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analog

analog

/ˈænəˌɫɔɡ/
adjective
relating to or using signals in which information is represented through constant changing of physical quantities

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trojan horse

trojan horse

/tɹˈoʊdʒən hˈɔːɹs/
noun
a program that appears desirable but actually contains something harmful

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source code

source code

/sˈoːɹs kˈoʊd/
noun
program instructions written as an ASCII text file; must be translated by a compiler or interpreter or assembler into the object code for a particular computer before execution

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to authenticate

to authenticate

/ɔˈθɛntəˌkeɪt/
verb
*** (of a user or process) have one's identity verified

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to boot

to boot

/ˈbut/
verb
(also boot up) to start a computer, putting it into a state of readiness for operation

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beta version

beta version

/bˈeɪɾə vˈɜːʒən/
noun
*** ‌a version of a product, especially computer software, that is almost ready for the public to buy or use, and that is tested by people who do not work for the company that is developing it

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bootstrap

bootstrap

/ˈbutˌstɹæp/
noun
*** a technique of loading a program into a computer by means of a few initial instructions which enable the introduction of the rest of the program from an input device

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cache

cache

/ˈkæʃ/, /kæˈʃeɪ/
noun
(computing) a type of computer memory in which information that is often in use can be stored temporarily, a cache can be accessed quickly and is needed while a program is running

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clipboard

clipboard

/ˈkɫɪpˌbɔɹd/
noun
a unit for measuring the size of computer data equal to eight bits

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compatibility

compatibility

/kəmˌpætəˈbɪɫəˌti/
noun
the ability of a computer, software, or equipment to work with another device or software

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configuration

configuration

/kənˌfɪɡjɝˈeɪʃən/
noun
the set-up, hardware, and software of a computer that makes a complete system

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to corrupt

to corrupt

/kɝˈəpt/
verb
*** cause errors to appear in (a computer program or database)

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cyberspace

cyberspace

/ˈsaɪbɝˌspeɪs/
noun
the non-physical space in which communication over computer networks takes place

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diagnostic

diagnostic

/ˌdaɪəɡˈnɑstɪk/
noun
*** a program used for identifying a computer fault

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to disassemble

to disassemble

/ˌdɪsəˈsɛmbəɫ/
verb
*** to translate something from computer code into a language that can be read by humans

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dongle

dongle

/dˈɑːŋɡəl/
noun
(computer science) an electronic device that must be attached to a computer in order for it to use protected software

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router

router

/ˈɹaʊtɝ/, /ˈɹutɝ/
noun
an electronic device that connects computer networks and sends data between networks

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rom

rom

/ˈɹɑm/
noun
(computer science) memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed

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ram

ram

/ˈɹæm/
noun
a type of computer memory tasked with temporarily storing data for a quicker access

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proxy server

proxy server

/pɹˈɑːksi sˈɜːvɚ/
noun
*** ‌a server that exists between somebody's personal computer and the internet to provide some services for the user and/or to prevent them from reaching information, websites, etc. without permission

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piracy

piracy

/ˈpaɪɹəsi/
noun
the act of plagiarizing; taking someone's words or ideas as if they were your own

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patch

patch

/ˈpætʃ/
noun
a short set of commands to correct a bug in a computer program

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open-source

open-source

/ˈoʊpənˌsɔɹs/
adjective
(computing) describing a computer program whose source code is available to everyone

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overload

overload

/ˈoʊvɝˌɫoʊd/
noun
an electrical load that exceeds the available electrical power

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malicious

malicious

/məˈɫɪʃəs/
adjective
*** (of software or computer code) intended to damage somebody's computer or data files

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local area network

local area network

/lˈoʊkəl ˈɛɹiə nˈɛtwɜːk/
noun
a local computer network for communication between computers; especially a network connecting computers and word processors and other electronic office equipment to create a communication system between offices

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intranet

intranet

/ˈɪntɹənˌɛt/
noun
a restricted computer network; a private network created using World Wide Web software

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interface

interface

/ˈɪnɝˌfeɪs/, /ˈɪntɝˌfeɪs/
noun
(computing) the program through which a user can interact with a computer, especially its design and appearance

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gui

gui

/ɡˈuːi/
noun
the visual interaction that users have with the computer through icons, menus, etc.

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firmware

firmware

/ˈfɝmˌwɛɹ/
noun
(computing) a type of software stored in a way that it cannot be modified or erased

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to encrypt

to encrypt

/ɛnˈkɹɪpt/, /ɪnˈkɹɪpt/
verb
to convert data or information into a coded form, mainly to prevent unauthorized access

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codec

codec

/kˈoʊdək/
noun
*** ‌a device or program that reduces the size of a file, etc. so that it can be sent more quickly, and returns it to its original form so that it can be used

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to generate

to generate

/ˈdʒɛnɝˌeɪt/
verb
*** to produce a set or sequence of data by taking an initial set of data and applying a mathematical or logical process to it
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Examples

Finally, a name must not generate negative associations in the minds of consumers.

They generate excitement with their lively chatter.

This generates in the children a lifelong pattern of expecting that they will always get what they want.

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clock speed

clock speed

/klˈɑːk spˈiːd/
noun
the speed at which a computer can process information, expressed in (MHz)

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byte

byte

/ˈbaɪt/
noun
a unit for measuring the size of computer data equal to 8 bits

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binary

binary

/ˈbaɪnɝi/
noun
a pre-compiled, pre-linked program that is ready to run under a given operating system; a binary for one operating system will not run on a different operating system

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read-only

read-only

/ɹˈiːdˈoʊnli/
adjective
*** (of memory, data or a file) able to be seen and read, but not changed

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to rip

to rip

/ˈɹɪp/
verb
*** to copy sound or video files from a website or CD on to a computer
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Examples

and then it just feels like a rip.

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stack

stack

/ˈstæk/
noun
a storage device that handles data so that the next item to be retrieved is the item most recently stored (LIFO)

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to troubleshoot

to troubleshoot

/ˈtɹəbəɫˌʃut/
verb
*** trace and correct faults in a mechanical or electronic system

Examples

great

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