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stratum

stratum

/ˈstɹætəm/
noun
a group of people with similar social standing, education, or income

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acculturation

acculturation

/ɐkˌʌltʃɚɹˈeɪʃən/
noun
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture

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apartheid

apartheid

/əˈpɑɹˌtaɪd/, /əˈpɑɹˌtaɪt/
noun
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against people who are not Whites; the former official policy in South Africa

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aristocracy

aristocracy

/ˌɛɹəˈstɑkɹəsi/
noun
people in the highest class of society who have a lot of power and wealth and usually high ranks and titles

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bourgeoisie

bourgeoisie

/ˌbʊɹʒˌwɑˈzi/
noun
the society's middle class

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class-conscious

class-conscious

/klˈæskˈɑːnʃəs/
adjective
(used of society) socially hierarchical

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hierarchical

hierarchical

/ˌhaɪˈɹɑɹkəkəɫ/
adjective
classified according to various criteria into successive levels or layers

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demographic

demographic

/ˌdɛməˈɡɹæfɪk/
noun
data concerning the population and different groups it comprises

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ethnicity

ethnicity

/ɛθˈnɪsɪti/
noun
the state of belonging to a certain ethnic group

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subsistence

subsistence

/səbˈsɪstəns/
noun
a situation in which one has just enough money or food to survive

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overlord

overlord

/ˈoʊvɝˌɫɔɹd/
noun
someone who is in a position of power, especially in the past

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polity

polity

/ˈpɑɫəti/
noun
the form of government of a social organization

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to segregate

to segregate

/ˈsɛɡɹəˌɡeɪt/
verb
separate by race or religion; practice a policy of racial segregation

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caste

caste

/ˈkæst/
noun
a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth

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supremacist

supremacist

/suˈpɹɛməsɪst/
noun
someone who believes that a particular group of people, especially one determined by sex, religion, or race, is better than other groups and should dominate them

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political asylum

political asylum

/pəlˈɪɾɪkəl ɐsˈaɪləm/
noun
the protection that a country grants to someone who has fled their home country because of political reasons

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benefactor

benefactor

/ˈbɛnəˌfæktɝ/
noun
a person who helps people or institutions (especially with financial help)

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class struggle

class struggle

/klˈæs stɹˈʌɡəl/
noun
the conflict of interests between different social classes in a society, as mentioned in Marxist ideology

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deportation

deportation

/ˌdipɔɹˈteɪʃən/
noun
the act of forcing someone out of a country, usually because they do not have the legal right to stay there or because they have broken the law

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discrimination

discrimination

/dɪsˌkɹɪməˈneɪʃən/
noun
the practice of treating a person or different categories of people less fairly than others

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to displace

to displace

/dɪsˈpɫeɪs/
verb
to make someone leave their home by force, particularly because of an unpleasant event

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elite

elite

/eɪˈɫit/, /ɪˈɫit/
noun
a small group of people in a society who enjoy a lot of advantages because of their economic, intellectual, etc. superiority

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homophobia

homophobia

/ˌhoʊməˈfoʊbiə/
noun
hatred, antipathy, or prejudice toward homosexuals

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to impoverish

to impoverish

/ˌɪmˈpɑvɹɪʃ/
verb
to make a person or an area poor

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indigent

indigent

/ˈɪndɪdʒənt/
adjective
extremely poor or in need

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intersectional

intersectional

/ˌɪntɚsˈɛkʃənəl/
adjective
*** relating to different social categories such as race, class and gender and the way that these can combine to result in additional disadvantage or discrimination
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Examples

She talks a lot about intersectional feminism, racism.

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to marginalize

to marginalize

/ˈmɑɹdʒənəˌɫaɪz/
verb
to treat a person, group, or concept as insignificant or of secondary or minor importance
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Examples

Domestic violence is a serious problem everywhere, especially when it comes to marginalized groups.

So for example I'm in a number of marginalized groups.

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to naturalize

to naturalize

/ˈnætʃɝəˌɫaɪz/, /ˈnætʃɹəˌɫaɪz/
verb
to admit a foreigner as an official citizen in a country

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parity

parity

/ˈpɛɹəti/
noun
functional equality

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penury

penury

/ˈpɛnjʊɹi/
noun
a state of extreme poverty or destitution

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positive discrimination

positive discrimination

/pˈɑːzɪtˌɪv dɪskɹˌɪmᵻnˈeɪʃən/
noun
*** the practice or policy of making sure that jobs or advantages are given to people from groups that are often treated unfairly because of their race, sex, etc.

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quota system

quota system

/kwˈoʊɾə sˈɪstəm/
noun
a system that allows a limited number of immigrants to officially enter a country annually

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slumlord

slumlord

/slˈʌmlɔːɹd/
noun
*** ‌a person who owns houses or apartments in a poor area and who charges very high rent for them even though they are in bad condition

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social conscience

social conscience

/sˈoʊʃəl kˈɑːnʃəns/
noun
*** the state of being aware of the problems that affect a lot of people in society, such as being poor or having no home, and wanting to do something to help these people

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bigotry

bigotry

/ˈbɪɡətɹi/
noun
the fact of having or expressing strong, irrational views and disliking other people with different views or a different way of life

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unrest

unrest

/ənˈɹɛst/
noun
a political situation in which there is anger among the people and protests are likely
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Examples

Purchase prices have stabilized recently due to new policies, political unrest, and the global pandemic.

great

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