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zoology

zoology

/zoʊˈɑɫədʒi/
noun
a branch of science that deals with animals

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botany

botany

/ˈbɑtəni/
noun
the scientific study of plants, their structure, genetics, classification, etc.

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synthesis

synthesis

/ˈsɪnθəsəs/
noun
the act of producing a substance that exists in living beings

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antigen

antigen

/ˈæntədʒən/
noun
any foreign substance in the body that can trigger a response from the immune system

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cortisol

cortisol

/ˈkɔɹtɪˌsɔɫ/
noun
a steroid hormone that the body produces and is used in medicine to help cure skin diseases

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clone

clone

/ˈkɫoʊn/
noun
a cell or a group of cells created through a natural or artificial process from a source that they are genetically identical to

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dominant

dominant

/ˈdɑmənənt/
adjective
(of genes) causing a person to inherit a particular physical feature, even if it is only present in one parent's genome

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fetus

fetus

/ˈfitəs/
noun
an offspring of a human or animal that is not born yet, particularly a human aged more than eight weeks after conception

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gene pool

gene pool

/dʒˈiːn pˈuːl/
noun
all of the genes that are available within breeding populations of a particular species of animal or plant

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genome

genome

/ˈdʒiˌnoʊm/
noun
the complete set of genetic material of any living thing

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incubation

incubation

/ˌɪŋkjuˈbeɪʃən/
noun
maintaining something at the most favorable temperature for its development

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lymph

lymph

/ˈɫɪmf/
noun
a colorless liquid consisting of white blood cells that helps to prevent infections from spreading

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membrane

membrane

/ˈmɛmˌbɹeɪn/
noun
a thin sheet of tissue that separates or covers the inner parts of an organism

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to mutate

to mutate

/ˈmjuˌteɪt/
verb
to cause or experience genetic changes

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neurotransmitter

neurotransmitter

/nˈʊɹɹətɹˌænsmɪɾɚ/
noun
a chemical substance that transmits messages from a neuron to another one or to a muscle

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symbiosis

symbiosis

/ˌsɪmbaɪˈoʊsəs/
noun
the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other

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specimen

specimen

/ˈspɛsəmən/
noun
an example regarded as typical of its class

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to secrete

to secrete

/sɪˈkɹit/
verb
(of a cell, gland, or organ) to produce and release a liquid substance in the body

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propagation

propagation

/ˌpɹɑpəˈɡeɪʃən/
noun
the act of producing offspring or multiplying by such production

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pigmentation

pigmentation

/ˌpɪɡmənˈteɪʃən/
noun
the deposition of pigment in animals or plants or human beings

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physiology

physiology

/ˌfɪziˈɑɫədʒi/
noun
the field of science that studies the function or interactions among organisms

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to ovulate

to ovulate

/ˈɑːvjʊlˌeɪt/
verb
(of a female animal or human) to produce an ovum from the ovary

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nucleus

nucleus

/ˈnukɫiəs/
noun
(biology) the part of a cell that contains most of the genetic information

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metabolism

metabolism

/məˈtæbəˌɫɪzəm/
noun
the chemical processes through which food is changed into energy for the body to use

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carbon dating

carbon dating

/kˈɑːɹbən dˈeɪɾɪŋ/
noun
a method used for measuring how old an organic material is by calculating the amount of carbon they contain

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cybernetics

cybernetics

/sˌaɪbɚnˈɛɾɪks/
noun
(biology) the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control (especially the comparison of these processes in biological and artificial systems)

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pathology

pathology

/pəˈθɑɫədʒi/
noun
a branch of medical science primarily focusing on the study of the causes and effects of disease or injury

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vivisection

vivisection

/vˌɪvɪsˈɛkʃən/
noun
the act of operating on living animals (especially in scientific research)

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aerodynamics

aerodynamics

/ˌɛɹoʊdaɪˈnæmɪks/
noun
the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of gases (especially air) and their effects on bodies in the flow

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volatile

volatile

/ˈvɑɫətəɫ/
adjective
evaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures

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vacuum

vacuum

/ˈvækjum/
noun
a space that is utterly devoid of matter

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thermal

thermal

/ˈθɝməɫ/
adjective
relating to or connected with heat

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refraction

refraction

/ɹɪfɹˈækʃən/
noun
the change in direction of a propagating wave (light or sound) when passing from one medium to another

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particle

particle

/ˈpɑɹtəkəɫ/, /ˈpɑɹtɪkəɫ/
noun
(physics) any of the smallest units that energy or matter consists of, such as electrons, atoms, molecules, etc.

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to oscillate

to oscillate

/ˈɑsəˌɫeɪt/
verb
move or swing from side to side regularly

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nuclear fission

nuclear fission

/nˈuːklɪɹ fˈɪʃən/
noun
the process or action of splitting a nucleus into two or more parts resulting in the release of a significant amount of energy

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nuclear fusion

nuclear fusion

/nˈuːklɪɹ fjˈuːʒən/
noun
(physics) the reaction in which two nuclei join together and produce energy

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momentum

momentum

/moʊˈmɛntəm/
noun
the product of a body's mass and its velocity

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isotope

isotope

/ˈaɪsəˌtoʊp/
noun
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons

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kinetic

kinetic

/kəˈnɛtɪk/, /kɪˈnɛtɪk/
adjective
relating to the motion of material bodies and the forces associated therewith

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great

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