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attic
/ˈætɪk/
noun
a type of wall, specifically a low wall or parapet that extends above the main roofline of a building
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bracket
/ˈbɹækɪt/
noun
a architectural element that projects from a wall to support or adorn another element, such as a shelf, beam, or cornice
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parapet
/ˈpɛɹəˌpɛt/
noun
a low protective wall or railing built along the edge of a roof, balcony, bridge, or other elevated structure to prevent people from falling
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rampart
/ˈɹæmˌpɑɹt/
noun
a defensive wall or embankment built around a fortification or city for protection against enemy attacks
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breast
/brest/
noun
the upper part of a wall, typically referring to the portion that is above a lintel or a horizontal projection
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crenel
/kɹˈɛnəl/
noun
a notched or indented opening in a battlement or parapet, typically used for observation or defensive purposes
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corbel
/ˈkɔɹbəɫ/
noun
a piece of stone or wood protruding from a wall, supporting its above structure
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curtain wall
/kˈɜːtən wˈɔːl/
noun
a non-structural exterior wall system made of lightweight materials, such as glass, providing a protective barrier and allowing natural light into a building
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screen wall
/skɹˈiːn wˈɔːl/
noun
a wall constructed primarily for the purpose of screening or enclosing an area, often made of decorative materials and providing privacy or protection
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niche
/ˈnɪtʃ/
noun
a hollow space in a wall, used for putting in decorative objects such a statue
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perpend
/pˈɜːpənd/
noun
the vertical joint or seam between two bricks or stones in a masonry wall
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quoin
/ˈkwɔɪn/
noun
the corner angle of a building, typically formed by masonry blocks or stones
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reveal
/ɹiˈviɫ/, /ɹɪˈviɫ/
noun
the vertical side or edge of a door or window frame that is set back from the surrounding wall surface
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splay
/splˈeɪ/
noun
an angled or sloping surface, typically found on the sides or edges of a window or door opening, creating a wider opening towards the inside of a wall
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squint
/ˈskwɪnt/
noun
a diagonal or oblique opening or passage in a wall, typically found in architecture, allowing a view or passage between different spaces or rooms
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water table
/wˈɔːɾɚ tˈeɪbəl/
noun
a projecting horizontal molding or ledge located at the base of a building or wall, designed to divert water away from the structure
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band
/ˈbænd/
noun
a horizontal decorative or structural element that runs along the exterior or interior of a building, typically separating different sections or adding visual interest to the architecture
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load-bearing wall
/lˈoʊdbˈɛɹɪŋ wˈɔːl/
noun
a structural wall that supports the weight of the building or a significant portion of it, transmitting the load to the foundation and other structural elements
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exterior wall
/ɛkstˈiəɹɪɚ wˈɔːl/
noun
a wall that forms the outer boundary of a building, separating the interior space from the external environment
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interior wall
/ɪntˈiəɹɪɚ wˈɔːl/
noun
a wall that divides the interior space of a building into separate rooms or areas
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retaining wall
/ɹɪtˈeɪnɪŋ wˈɔːl/
noun
a structure designed to hold back soil or other materials and prevent erosion or the collapse of land
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stud wall
/stˈʌd wˈɔːl/
noun
a non-load-bearing wall made of vertical wooden or metal studs covered with materials such as drywall or paneling
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concrete wall
/kˈɑːŋkɹiːt wˈɔːl/
noun
a solid structure made of concrete that provides strength, durability, and stability to a building or structure
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brick wall
/bɹˈɪk wˈɔːl/
noun
a construction made of bricks, typically arranged in a pattern, that forms a sturdy and durable barrier
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stone wall
/stˈoʊn wˈɔːl/
noun
a structure built using stones or rocks, typically stacked together, to create a solid and enduring barrier
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timber wall
/tˈɪmbɚ wˈɔːl/
noun
a wall constructed primarily using timber or wood as the main material
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glass wall
/ɡlˈæs wˈɔːl/
noun
a transparent or translucent barrier made of glass that separates or divides spaces while allowing visual connection between them
