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nationality
/ˌnæʃəˈnæɫəti/, /ˌnæʃəˈnæɫɪti/
noun
the state of legally belonging to a country
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stereotype
/ˈstɛɹiəˌtaɪp/, /ˈstɛɹioʊˌtaɪp/
noun
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
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Britain
/ˈbɹɪtən/
noun
the island containing England, Scotland, and Wales
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British
/bɹˈɪɾɪʃ/
noun
a person from the United Kingdom
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Briton
/ˈbɹɪtən/
noun
a person who is of British nationality, descent, or origin
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Brit
/ˈbɹɪt/
noun
a person who is of British nationality, descent, or origin
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English
/ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/
noun
the most common language in the world, originating in England but also the official language of America, Canada, Australia, etc.
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Welsh
/wˈɛlʃ/
noun
a person from Wales or someone of Welsh descent
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Gaelic
/ɡˈeɪlɪk/
noun
any of the Celtic languages spoken in Ireland, Scotland, or the Isle of Man
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Scotland
/ˈskɑtɫənd/
noun
a European country in the northern United Kingdom
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Scottish
/skˈɑːɾɪʃ/
adjective
belonging or relating to Scotland, its people, or the Gaelic language
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Scot
/ˈskɑt/
noun
someone who is from Scotland
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Scottish
/skˈɑːɾɪʃ/
noun
a variety of English language spoken in Scotland
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Scottish Gaelic
/skˈɑːɾɪʃ ɡˈeɪlɪk/
noun
a Celtic language spoken in Scotland, primarily in the Scottish Highlands
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Switzerland
/ˈswɪtsɝɫənd/
noun
a country in Western Central Europe, south of Germany
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Swiss
/swˈɪs/
noun
a person from Switzerland or an inhabitant of Switzerland
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French
/fɹˈɛntʃ/
noun
the main language of France that is also spoken in parts of other countries such as Canada, Switzerland, Belgium, etc.
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German
/dʒˈɜːmən/
noun
the main language in Germany, Austria and parts of Switzerland
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Romansh
/ɹˈoʊmænʃ/
noun
one of the four official languages of Switzerland, along with German, French, and Italian
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the Netherlands
/ˈnɛðɝɫəndz/
noun
a country in the North Western Europe, informally known as Holland
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Dutch
/dˈʌtʃ/
noun
the main language in the Netherlands
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Dutch
/dˈʌtʃ/
noun
a person from the Netherlands or of Dutch descent
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Dutchman
/dətʃmən/
noun
a person from the Netherlands or of Dutch decent
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Dutch
/dˈʌtʃ/
adjective
belonging or relating to the Netherlands, its people, and language
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Belgium
/bˈɛldʒəm/
noun
a country in Western Europe bordered by Germany, France, and Luxembourg
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Belgian
/bɛɫdʒən/
adjective
referring to something or someone from or related to Belgium
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Sweden
/swˈiːdən/
noun
a country in Northern Europe and Eastern Scandinavia
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Swedish
/swˈiːdɪʃ/
adjective
belonging or relating to Sweden, its people, and language
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Swede
/ˈswid/
noun
a person from Sweden or of Swedish descent
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Swedish
/swˈiːdɪʃ/
noun
a North Germanic language spoken primarily in Sweden
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Denmark
/dˈɛnmɑːɹk/
noun
a country in Northern Europe in the Scandinavia
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Danish
/dˈeɪnɪʃ/
noun
Denmark's official language
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Dane
/ˈdeɪn/
noun
a person from Denmark or of Danish descent
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Danish
/dˈeɪnɪʃ/
adjective
belonging or relating to Denmark, its people, and language
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Poland
/pˈoʊlənd/
noun
a country in the Central Europe near the Baltic Sea
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Polish
/ˈpɑɫɪʃ/, /ˈpoʊɫɪʃ/
noun
Poland's official language
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Pole
/ˈpoʊɫ/
noun
someone who is from Poland or their family came from Poland
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polish
/ˈpɑɫɪʃ/, /ˈpoʊɫɪʃ/
adjective
referring to something that is related to Poland, its people, language, culture, or products
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Finland
/fˈɪnlənd/
noun
a country in Northern Europe bordered by Norway, Sweden, and Russia
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Finnish
/fˈɪnɪʃ/
noun
one of Finland's official languages
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Finn
/ˈfɪn/
noun
a person from Finland or of Finnish descent
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Finnish
/fˈɪnɪʃ/
adjective
referring to something or someone related to Finland
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Iceland
/ˈaɪsɫənd/
noun
a Nordic island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean, known for its stunning natural landscapes that include glaciers, geysers, hot springs, volcanoes, and waterfalls
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Icelander
/ˈaɪsləndɚ/
noun
a person from Iceland, a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean
