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abbreviation

abbreviation

/əˌbɹiviˈeɪʃən/
noun
the shortened form of a word, etc.
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Examples

Using the same abbreviation is confusing.

It's not an abbreviation we use.

So that's our little abbreviation there.

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active voice

active voice

/ˈæktɪv vˈɔɪs/
noun
(grammar) the voice in which the subject is the agent that does the action of the verb
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Examples

Now imagine that he had followed the advice to convert the passage to the active voice.

They say, for example: "Use the active voice.

How can we change the sentence to be active voice?

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adverbial

adverbial

/ædˈvɝbiəɫ/
noun
(grammar) a word or phrase that adds more information to another word in sense of time, manner, degree or cause
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Examples

This style of inversion is more common in speech with words like here, and there and small adverbials.

So this is a noun phrase, an adjective phrase and an adverbial phrase.

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apostrophe

apostrophe

/əˈpɑstɹəˌfi/
noun
the symbol ' used in writing to show possession or omission of letters or numbers
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Examples

So in this example, this apostrophe is OK.

And it also knows that this apostrophe is just a character.

But there was a big controversy and some people said it should be D apostrophe O H.

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article

article

/ˈɑɹtəkəɫ/, /ˈɑɹtɪkəɫ/
noun
(grammar) any type of determiner that shows whether we are referring to a particular thing or a general example of something
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Examples

She saw no alternatives until she read a magazine article about Jesse Sullivan and his bionic arm.

And I try to write articles. '

I'm behind on Patreon stuff again because I have to write articles but it takes forever.

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auxiliary verb

auxiliary verb

/ɔːksˈɪliəɹi vˈɜːb/
noun
a verb that is used with other verbs to indicate tense, voice, etc., such as do, have, and be
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Examples

When there's no auxiliary verb, we make a question using 'do'.

They are constructed by using an auxiliary verb from the main verb phrase and a pronoun referring to the subject.

Imperatives have no auxiliary verb.

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clause

clause

/ˈkɫɔz/
noun
(grammar) a group of words containing a subject and a verb, usually part of a sentence
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Examples

The school declined to comment to CNBC, citing a confidentiality clause.

But the contracts clause of the U.S. Constitution prohibits states from impairing the obligation of contracts.

The Constitution also contains a fugitive slave clause requiring any escaped slave to be returned to their master.

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conjunction

conjunction

/kənˈdʒəŋkʃən/
noun
(grammar) a word such as and, because, but, and or that connects phrases, sentences, or words
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Examples

It was created by Congress in 1968 in conjunction with AT&T in a public private partnership.

Photoresists aren’t very useful by themselves, but are super powerful when used in conjunction with a photomask.

But a semicolon can replace a conjunction to shorten a sentence or to give it some variety.

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contraction

contraction

/kənˈtɹækʃən/
noun
a short form of a word or a group of words used instead of the full form
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Examples

But a growth moderation does not necessarily equal a growth contraction or a recession.

But the contraction wasn't formally announced until December 2008.

and they kind of have another contraction.

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determiner

determiner

/dɪtˈɜːmɪnɚ/
noun
(grammar) a word coming before a noun or noun phrase to specify its denotation
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Examples

This stands in stark contrast to the picture we get from Camus, who said that we are all the determiners of the value of our own lives.

Determiners help us figure out which specific instance of a specific noun we're talking about.

There's one theory of syntax that actually argues there are determiner phrases as well as noun phrases.

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exclamation mark

exclamation mark

/ɛksklɐmˈeɪʃən mˈɑːɹk/
noun
the symbol ! that marks an interjection, which is a word or phrase indicating surprise, anger, excitement, etc.
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Examples

He's flagged it up as a super high priority with two exclamation marks.

And then, you see this little exclamation mark?

So I finally decide to go with "hey," exclamation mark.

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grammatical

grammatical

/ɡɹəˈmætəkəɫ/, /ɡɹəˈmætɪkəɫ/
adjective
connected to the rules or the study of grammar
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Examples

Typos and grammatical errors don’t.

Maybe that's why we toss these punctuation marks around like grammatical confetti.

Language is full of such grammatical promises, like either-ors or if-thens.

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imperative verb

imperative verb

/ɪmpˈɛɹətˌɪv vˈɜːb/
noun
(grammar) a verb or verb phrase that expresses an order to do something

Examples

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intonation

intonation

/ˌɪntəˈneɪʃən/
noun
(phonetics) the rising and falling of the voice when speaking
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Examples

This is known as intonation instead of tone.

My intonation drops off, I drop energy.

This process is called melodic intonation therapy.

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intransitive verb

intransitive verb

/ɪntɹˈænsɪtˌɪv vˈɜːb/
noun
(grammar) a verb without a direct object
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Examples

But in this case, "arise" is an intransitive verb.

