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arithmetic

arithmetic

/ˌɛɹɪθˈmɛtɪk/, /ɝˈɪθməˌtɪk/
noun
a branch of mathematics that deals with addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc.

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asymmetry

asymmetry

/ˌeɪˈsɪmətɹi/
noun
(geometry) a lack of symmetry or equivalence in shape or size between the two sides or parts of something

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axis

axis

/ˈæksəs/
noun
a real or imaginary line about which an object rotates

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calculus

calculus

/ˈkæɫkjəɫəs/
noun
the branch of mathematics that comprises differentials and integrals

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chaos theory

chaos theory

/kˈeɪɑːs θˈiəɹi/
noun
(mathematics) an interdisciplinary theory about complex systems that obey particular laws but appear to have little or no order

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congruent

congruent

/ˈkɔnɡɹuˌɛnt/
adjective
(in geometry) describing shapes of the same size and form

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decimal

decimal

/ˈdɛsəməɫ/
noun
(mathematics) a number less than one, called a fraction, that is represented as a period followed by the number of tenths, hundredths, etc.

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game theory

game theory

/ɡˈeɪm θˈiəɹi/
noun
a branch of mathematics that studies the strategies of dealing with competitive situations involving conflict of interests, especially in business, war, etc.

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matrix

matrix

/ˈmeɪtɹɪks/
noun
(mathematics) a rectangular array of quantities or expressions set out by rows and columns; treated as a single element and manipulated according to rules

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trigonometry

trigonometry

/tɹˌɪɡənˈɑːmətɹi/
noun
the mathematics of triangles and trigonometric functions

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radius

radius

/ˈɹeɪdiəs/
noun
a straight line drawn from the center of a circle to any point on its outer boundary; the length that this line has

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parabola

parabola

/pɝˈæbəɫə/
noun
(geometry) a symmetrical open curve that is similar to the path of an object thrown into the air passes till it falls back to earth

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gradient

gradient

/ˈɡɹeɪdiənt/
noun
the rate of change of temperature, pressure, etc. between one part and another

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equation

equation

/ɪˈkweɪʒən/
noun
(mathematics) a statement indicating the equality between two values

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circumference

circumference

/ˌsɝˈkəmfɹəns/
noun
(geometry) the length of the external boundary of a curved shape, especially a circle

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mean

mean

/ˈmin/
noun
(mathematics) the average value of a set of quantities calculated by adding them, and dividing them by the total number of the quantities

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diameter

diameter

/daɪˈæmətɝ/
noun
a straight line from one side of a round object, particularly a circle, passing through the center and joining the other side

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coaxial

coaxial

/ˈkoʊˈæksiəɫ/
adjective
having a common axis

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chronograph

chronograph

/kɹˈɑːnəɡɹˌæf/
noun
an accurate timer for recording time

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to overhaul

to overhaul

/ˈoʊvɝˌhɔɫ/
verb
make repairs, renovations, revisions or adjustments to

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ohmmeter

ohmmeter

/ˈoʊmiːɾɚ/
noun
a meter for measuring electrical resistance in ohms

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microchip

microchip

/ˈmaɪˌkɹoʊˈtʃɪp/
noun
a small piece of material that is a semiconductor, used to make an integrated circuit

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lever

lever

/ˈɫɛvɝ/, /ˈɫivɝ/
noun
a long rigid bar that is put under a heavy object in order to move it

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insulator

insulator

/ˈɪnsəˌɫeɪtɝ/
noun
a substance that doesn't conduct heat, sound, etc.

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crank

crank

/ˈkɹæŋk/
noun
a device that allows movement between mechanical parts of a machine or converts backward and forward motion into circular movement

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cardinal

cardinal

/ˈkɑɹdənəɫ/, /ˈkɑɹdɪnəɫ/
noun
the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order

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to cube

to cube

/ˈkjub/
verb
to multiply a value or number by itself two times

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differential calculus

differential calculus

/dˌɪfɚɹˈɛnʃəl kˈælkjʊləs/
noun
the part of calculus that deals with the variation of a function with respect to changes in the independent variable (or variables) by means of the concepts of derivative and differential

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logarithm

logarithm

/ˈɫɑɡɝˌɪðəm/
noun
the exponent required to produce a given number

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ordinal

ordinal

/ˈɔːɹdɪnəl/
noun
a number that indicates the position of something in a sequence, such as third, second, etc.

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power

power

/ˈpaʊɝ/
noun
a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

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great

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