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zen

zen

/ˈzɛn/
noun
a school of Mahayana Buddhism, originally formed in Japan, emphasizing the value of meditation and intuition rather than reading religious scripts or ritual worship

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agnosticism

agnosticism

/æɡnˈɑːstɪsˌɪzəm/
noun
a religious orientation of doubt; a denial of ultimate knowledge of the existence of God

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atheism

atheism

/ˈeɪθiˌɪzəm/, /əˈθaɪsəm/
noun
the belief that rejects the existence of God or a higher power

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trinity

trinity

/ˈtɹɪnəti/, /ˈtɹɪnɪti/
noun
in Christianity, the concept of God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

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theology

theology

/θiˈɑɫədʒi/
noun
the study of religions and faiths

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almighty

almighty

/ɔɫˈmaɪti/
adjective
having unlimited power

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animism

animism

/ˈænəˌmɪzəm/
noun
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls

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theism

theism

/ˈθiɪzəm/
noun
the doctrine or belief in the existence of a God or gods

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biblical

biblical

/ˈbɪbɫəkəɫ/, /ˈbɪbɫɪkəɫ/
adjective
of or pertaining to or contained in or in accordance with the Bible

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baptism

baptism

/ˈbæptɪzəm/
noun
a Christian ceremony during which water is poured on someone or they are immersed into water to welcome them to the Church

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bar mitzvah

bar mitzvah

/bˈɑːɹ mˈɪtsvə/
noun
(Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 13th birthday of a Jewish boy and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility

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secularism

secularism

/ˈsɛkjəɫɝˌɪzəm/
noun
the doctrine that separates the state from religious associations

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spiritualism

spiritualism

/ˈspɪɹɪˌtʃuəˌɫɪzm/
noun
the belief that the spirits of dead people can communicate with people who are still alive (especially via a medium)

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asceticism

asceticism

/ɐsˈɛɾɪsˌɪzəm/
noun
the doctrine that through renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state

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archbishop

archbishop

/ˈɑɹtʃˈbɪʃəp/
noun
a bishop of the highest rank who is responsible for all the churches in a specific large area

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christening

christening

/ˈkɹɪsənɪŋ/, /ˈkɹɪsnɪŋ/
noun
a Christian religious ceremony during which a baby is named and admitted to the Christian Church

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clergy

clergy

/ˈkɫɝdʒi/
noun
those ordained for religious services, especially in the Christian Church

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commemorative

commemorative

/kəˈmɛmɝˌeɪtɪv/, /kəˈmɛmɹətɪv/
adjective
intended as a commemoration

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congregation

congregation

/ˌkɑŋɡɹəˈɡeɪʃən/
noun
a group of people who gather in a church to say prayers

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consecration

consecration

/ˌkɑnsəˈkɹeɪʃən/
noun
(religion) sanctification of something by setting it apart (usually with religious rites) as dedicated to God

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crucifix

crucifix

/ˈkɹusəˌfɪks/
noun
representation of the cross on which Jesus died

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deity

deity

/ˈdiəti/
noun
a supernatural figure that is worshipped; a god or goddess

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ecclesiastic

ecclesiastic

/ɪˌkɫiziˈæstɪk/
noun
a clergyman or other person in religious orders

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effigy

effigy

/ˈɛfɪdʒi/
noun
a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture)

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epistle

epistle

/ɪˈpɪsəɫ/
noun
any of the letters in the New Testament, written by the apostles

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exorcism

exorcism

/ˈɛksɝˌsɪzəm/
noun
freeing from evil spirits

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gospel

gospel

/ˈɡɑspəɫ/, /ˈɡɔspəɫ/
noun
any of the four books of the New Testament that is about the life and teachings of Jesus Christ

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kosher

kosher

/ˈkoʊʃɝ/
adjective
describing food that is acceptable by Jewish law

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guru

guru

/ˈɡuˌɹu/
noun
a religious leader or teacher in Buddhism, Hinduism, or Sikhism

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halal

halal

/hˈæləl/
adjective
(of meat) prepared according to Islamic law

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hermit

hermit

/ˈhɝmət/
noun
someone who lives a very simple life in solitude as a religious practice

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heretic

heretic

/ˈhɛɹətɪk/
noun
someone with beliefs against the doctrines of a particular religion

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hymn

hymn

/ˈhɪm/
noun
a religious song intended to praise God, especially sung by Christians in congregation

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reincarnation

reincarnation

/ˌɹiɪnkɑɹˈneɪʃən/
noun
the belief that after someone’s death, their spirit comes back to life in the form of a new body, especially in Buddhism and Hinduism

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judaic

judaic

/dʒuːdˈeɪɪk/
adjective
of or relating to or characteristic of the Jews or their culture or religion

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martyr

martyr

/ˈmɑɹtɝ/
noun
someone who is killed because of their beliefs

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lama

lama

/ˈɫɑmə/
noun
a Mongolian or Tibetan Buddhist monk

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monastic

monastic

/məˈnæstɪk/
adjective
of communal life sequestered from the world under religious vows

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pantheism

pantheism

/pˈænθiːˌɪzəm/
noun
the doctrine or belief that God is the universe and its phenomena (taken or conceived of as a whole) or the doctrine that regards the universe as a manifestation of God

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polytheism

polytheism

/ˈpɑˌɫiθiɪzəm/
noun
belief in multiple Gods

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