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amber
/ˈæmbɝ/
noun
a clear resin of trees that is fossilized, with a yellowish-brown color, used as jewelry
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amethyst
/ˈæmɪθɪst/
noun
a clear semi-precious gemstone that is a crystallized quartz, with a violet to purple range of color
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aquamarine
/ˌɑkwəmɝˈin/
noun
a clear semi-precious gemstone consisting beryllium, with a light blue to green range of color
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coral
/ˈkɔɹəɫ/
noun
a hard substance created by a marine creature of warm waters that ranges from pink to red in color and is used in jewelry
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emerald
/ˈɛmɝɹəɫd/, /ˈɛmɹəɫd/
noun
a precious bright green gemstone, rich in beryllium and chromium
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gem
/ˈdʒɛm/
noun
a precious or semi-precious piece of stone cut and polished to make items of jewelry
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jade
/ˈdʒeɪd/
noun
a semi-precious gemstone that takes a high polish and is green, consisting of jadeite or nephrite
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jewel
/ˈdʒuəɫ/, /ˈdʒuɫ/
noun
a precious or semi-precious piece of stone cut and polished to make items of jewelry
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rhinestone
/ˈɹaɪnˌstoʊn/
noun
an artificial stone made of crystal glass or acrylic to look like diamond, used on clothes and in making cheap jewelry
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opal
/ˈoʊpəɫ/
noun
a semi-precious gemstone that is softer than quartz and its white color shifts under the light, used in jewelry making
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pearl
/ˈpɝɫ/
noun
a hard shiny piece of mass that is shaped like a ball inside the shell of an oyster and is a highly valuable gem
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turquoise
/ˈtɝkwɔɪz/
noun
an opaque semi-precious gemstone containing copper and aluminum phosphate, with a bluish-green color
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ruby
/ˈɹubi/
noun
a precious gemstone consisting of corundum with a color ranged between crimson red and pink
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sapphire
/ˈsæfaɪɝ/
noun
a clear and precious gemstone consisting corundum that is usually blue but comes in many other colors except red
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stone
/ˈstoʊn/
noun
a small piece of rock that is cut and polished to be used in jewelry making
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crystal
/ˈkɹɪstəɫ/
noun
a quartz that is clear with many solid sides formed when a substance is solidified in nature
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stud
/ˈstəd/
noun
a small piece of jewelry with a short metal post that is pierced into a part of the body
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tiara
/tiˈɑɹə/
noun
a piece of jewelry, decorated by gemstones, resembling a small crown worn on the front of the head by women
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brilliant
/ˈbɹɪɫjənt/
noun
a precious gemstone, particularly a diamond, that is cut with numerous facets to reflect light and create a dazzling appearance
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peridot
/ˈpɛɹɪdoʊ/, /ˈpɛɹɪdɔt/
noun
a gemstone that typically ranges in color from yellow-green to olive-green and is composed of the mineral olivine
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moonstone
/ˈmunˌstoʊn/
noun
a type of feldspar mineral that exhibits a unique adularescence effect, giving it a distinct glow or shimmer that appears to move across the surface of the stone
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agate
/ˈæɡət/
noun
a type of chalcedony mineral characterized by its banded patterns and a hardness of 6.5-7 on the Mohs scale
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topaz
/ˈtoʊˌpæz/
noun
a silicate mineral that is valued as a gemstone, typically yellow to yellow-brown in color but can also be blue, green, pink, or clear
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garnet
/ˈɡɑɹnət/
noun
a mineral gemstone that typically exhibits shades of red, but can also appear in other colors such as green, orange, and brown
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citrine
/ˌsɪˈtɹin/
noun
a yellow to brownish quartz that is used as a gemstone
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tourmaline
/ˈtʊɹməˌɫin/
noun
a mineral that typically occurs in various colors and is used as a gemstone in jewelry
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baguette
/ˌbæˈɡɛt/
noun
a type of rectangular-shaped gemstone, typically a diamond, with step-cut facets on the top and sides
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diamond
/ˈdaɪmənd/
noun
a very hard and clear crystal with no color, formed of pure carbon, used as a precious gemstone
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onyx
/ˈɑnɪks/
noun
a black or dark-colored variety of chalcedony, a type of cryptocrystalline quartz, often used as a gemstone or for decorative purposes
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