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sukiya-zukuri
/sˈuːkɪjəzjˈuːkjʊɹi/
noun
a traditional style of Japanese tea houses and residential architecture associated with the tea ceremony, known for its simplicity, natural materials, and integration with the surrounding garden
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shoin-zukuri
/ʃˈɔɪnzjˈuːkjʊɹi/
noun
a traditional Japanese architectural style characterized by the use of wooden screens, tatami mats, and decorative alcoves
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shinden-zukuri
/ʃˈɪndənzjˈuːkjʊɹi/
noun
a style of aristocratic residential architecture characterized by a large main hall surrounded by smaller buildings, often seen in palaces and noble estates during the Heian period
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hachiman-zukuri
/hˈætʃɪmənzjˈuːkjʊɹi/
noun
a style primarily used for Shinto shrines dedicated to Hachiman, characterized by a symmetrical gabled roof with two entranceways and verandas
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gongen-zukuri
/ɡˈɔndʒənzjˈuːkjʊɹi/
noun
a style used for shrines associated with mountain worship, featuring a distinctive blend of Buddhist and Shinto architectural elements
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nagare-zukuri
/nˈæɡɛɹzjˈuːkjʊɹi/
noun
a style of shrine architecture characterized by a curved, thatched roof, often resembling the shape of a wave, commonly seen in shrine halls
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Teikan Style
/tˈeɪkən stˈaɪl/
noun
a Japanese architectural style featuring layered roofs and symmetrical layouts seen in imperial and aristocratic buildings
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machiya
/mˈætʃɪjə/
noun
a traditional wooden townhouse found in Kyoto, Japan, known for its narrow frontage and deep interior design
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torii
/tˈoːɹɪˌaɪ/
noun
a traditional Japanese gate commonly found at the entrance of Shinto shrines, characterized by two vertical pillars and a horizontal lintel, often painted in red and symbolizing the transition from the secular to the sacred
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Shinto shrine
/ʃˈɪntoʊ ʃɹˈaɪn/
noun
a religious structure in Japan dedicated to the worship of kami, the spirits or deities of nature and ancestors, often characterized by a distinctive architectural style, torii gates, and various ritual elements
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Zendo
/zˈɛndoʊ/
noun
a meditation hall or space, typically associated with Zen Buddhism, where practitioners gather for silent seated meditation (zazen) and other related practices
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teahouse
/tˈiːhaʊs/
noun
a traditional establishment where tea is served and enjoyed
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Zen garden
/zˈɛn ɡˈɑːɹdən/
noun
a peaceful Japanese-style garden with rocks, sand or gravel, and minimal plants, created to promote tranquility, meditation, and a harmonious connection with nature
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onigawara
/ˌɑːnɪɡɐwˈɑːɹɹə/
noun
a traditional Japanese architectural ornamentation in the form of a demon or ogre mask, often made of clay or ceramic, placed on the edges of roofs or walls to ward off evil spirits and bring protection to the building
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pagoda
/pəˈɡoʊdə/
noun
a multi-story temple located in East or South Asia with a curved roof at each story
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dougong
/dˈʌɡɔŋ/
noun
a traditional Chinese architectural element consisting of interlocking wooden brackets that support the roof and transfer the weight of the structure to the columns or walls
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hanok
/hˈænɑːk/
noun
traditional Korean houses with distinctive architectural features, including wooden frames, paper sliding doors, and curved roofs, reflecting the cultural heritage of Korea
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moon gate
/mˈuːn ɡˈeɪt/
noun
a circular or semi-circular opening found in traditional Chinese gardens and architecture, typically made of stone or wood, creating a framed entrance or window that symbolizes harmony and good fortune
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mastaba
/mæstˈɑːbə/
noun
a type of ancient Egyptian tomb structure characterized by a rectangular, flat-roofed design with sloping sides, typically consisting of an underground burial chamber and a superstructure above ground
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offering chapel
/ˈɑːfɚɹɪŋ tʃˈæpəl/
noun
a small structure or room within an ancient Egyptian temple or tomb complex where offerings, rituals, and prayers were conducted to honor and provide for the deceased or deities
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hypogeum
/hˌaɪpoʊdʒˈiːəm/
noun
an underground structure or chamber, often used as a tomb or sacred space, typically found in ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Rome, and characterized by its subterranean location and architectural features
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mortuary temple
/mˈɔːɹtjuːˌɛɹi tˈɛmpəl/
noun
a type of ancient Egyptian temple built near or connected to a royal tomb, dedicated to the worship and commemoration of a deceased pharaoh, serving as a place for rituals, offerings, and the veneration of the ruler's spirit
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pylon
/ˈpaɪˌɫɑn/
noun
a grand entrance gateway in ancient Egyptian architecture, characterized by two sloping walls and a central doorway
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hypostyle hall
/hˌaɪpoʊstˈaɪl hˈɔːl/
noun
a large interior space in Egyptian and other architectural styles, characterized by a dense arrangement of columns that support the roof, creating a forest-like effect and providing a grand setting for rituals and gatherings
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pyramid
/ˈpɪɹəmɪd/
noun
a stone monument built in ancient Egypt usually as a tomb for the pharaohs, which has a triangular or square base that slopes up to the top
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serdab
/sˈɜːdæb/
noun
a small, enclosed chamber or room, typically found in ancient Egyptian tombs, where the statue or representation of the deceased person was placed for worship or remembrance
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false door
/fˈɑːls dˈoːɹ/
noun
an architectural element in ancient Egyptian tomb and temple architecture that resembles a real door but is not functional
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