, especially putting a verb before its subject

Examples

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accusative

accusative

/əkˈjuzətɪv/
noun
(in the grammar of some languages) the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates a direct object of a verb or the object of some prepositions

Examples

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vocative

vocative

/vˈoʊkətˌɪv/
noun
(in some languages) the use of a noun, pronoun, or adjective when addressing a person or thing

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genitive

genitive

/dʒˈɛnɪtˌɪv/
adjective
(grammar)(in some languages) relating to or being a grammatical case of a noun or pronoun that is used to indicate possession or close connection

Examples

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subjunctive

subjunctive

/sˈʌbdʒəŋktˌɪv/
noun
‌(of verbs) a form or mood that represents possibility, doubt, or wishes

Examples

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ablative

ablative

/ˈæblətˌɪv/
noun
(grammar) the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates where something comes from or who or what something is done by

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locative

locative

/loʊkˈæɾɪv/
noun
(in some languages) the form that a noun, pronoun, or adjective takes when it expresses the place or an idea

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predicative

predicative

/pɹɪdˈɪkətˌɪv/
adjective
(grammar) describing an adjective or noun following a linking verb and completing the meaning of the copula

Examples

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nominative

nominative

/nˈɑːmɪnətˌɪv/
noun
(in the grammar of some languages) the form of a noun, adjective, or pronoun when it takes the role of a verbnouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb

Examples

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attributive

attributive

/ɐtɹˈɪbjuːtˌɪv/
adjective
(grammar)(of a noun or adjective) joined directly to a noun and modifying it, without a linking verb

Examples

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indicative

indicative

/ˌɪnˈdɪkətɪv/
noun
(grammar) the mood of a verb that states a fact

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interrogative

interrogative

/ɪntˈɛɹəɡətˌɪv/
noun
(grammar) a function word that is used to form a question

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neuter

neuter

/ˈnutɝ/
noun
(grammar) a gender of words that are neither masculine nor feminine

Examples

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affix

affix

/ˈæfɪks/, /əˈfɪks/
noun
(grammar) a letter or group of letters added to the end or beginning of a word to change its meaning

Examples

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alliteration

alliteration

/əˈɫɪtɝˌeɪʃən/
noun
the use of the same letter or sound at the beginning of the words in a verse or sentence, used as a literary device

Examples

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irony

irony

/ˈaɪɹəni/
noun
a form of humor in which the words that someone says mean the opposite, producing an emphatic effect

Examples

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allusion

allusion

/əˈɫuʒən/
noun
a statement that implies or indirectly mentions something or someone else, especially as a literary device

Examples

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satire

satire

/ˈsæˌtaɪɝ/
noun
humor, irony, ridicule, or sarcasm used to expose or criticize the faults and shortcomings of a person, government, etc.

Examples

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euphemism

euphemism

/ˈjufəˌmɪzəm/
noun
a word or expression that is used instead of a harsh or insulting one in order to be more tactful and polite

Examples

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analogy

analogy

/əˈnæɫədʒi/
noun
(linguistics) a process by which a new word or inflection is formed according to existing rules and regulations

Examples

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coherent

coherent

/koʊˈhɪɹənt/
adjective
speaking in a way that is sensible and intelligible

Examples

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etymology

etymology

/ˌɛtəˈmɑɫədʒi/, /ˌɛtɪˈmɑɫədʒi/
noun
the study of the origins and historical developments of words and their meanings

Examples

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inarticulate

inarticulate

/ˌɪnɑɹˈtɪkjəɫət/
adjective
(of people) unable to express oneself clearly or easily

Examples

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tautology

tautology

/tɔːtˈɑːlədʒi/
noun
saying the same thing twice in different wordings, generally considered a fault in style

Examples

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pragmatics

pragmatics

/pɹæɡmˈæɾɪks/
noun
(linguistics) a branch of linguistics that deals with the sentences and the contexts in which they are used

Examples

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phonetics

phonetics

/fəˈnɛtɪks/
noun
the science and study of speech sounds and their production

Examples

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phoneme

phoneme

/ˈfoʊnim/
noun
(phonetics) any of the set of smallest units in a phonetic system of a language that make one word different from another

Examples

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morpheme

morpheme

/mˈɔːɹfiːm/
noun
(linguistics) the smallest meaningful unit of a language that does not necessarily stand alone and cannot be divided

Examples

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lexeme

lexeme

/lˈɛksiːm/
noun
(linguistics) a basic linguistic unit that is meaningful and underlies a set of words which are related through inflection

Examples

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allophone

allophone

/ˈæɫəˌfoʊn/
noun
(phonetics) any of the variants of the same phoneme in a language

Examples

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ellipsis

ellipsis

/ɪlˈɪpsɪs/
noun
(grammar) the act of omitting a word or words from a sentence, when the meaning is complete and the omission is understood from the context

Examples

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homonym

homonym

/ˈhɔmənɪm/
noun
each of two or more words with the same spelling or pronunciation that vary in meaning and origin

Examples

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homophone

homophone

/ˈhoʊmoʊˌfoʊn/
noun
(grammar) one of two or more words with the same pronunciation that differ in meaning, spelling or origin

Examples

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diphthong

diphthong

/ˈdɪfˌθɔŋ/
noun
(phonetics) a gliding speech sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable

Examples

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onomatopoeia

onomatopoeia

/ˌɑːnəmˌæɾəpˈoʊiə/
noun
the naming of a thing or action based on the sound that they refer to
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Examples

Say onomatopoeia and you'll be on your way to "sounding like an English literature professor.

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