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ambulatory
/ˈæmbjəɫəˌtɔɹi/
noun
a covered walkway or passageway, typically found in religious buildings or gardens, that allows for a continuous flow of movement around a central space
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apse
/ˈæps/
noun
a small curved area in a church, particularly at the east end of it
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aisle
/ˈaɪəɫ/, /ˈaɪɫ/
noun
the lower section of a church, divided by columns, that runs parallel to the nave, transept, or choir
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choir
/ˈkwaɪɝ/
noun
an area in a church that is occasionally occupied by a group of singers performing together while religious ceremonies are held
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choir loft
/kwˈaɪɚ lˈɔft/
noun
an elevated area in a church or cathedral where the choir or singers perform during religious services
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concha
/ˈkɑntʃə/
noun
a semicircular or dome-shaped recess or niche, often found in the apse of a church, used for decorative or architectural purposes
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crossing
/ˈkɹɔsɪŋ/
noun
the area in a church where the nave, transepts, and choir intersect, often marked by a dome or tower
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rood screen
/ɹˈuːd skɹˈiːn/
noun
a decorative partition or gallery separating the choir and sanctuary from the nave in a church
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narthex
/nˈɑːɹθɛks/
noun
an enclosed area consisting of pillars located at the western entrance of an old church
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poppyhead
/pˈɑːpɪhˌɛd/
noun
an ornamental carving or finial found at the top of a seat or a choir stall, typically depicting a decorative or symbolic design such as a flower, foliage, or a human or animal figure
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steeple
/ˈstipəɫ/
noun
a tall and pointed tower on a church, often topped by a spire
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transept
/tɹænsˈɛpt/
noun
either of the two hands at the sides of a cross-shaped church, which sticks out of the long central part of the church at a 90-degree angle
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tribune
/ˈtɹɪbjun/
noun
the apse or a semicircular or polygonal space at the east end of a church, often containing the altar and serving as a focal point of worship
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triforium
/tɹaɪfˈoːɹiəm/
noun
a narrow, arcaded gallery or passageway found above the arches of the nave in Gothic cathedrals, typically below the clerestory windows
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nave
/ˈneɪv/
noun
the long and central part of a church where people sit to worship God
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pulpit
/ˈpʊɫpɪt/
noun
a small enclosed platform with stairs in a church, on which a priest stands to preach to people
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chancel
/tʃˈænsəl/
noun
the area of a church or cathedral that surrounds the altar and is typically reserved for the clergy and choir during religious services
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transept chapel
/tɹænsˈɛpt tʃˈæpəl/
noun
a small chapel located within the transept of a church or cathedral, often dedicated to a specific saint or serving as a place of private prayer or devotion
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nave arcade
/nˈeɪv ɑːɹkˈeɪd/
noun
a series of arches or arcades that separate the nave (the central aisle of a church) from the side aisles
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chapel
/ˈtʃæpəɫ/
noun
a small place of worship or prayer that is usually separate from a main church or cathedral
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crypt
/ˈkɹɪpt/
noun
a room that is beneath the floor of a church and was mostly used for burying the dead in the past
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chantry chapel
/tʃˈæntɹi tʃˈæpəl/
noun
a small chapel within a church, dedicated to prayers and masses for the souls of specific individuals, typically the chapel's founder or benefactor
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fleche
/flˈɛtʃ/
noun
a slender, spire-like structure typically found atop the roof of a church or cathedral, serving as a decorative or functional element
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piscina
/pˈɪsɪnə/
noun
a shallow basin or stone niche with a drain, usually found in the sacristy or near the altar in a church, used for the ritual washing of sacred vessels and purifying water used in religious ceremonies
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stave church
/stˈeɪv tʃˈɜːtʃ/
noun
a medieval wooden church found in Norway, constructed using post-and-beam techniques and featuring intricate woodcarvings
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cloister
/ˈkɫɔɪstɝ/
noun
a covered walking area with several stone arches, which surrounds a square garden in a church, monastery, etc.
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spire
/ˈspaɪɹ/
noun
a pointed and long structure in the shape of a cone, which is built on top of a church or other tall buildings
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flying buttress
/flˈaɪɪŋ bˈʌtɹəs/
noun
an arched structure made of stone used for supporting the outer wall of a building, especially a church
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gargoyle
/ˈɡɑɹˌɡɔɪɫ/
noun
stone figures that resemble a hideous creature and that are attached to the top of some old buildings, particularly old churches, for carrying rain water off the roof
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cloister garth
/klˈɔɪstɚ ɡˈɑːɹθ/
noun
the central courtyard or garden enclosed by the surrounding covered walkways of a cloister, providing a peaceful and communal space for prayer and contemplation
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belfry
/ˈbelfri/
noun
a bell tower or structure that houses bells, often found in churches or other religious buildings
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screen
/ˈskɹin/
noun
an ornate partition made of wood or stone, partly separating the main area of a church from other parts such as the choir or altar
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stained glass
/stˈeɪnd ɡlˈæs/
noun
colorful pieces of glass put together in decorative patterns to form pictorial designs, typically found in the windows of churches
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vault
/ˈvɔɫt/
noun
a chamber located under a church or cemetery, which is used for burying the dead, particularly those sharing a family bond
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broach spire
/bɹˈoʊtʃ spˈaɪɚ/
noun
a roof structure on a tower or steeple that has four sloping sides and a pyramid-like shape
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broach
/ˈbɹoʊtʃ/
noun
a triangular or conical stone finial or ornament placed at the top or apex of a gable or spire on a church
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