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green wall
/ɡɹˈiːn wˈɔːl/
noun
a plant-covered vertical structure that can be attached to a building wall, particularly when there is not enough space for plants to grow on the ground
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temporary wall
/tˈɛmpɚɹˌɛɹi wˈɔːl/
noun
a partition or barrier that is intended for short-term use and can be easily installed, removed, or repositioned without causing permanent structural changes to a space
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boundary wall
/bˈaʊndɚɹi wˈɔːl/
noun
a structure built to mark and enclose the boundary or perimeter of a property, providing separation and security between neighboring properties or areas
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fire-rated wall
/fˈaɪɚɹˈeɪɾᵻd wˈɔːl/
noun
a specially constructed wall that is designed and built to resist the spread of fire for a specified period of time, providing a barrier to limit the fire's progression and protect adjacent areas or structures
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clerestory
/klˈɛɹɪstɚɹi/
noun
a high section of a wall, typically containing windows or other openings, that allows natural light to enter a building while providing a sense of height and airiness to the interior space
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coping
/ˈkoʊpɪŋ/
noun
the protective covering or cap placed on top of a wall, parapet, or other architectural element to prevent water infiltration, enhance structural integrity, and provide a finished appearance
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coping stone
/kˈoʊpɪŋ stˈoʊn/
noun
the individual stone unit or element that forms the topmost layer or cap of a wall, parapet, or similar architectural feature, serving as a protective and decorative covering
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cap
/ˈkæp/
noun
the uppermost layer or finishing element placed on the top of a wall, providing protection from weather elements and giving a completed appearance to the structure
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wainscot
/ˈweɪnskət/
noun
a decorative paneling or covering applied to the lower part of a wall, typically extending from the floor to a certain height, often made of wood or other materials
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panelling
/pˈænəlɪŋ/
noun
the application of decorative panels or boards to enhance the appearance of walls or other surfaces, adding texture and visual interest to the space
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partition
/pɑɹˈtɪʃən/
noun
a wall or piece of glass that is used to divide different parts of a building
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party wall
/pˈɑːɹɾi wˈɔːl/
noun
a shared boundary wall between two adjacent properties or structures
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recess
/ˈɹisɛs/, /ɹɪˈsɛs/
noun
a small indented area or alcove set back into a wall or other surface, often used for decorative or functional purposes such as display, storage, or seating
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divider
/dɪˈvaɪdɝ/
noun
a partition or object used to separate or divide a larger space into distinct sections, providing visual or physical separation between areas for functional or aesthetic purposes
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shoji screen
/ʃˈoʊdʒi skɹˈiːn/
noun
a traditional Japanese folding screen or room divider made of a wooden frame and translucent paper or fabric panels, allowing diffused light to pass through while providing privacy and aesthetic beauty
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wing wall
/wˈɪŋ wˈɔːl/
noun
a short wall extending from a main structure, often found at the sides of bridges or buildings, providing support or separation
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reglet
/ɹɪɡlˈɛt/
noun
a small groove in a wall or surface used to hide the edge of another material or component
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drip
/ˈdɹɪp/
noun
a projecting edge used to redirect water away from a building's surface
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grille
/ˈɡɹɪɫ/
noun
a framework of bars or slats used to cover or protect openings while allowing airflow or visibility
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gable
/ˈɡeɪbəɫ/
noun
the upper part of a house wall in the shape of a triangle where it meets a sloping roof
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gable end
/ɡˈeɪbəl ˈɛnd/
noun
the vertical wall surface that forms the triangular end of a building or structure, enclosed by the gable
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gable wall
/ɡˈeɪbəl wˈɔːl/
noun
the specific gable end wall or any wall within the gable structure
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corbie step
/kˈɔːɹbi stˈɛp/
noun
a decorative architectural feature consisting of a series of stone steps or corbels that project horizontally from a gable wall or vertical surface
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cullis
/kˈʌliz/
noun
a small groove or channel in a stone or masonry surface used for directing water flow
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