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ball change
/bˈɔːl tʃˈeɪndʒ/
noun
a dance step in jazz, tap, and hip hop where the dancer shifts weight from one foot's ball to the other, often with a change in direction or rhythm
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box step
/bˈɑːks stˈɛp/
noun
a basic partner dance step in foxtrot, waltz, and salsa, characterized by a square or rectangular pattern consisting of side, back, side, and forward steps
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closed position
/klˈoʊzd pəzˈɪʃən/
noun
a dance stance in partner dancing where the dancers maintain physical contact and dance facing each other, typically used in ballroom dance styles such as waltz and foxtrot
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do-si-do
/dˈuːsˈiːdˈuː/
noun
a square-dance figure; two dancers approach each other and circle back to back before returning to their original places
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double reverse spin
/dˈʌbəl ɹɪvˈɜːs spˈɪn/
noun
a ballroom dance move with clockwise and counter-clockwise rotations while taking two steps back and two steps forward, used in waltz, foxtrot, and other dances
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feather step
/fˈɛðɚ stˈɛp/
noun
a ballroom dance move with a forward step, closing step, and side step, used in waltz, foxtrot, and other dances
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floss
/ˈfɫɑs/
noun
a hip hop dance move with rapid hip and arm swings in opposite directions, often seen in street dance styles
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telemark
/tˈɛlɪmˌɑːɹk/
noun
a ballroom dance figure with a forward step, closing step, and backward step, often used in waltz and foxtrot
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gancho
/ɡˈæntʃoʊ/
noun
a leg hooking or wrapping action used in partner dancing, particularly in tango and Latin dances
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grapevine
/ˈɡɹeɪpˌvaɪn/
noun
a sidestep-cross-step pattern often used in various dance styles, characterized by a flowing or weaving motion
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heel turn
/hˈiːl tˈɜːn/
noun
a dance step that involves pivoting or rotating on the heel, used for changing direction or adding a turning element in dance
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impetus
/ˈɪmpətəs/
noun
a forceful turn or spin in dance, often used in partner dances like waltz and foxtrot
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moonwalk
/mˈuːnwɔːk/
noun
a kind of dance step in which the dancer seems to be sliding on the spot
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lock step
/lˈɑːk stˈɛp/
noun
a dance step where the feet cross in front or behind each other in a tightly connected manner
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kick-step
/kˈɪkstˈɛp/
noun
a dance move commonly used in jazz or hip-hop dance styles where one foot is kicked forward followed by a quick step onto that same foot
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jazz hands
/dʒˈæz hˈændz/
noun
a dance or theater gesture where hands are spread wide with fingers open and palms facing forward, often associated with jazz or musical theater performances
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accent
/ˈækˌsɛnt/, /əkˈsɛnt/
noun
a sharp or emphasized movement that highlights a specific beat or musical element in a choreography
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shimmy
/ˈʃɪmi/
noun
lively dancing (usually to ragtime music) with much shaking of the shoulders and hips
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promenade
/ˌpɹɑməˈneɪd/
noun
a square dance figure; couples march counterclockwise in a circle
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forced arch
/fˈoːɹst ˈɑːɹtʃ/
noun
when a dancer creates a pronounced arch in the foot by bending the ankle joint while keeping the foot pointed
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body isolation
/bˈɑːdi ˌaɪsəlˈeɪʃən/
noun
a dance technique where specific body parts are moved or controlled independently from the rest, allowing for isolated movements of one part while keeping others still
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frame
/ˈfɹeɪm/
noun
the physical alignment and positioning of the body, particularly in partner dances such as ballroom, Latin, or social dances
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pivot turn
/pˈɪvət tˈɜːn/
noun
a dance step where one foot stays in place while the other foot rotates or spins, commonly used in ballet, jazz, modern, or ballroom dances
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fan kick
/fˈæn kˈɪk/
noun
a sweeping leg extension resembling the opening of a fan, used in ballet, jazz, or contemporary dance for its visual appeal and expressiveness
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twerk
/twˈɜːk/
noun
a dance move characterized by rapid, repeated hip thrusts and shaking of the buttocks
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choreography
/ˌkɔɹiˈɑɡɹəfi/
noun
a show involving artistic dancing
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glide
/ˈɡɫaɪd/
noun
the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it
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grand chain
/ɡɹˈænd tʃˈeɪn/
noun
a dance figure in ballet or folk dances where dancers perform a linked chain of turns or steps in a circular or straight pattern
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to keep step
/kˈiːp stˈɛp/
verb
maintain the same pace
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phrase
/ˈfɹeɪz/
noun
dance movements that are linked in a single choreographic sequence
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shuffle
/ˈʃəfəɫ/
noun
walking with a slow dragging motion without lifting your feet
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Cabbage Patch
/kˈæbɪdʒ pˈætʃ/
noun
a dance move that gained popularity in the 1980s, characterized by bouncing and twisting movements, often with arms extended and hands making a "C" shape
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Dougie
/ˈduɡi/
noun
a hip hop dance move characterized by swaying body motions and arm movements, typically performed to hip hop or rap music
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