amphitheater
/ˈæmfəθiˈeɪtɝ/
noun
an open building that is round or oval in shape and has a space in the middle surrounded by several seats, originated in ancient Roman and Greek architecture used for public entertainments such as sports or drama
Click to see examples

Examples

1The amphitheater is over here.
2The amphitheater at Pompeii is earlier in date.
3Tumultuous yelling filled the amphitheater.
4It has a very well-preserved Roman amphitheater.
5So the kids found an amphitheater.
arsenal
/ˈɑɹsənəɫ/
noun
a building where military equipment are stored or manufactured
Click to see examples

Examples

1His arsenal of weapons is growing.
2New START limits both sides' nuclear arsenals.
3His arsenal is the kitchen shelf, the trash pile, his own usual kit of tools and supplies.
4Their arsenal had eight lethal substances and 27 incapacitating ones.
5Arsenal up to third.
birthplace
/ˈbɝθˌpɫeɪs/
noun
the place in which someone was born
Click to see examples

Examples

1This city on the Turquoise Trail is the birthplace of Microsoft.
2Gruyère cheese is named after its birthplace, the town of Gruyères in Switzerland.
3They practiced witchcraft in my birthplace.
4The birthplace of Samsung is also one of the world's most internet-savvy nations.
5'Vulnerability is the birthplace of innovation, creativity and change.'
castle
/ˈkæsəɫ/
noun
a large and strong building that is protected against attacks, in which the royal family lives
Click to see examples

Examples

1So build your castle first.
2Take this castle?
3Today, the castle has a sanctuary for them.
4Others escape the castle through tiny gaps in the walls.
5The castle will have a spaghetti foundation.
cenotaph
/sˈɛnoʊtˌæf/
noun
a public monument built to honor the people who died in a war and are buried elsewhere
Click to see examples

Examples

1In the event the bodies couldn’t be recovered, a cenotaph would be erected to serve as a monument to the individual.
2So any epitaph is therefore a self-declared cenotaph, an inscription on a place where the body isn't, which of course tells us a lot, too, about the arbitrary nature of language.
3In front of that is a cenotaph.
4The cenotaph, an empty tomb, says that these men died for liberty, and so on.
5No, the people's monument is The Cenotaph in Whitehall, not the church of the kings, but it's the sacred space of the people.
chamber
/ˈtʃeɪmbɝ/
noun
a private room that is mostly used as bedroom
Click to see examples

Examples

1The actors are not properly chambering their weapons.
2The actors are not properly chambering their weapons.
3Some trials over the past year touched this chamber very personally.
4The heart has four chambers.
5Yes, your heart has chambers.
conservation
/ˌkɑnsɝˈveɪʃən/
noun
the protection and repair of objects or buildings of historical or artistic value
Click to see examples

Examples

1Conservation has its own history.
2Crocs rules, save the crocs, conservation.
3Conservation is very important.
4We put conservation at the center of our energy policy-- the first fuel economy standards, the first insulation standards.
5And finally, conservation requires money.
drawbridge
/ˈdɹɔˌbɹɪdʒ/
noun
a bridge that can be pulled up in order to control the entrance or passage by people or ships
Click to see examples

Examples

1At the first signs of critique, avoidant people pull up the drawbridge.
2We've opened up the drawbridge.
3It's known as the drawbridge.
4The drawbridges to prevent hordes of rioters from ransacking the city.
5The smallest drawbridge in the world is in Bermuda.
dungeon
/ˈdəndʒən/
noun
an underground room in which prisoners were confined, particularly in a castle
Click to see examples

Examples

1Think dungeons, corporal punishment, and executions.
2The active player explores the dungeon.
3The dungeon is huge.
4Who built the dungeon?
5The dungeon master, dropped the mic on me.
folly
/ˈfɑɫi/
noun
a decorative building of no practical use that was built in the past, often in a large garden belonging to a country house
Click to see examples

Examples

1Oh, and Ziegfeld’s Follies were the tame version.
2It is folly.
3What folly, what insanity is that?
4What is a folly of yours?
5Marriage without a reasonable economic basis is just a folly.
fort
/ˈfɔɹt/
noun
a building or group of buildings used by troops to protect an area
Click to see examples

Examples

1The fort fell.
2Fort to make.
3- We built a fort. -
4Build a fort!
5Building a fort.
fortress
/ˈfɔɹtɹəs/
noun
a structure or town that has been fortified to endure military attacks
Click to see examples

Examples

1While fortresses bear a mix characteristics.
2His mind is a fortress.
3Every fortress had four gateways, one for each of its four sides.
4The marauding bamboo giants enter the fortress.
5Back in the Australian rainforest, this weaver ant fortress sits at the heart of a rich territory.
landmark
/ˈɫændˌmɑɹk/
noun
a structure or a place that is historically important
Click to see examples

Examples

1Facial landmarks also capture the geometry of your face, like the distance between your eyes and the height of your forehead.
2And a formally posh hotel turned historic landmark.
3Instagram photos feel like landmarks.
4The landmark consists of two types of stones.
5The parking meter is my landmark
listed building
/lˈɪstᵻd bˈɪldɪŋ/
noun
a building of historical or artistic value that is officially protected from being changed or destroyed