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Icelandic
/aɪˈsɫændɪk/
adjective
referring to something or someone from or related to Iceland
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Spain
/ˈspeɪn/
noun
a country in southwest Europe
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Spanish
/spˈænɪʃ/
noun
the main language of Spain and many Southern or Central American countries
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Spanish
/spˈænɪʃ/
adjective
relating to Spain or its people or language
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Turkey
/tˈɜːki/
noun
a country that is mainly in Western Asia with a small part in Southeast Europe
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Turkish
/tˈɜːkɪʃ/
adjective
relating to the country, people, culture, or language of Turkey
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Turkish
/tˈɜːkɪʃ/
noun
the main language of Turkey
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Turk
/ˈtɝk/
noun
someone who is from Turkey or their family came from Turkey
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New Zealand
/nuː ziːlənd/
noun
a sovereign island country located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, known for its stunning landscapes and diverse Maori and European cultures
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New Zealander
/nuː ziːləndɚ/
adjective
referring to something or someone that is of or related to New Zealand
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Maori
/maʊɹi/
noun
an eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Maori people of New Zealand
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Afghanistan
/æfɡˈænɪstˌæn/
noun
a country in Central Asia between Iran and Pakistan
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Afghanistan
/æfɡænɪstɑːni/
noun
a native or inhabitant of Afghanistan
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Afghan
/ˈæfɡæn/
noun
someone who is a native or citizen of Afghanistan
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Pashto
/pˈæʃtoʊ/
noun
one of the Afghanistan's official languages, which is also the second most-used language in Pakistan
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Dari
/dɑːɹi/
noun
a dialect of the Persian language that is primarily spoken in Afghanistan
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Argentina
/ˌɑɹdʒənˈtinə/
noun
a country that is in the southern part of South America
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Argentine
/ˈɑɹdʒənˌtin/
adjective
relating to Argentina or its people
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Argentinian
/ˌɑːɹdʒɪntˈɪniən/
adjective
relating to the country, people, culture, or language of Argentina
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Peru
/pɝˈu/
noun
a country in western South America
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Peruvian
/pɝˈuviən/
adjective
referring to anything or anyone that is related to or originates from Peru
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Quechua
/kwɛtʃjuːə/
noun
a family of languages generally spoken by the indigenous people of Peruvian Andes, which is recognized as an official language in Peru and Ecuador
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Aymara
/aɪmˈɑːɹɹə/
noun
an indigenous language primarily spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes region in South America, particularly in Bolivia, Peru, and Chile
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encroaching
/ɪnˈkɹoʊtʃɪŋ/
adjective
describing something that is gradually and subtly intruding upon or taking over something else, often to the point of causing harm or damage
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robustly
/ˌɹoʊˈbəstɫi/
adverb
in a way that is strong, sturdy, or capable of withstanding force or pressure
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concession
/kənˈsɛʃən/
noun
a contractual agreement that grants a company or individual the right to operate a subsidiary business, such as a store or a kiosk, within the premises of another business or organization
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to bombard
/bɑmˈbɑɹd/
verb
to continuously expose someone to something, such as information, questions, or criticisms
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kin
/ˈkɪn/
noun
a person's family and relatives
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to venture
/ˈvɛntʃɝ/
verb
to undertake a risky or daring journey or course of action
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diminutive
/dɪˈmɪnjətɪv/
adjective
much smaller than what is normal
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stature
/ˈstætʃɝ/
noun
the height of a person or animal when standing upright
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to pinpoint
/ˈpɪnˌpɔɪnt/
verb
to precisely locate or identify something or someone
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accurately
/ˈækjɝətɫi/
adverb
in a way that has no errors or mistakes
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jaded
/ˈdʒeɪdəd/, /ˈdʒeɪdɪd/
adjective
worn out or tired, especially after excessive work or activity
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to renounce
/ɹɪˈnaʊns/
verb
to reject or disown something previously accepted or claimed, often in a formal or public manner
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gambit
/ˈɡæmbɪt/
noun
a strategic action or remark that is used to gain an advantage, particularly in the early stages of a situation, game, conversation, etc.
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frisson
/fɹiːsˈɔ̃/
noun
a sudden, intense, and pleasurable feeling of excitement, shiver, fear, or thrill, often accompanied by a tingling sensation on the skin
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to stalk
/ˈstɔk/
verb
to follow, watch, or pursue someone persistently and often secretly, causing them fear or discomfort
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stomping / stamping ground
phrase
a familiar place or location, particularly one where someone often goes to or spends time in
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