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transitive verb

transitive verb

/tɹˈænsɪtˌɪv vˈɜːb/
noun
(grammar) a verb that needs a direct object
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Examples

Well, here's the example of transitive verb: "I love".

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part of speech

part of speech

/pˈɑːɹt ʌv spˈiːtʃ/
noun
(grammar) any of the grammatical classes that words are categorized into, based on their usage in a sentence
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Examples

Be confident with the parts of speech and build on them and pay particular attention to tenses.

Syllables are stressed differently and it's actually a really important part of speech

Number one are parts of speech.

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passive voice

passive voice

/pˈæsɪv vˈɔɪs/
noun
(in grammar) the form of a verb used when the grammatical subject is affected by the action of the verb, rather than performing it
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Examples

Well another contributor to zombie prose, is the passive voice.

Yes, it uses the passive voice to advise against the passive voice.

The mainstream conversation about the subject uses passive voice all over the place.

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period

period

/ˈpɪɹiəd/
noun
the symbol . used to mark the end of a sentence or an abbreviation
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Examples

The market value rises to $500,000 over a 5-year period.

There's no periods, there's no commas, it's too long.

But first period started, I had theater, I think it was about 30 minutes or so

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prefix

prefix

/ˈpɹifɪks/
noun
(grammar) a letter or a set of letters that are added to the beginning of a word to alter its meaning and make a new word
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Examples

And, you know, the word 'dis-', the prefix...

And if they point toward opposite faces of the ring, we add the prefix trans-.

Prop is our prefix.

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suffix

suffix

/ˈsəfɪks/
noun
(grammar) a letter or a set of letters that are added to the end of a word to alter its meaning and make a new word
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Examples

So it actually, the suffix of the word will involve the alcohol part.

I had them agree with the nouns in person and number and also had these suffixes for derivation.

And we know that they are smaller pipes because of the diminutive suffix, "-ette."

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reflexive

reflexive

/ɹəˈfɫɛksɪv/
adjective
(grammar) describing a word that indicates that the action of the verb affects the agent performing it
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Examples

So online learning just wasn't a reflexive component to how I learned over my career.

Finally, the personal pronoun them becomes the reflexive pronoun, themselves.

But, when do you use reflexive pronouns?

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relative

relative

/ˈɹɛɫətɪv/
adjective
(grammar) referring to a noun, clause or sentence that has come before
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Examples

They live together in relative harmony, producing 80 percent of the world's opals.

That gives me the encouragement that this is economic today relative to mining.

So we are in relative terms, we are better off.

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to quote

to quote

/ˈkwoʊt/
verb
to say or repeat the exact sentence or group of words someone else used in a movie, book, etc.
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Examples

And then a couple of days later or the next day I quote tweeted it

You're gonna quote me, yes, that's not how that works.

[2] Quoted in Jackson J. Spielvogel, Western Civilization 7th ed.

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proper noun

proper noun

/pɹˈɑːpɚ nˈaʊn/
noun
(grammar) the name of a place, person, country, etc. with its first letter capitalized
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Examples

- I think this is a proper noun.

You can use a proper noun or a pronoun.

So common nouns and proper nouns refer to people, places, things, ideas.

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common noun

common noun

/kˈɑːmən nˈaʊn/
noun
(grammar) a noun that refers to an object or a concept of a class but not to a particular one
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Examples

Let’s, for example, take a common noun, cup.

So common nouns and proper nouns refer to people, places, things, ideas.

That's a common noun.

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quotation mark

quotation mark

/kwoʊtˈeɪʃən mˈɑːɹk/
noun
either of the symbols " " or ' ' used before and after a word or words to indicate the beginning and the end of a title or quoted remark, or to mark a jargon
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Examples

Notice the quotation marks in the air.

Because I start my string with a single quotation mark.

So it says, look let's not end the string until we get to another single quotation mark.

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object

object

/ˈɑbdʒɛkt/, /əbˈdʒɛkt/
noun
(grammar) a noun or noun phrase that is affected by the action of the verb, or is followed by a preposition
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Examples

Soon after, lenses to help people see distant objects became common.

So, you know those videos about cakes that look like actual objects.

Not an object for you to observe.

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abstract noun

abstract noun

/ˈæbstɹækt nˈaʊn/
noun
(grammar) a noun that denotes a general quality or an idea, rather than a physical object or real world event
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Examples

Now let's move on to abstract nouns.

They're abstract nouns in English.

Remember the abstract noun we talked about a few minutes ago.

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accent

accent

/ˈækˌsɛnt/, /əkˈsɛnt/
noun
an emphasis given to a particular syllable of a word, part of a sentence, or note in a set of musical notes
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Examples

Alright, what's their stance on people with deaf accents and speech impediments?

There were a few people it couldn't understand because of deep accents, but...

" This is my Southern accent coming out right now.

great

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