Examples

medieval
/miˈdivəɫ/, /mɪˈdivəɫ/, /mɪdˈjivəɫ/
adjective
belonging or related to the Middle Ages, which was the period between the 5th and 15th centuries
Click to see examples

Examples

1Medieval people loved color, bright color, richness.
2This is not a medieval dogma.
3Like their modern counterparts, medieval diagrams demonstrate.
4Still, at least my car wasn't medieval.
5With hundreds of years of scribal practice behind them, medieval scribes had amassed a treasure chest of symbols.
moat
/ˈmoʊt/
noun
a wide and deep hole, often filled with water, that is dug around a castle and used as an extra protection against attack of enemies
Click to see examples

Examples

1Moats generally manifest themselves in pricing power.
2So these cultural differences can create moats in different countries.
3Moats matter in the long run, not the short run.
4I missed Google's moat.
5Beyond dangerous creatures, his moat also contained pheasants and a rabbit run.
moated
/mˈoʊɾᵻd/
adjective
(of a castle, house, etc.) having a wide and deep hole around, which is often filled with water and is used as a protection against enemy attacks
Click to see examples

Examples

1They were to meet again at the moated grange, Mariana's house.
monument
/ˈmɑnjəmənt/, /ˈmɑnjumənt/
noun
a place or building that is historically important
Click to see examples

Examples

1We need monuments to stupidity.
2- Some monuments have their own victory point conditions.
3A number of them have monuments in the middle.
4Now, of course, the monuments tell a funny story.
5And this monument too had precedents in the Greek period.
motte-and-bailey castle
/mˈɑːtændbˈeɪli kˈæsəl/
noun
an old fortified castle that is surrounded by an outer wall and is located on a small hill

Examples

obelisk
/ˈɑːbəlɪsk/
noun
a tall column made of stone with four sides and a pyramid-like top, used as a monument to honor an important event or person
Click to see examples

Examples

1In yet another mission he had collected a monumental obelisk from the Isle of Filah on the Nile near Aswan.
2And then, even though this is a little bit out of focus, the relationship of the very large tomb to the obelisk and ultimately to the Ara Pacis.
3Can you say obelisk?
4- Can you say obelisk?
5- Parker, can you say obelisk?
plaque
/ˈpɫæk/
noun
a board made of stone, wood, etc. with writings on it, attached to a building to honor an important person or event
Click to see examples

Examples

1He got a plaque.
2I say plaque
3We want that plaque.
4Sir, you have plaque.
5I have my Daddy's plaque.
preservation order
/pɹɪsɚvˈeɪʃən ˈɔːɹdɚ/
noun
an official document prohibiting the destruction or change of an area, building, or tree of historical or artistic importance

Examples

pyramid
/ˈpɪɹəmɪd/
noun
a stone monument built in ancient Egypt usually as a tomb for the pharaohs, which has a triangular or square base that slopes up to the top
Click to see examples

Examples

1Pyramids are canceled.
2Its critics say the group is a pyramid scheme masking as a cult.
3If the company focuses more on recruiting tactics than sales, it may be a pyramid scheme.
4They build pyramids.
5It says pyramid.
remains
/ɹiˈmeɪnz/, /ɹɪˈmeɪnz/
noun
the parts of the objects and structures from ancient times that have survived destruction and been discovered
Click to see examples

Examples

1Now, if we sever the connection to the ground, our rod remains positively charged!
2But even at their most wacky, continuity remains consistently managed.
3Carbon monoxide floods into his mouth and he remains pinned down until his body goes limp.
4Its exact location remains disputed by scholars.
5Chinese spying remains largely cloaked from view.
ruin
/ˈɹuən/, /ˈɹuɪn/
noun
the remains of a building after it has been seriously damaged or destroyed
Click to see examples

Examples

1Also, her flag ruins the otherwise consistent design motif.
2How many washing machines did you ruin?
3- Did the new Avengers Endgame tv spot ruin our Iron Man rescue theory?
4The National museum of Niger The Djado and Djaba city ruins
5The inner critic in your life is ruining your life quite honestly.
tomb
/ˈtum/
noun
an overground or underground grave that is large in size and is often made of stone
Click to see examples

Examples

1The High Duke's tomb is awesome.
2A few days later, two women visited Jesustomb.
3Are we tomb raiders now?
4Today's word is tomb.
5Here is tomb in a sentence from today's program.
to shore up
/ʃˈoːɹ ˈʌp/
verb
to prevent a building or a part of it from falling by putting large pieces of wood or metal under or against it
Click to see examples

Examples

1The government shored up their already large stockpile of medical equipment.
2That he could shore up support by elevating the Czechs and Serbians to joint equals with the Austrians and Hungarians.
3We have to shore up the more fundamental aspects of democracy.
4Crews brought in wooden beams to shore up the school building.
5'Blitz', 'shore up' and 'final sprint'.

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!