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archipelago

archipelago

/ˌɑɹkəˈpɛɫəˌɡoʊ/, /ˌɑɹtʃəpəˈɫeɪˌɡoʊ/
noun
a large collection of islands or the sea surrounding them

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swamp

swamp

/ˈswɑmp/, /ˈswɔmp/
noun
an area of land that is covered with water or is always very wet

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reservoir

reservoir

/ˈɹɛzəvˌwɑɹ/, /ˈɹɛzɝvˌwɑɹ/
noun
a lake, either natural or artificial, from which water is supplied to houses

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precipice

precipice

/ˈpɹɛsəpəs/
noun
a very steep cliff

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peninsula

peninsula

/pəˈnɪnsəɫə/
noun
a large body of land that is partially surrounded by water but is attached to a larger area of land

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pinnacle

pinnacle

/ˈpɪnəkəɫ/
noun
a lofty peak

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brook

brook

/ˈbɹʊk/
noun
a natural stream of water smaller than a river (and often a tributary of a river)

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deposit

deposit

/dəˈpɑzɪt/, /dɪˈpɑzət/
noun
a layer of matter that has been accumulated, particularly by a body of water

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equatorial

equatorial

/ˌikwəˈtɔɹiəɫ/
adjective
of or existing at or near the geographic equator

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glacial

glacial

/ˈɡɫeɪʃəɫ/
adjective
relating to or derived from a glacier

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moorland

moorland

/ˈmʊɹˌɫænd/
noun
an open and high land covered with grass, bushes and heather

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terrain

terrain

/tɝˈeɪn/
noun
an area of land, particularly in reference to its physical or natural features

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wharf

wharf

/ˈhwɔɹf/, /ˈwɔɹf/
noun
a platform built out from the shore into the water and supported by piles; provides access to ships and boats

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vale

vale

/ˈveɪɫ/
noun
a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river

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arid

arid

/ˈæɹəd/, /ˈɛɹəd/
adjective
(of land or a climate) very dry because of not having enough or any rain

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cascade

cascade

/kæˈskeɪd/
noun
a small steep waterfall, usually one of several others

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levee

levee

/ˈɫɛvi/
noun
an embankment that is built in order to prevent a river from overflowing

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canopy

canopy

/ˈkænəpi/
noun
*** the uppermost trees or branches of the trees in a forest, forming a more or less continuous layer of foliage

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flora

flora

/ˈfɫɔɹə/
noun
all the plant life in a particular region or period

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foliage

foliage

/ˈfoʊɫiɪdʒ/, /ˈfoʊɫɪdʒ/
noun
a plant or tree's branches and leaves collectively

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fungus

fungus

/ˈfəŋɡəs/
noun
a plant-like organism that often grows on organic matter and has no flowers or leaves, such as moulds and mushrooms

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perennial

perennial

/pɝˈɛniəɫ/
adjective
lasting three seasons or more

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to pollinate

to pollinate

/ˈpɑɫəˌneɪt/
verb
to deposit pollen on a plant or flower so that it can produce new seeds

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sapling

sapling

/ˈsæpɫɪŋ/
noun
a small and young tree

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shoot

shoot

/ˈʃut/
noun
a new growth on a tree or plant; the part of a plant that starts to appear above the ground because it is growing

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to sprout

to sprout

/ˈspɹaʊt/
verb
(of a seed or plant) to begin growing; to produce new leaves or shoots

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biodegradable

biodegradable

/ˌbaɪoʊdəˈɡɹeɪdəbəɫ/
adjective
(of an object) able to be broken down by living organisms such as bacteria, which is then safe for the environment

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to contaminate

to contaminate

/kənˈtæməˌneɪt/
verb
to make a place, substance, etc. dirty or harmful by adding dangerous material

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ecological

ecological

/ɛkəˈɫɑdʒɪkəɫ/, /ikəˈɫɑdʒɪkəɫ/
adjective
related to the connection between animals, plants, and humans and their environment

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effluent

effluent

/ˈɛfɫuənt/
noun
sewage or liquid waste discharged into rivers, lakes, or the sea

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zero-emission

zero-emission

/zˈiəɹoʊɪmˈɪʃən/
adjective
(of a vehicle) not producing gases harmful to the environment

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low-impact

low-impact

/lˈoʊˈɪmpækt/
adjective
*** ‌not causing very many problems or changes, especially in the environment

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flurry

flurry

/ˈfɫɝi/
noun
a small amount of rain, snow, etc. that moves in a quick and whirling way and lasts only for a short period of time

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gale

gale

/ˈɡeɪɫ/
noun
a very powerful wind

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horizon

horizon

/hɝˈaɪzən/
noun
the line where the sky and earth seem to come in contact with each other

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monsoon

monsoon

/mɑnˈsun/
noun
a period in the summer during which wind blows and rain falls in India or other hot South Asian countries

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thaw

thaw

/ˈθɔ/
noun
a period during which the weather becomes warmer causing snow and ice to melt

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arable

arable

/ˈæɹəbəɫ/
adjective
having the capacity to be used to grow crops

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cultivation

cultivation

/ˌkəɫtɪˈveɪʃən/
noun
(agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale)

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You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!