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abbreviation
/əˌbɹiviˈeɪʃən/
noun
the shortened form of a word, etc.
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active voice
/ˈæktɪv vˈɔɪs/
noun
(grammar) the voice in which the subject is the agent that does the action of the verb
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adverbial
/ædˈvɝbiəɫ/
noun
(grammar) a word or phrase that adds more information to another word in sense of time, manner, degree or cause
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apostrophe
/əˈpɑstɹəˌfi/
noun
the symbol ' used in writing to show possession or omission of letters or numbers
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article
/ˈɑɹtəkəɫ/, /ˈɑɹtɪkəɫ/
noun
(grammar) any type of determiner that shows whether we are referring to a particular thing or a general example of something
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auxiliary verb
/ɔːksˈɪliəɹi vˈɜːb/
noun
a verb that is used with other verbs to indicate tense, voice, etc., such as do, have, and be
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clause
/ˈkɫɔz/
noun
(grammar) a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and functions as a unit within a sentence
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conjunction
/kənˈdʒəŋkʃən/
noun
(grammar) a word such as and, because, but, and or that connects phrases, sentences, or words
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contraction
/kənˈtɹækʃən/
noun
a short form of a word or a group of words used instead of the full form
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determiner
/dɪtˈɜːmɪnɚ/
noun
(grammar) a word coming before a noun or noun phrase to specify its denotation
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exclamation mark
/ɛksklɐmˈeɪʃən mˈɑːɹk/
noun
the symbol ! that marks an interjection, which is a word or phrase indicating surprise, anger, excitement, etc.
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grammatical
/ɡɹəˈmætəkəɫ/, /ɡɹəˈmætɪkəɫ/
adjective
connected to the rules or the study of grammar
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imperative verb
/ɪmpˈɛɹətˌɪv vˈɜːb/
noun
(grammar) a verb or verb phrase that expresses an order to do something
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intonation
/ˌɪntəˈneɪʃən/
noun
(phonetics) the rising and falling of the voice when speaking
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intransitive verb
/ɪntɹˈænsɪtˌɪv vˈɜːb/
noun
(grammar) a verb without a direct object
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transitive verb
/tɹˈænsɪtˌɪv vˈɜːb/
noun
(grammar) a verb that needs a direct object
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part of speech
phrase
(grammar) any of the grammatical classes that words are categorized into, based on their usage in a sentence
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passive voice
/pˈæsɪv vˈɔɪs/
noun
(in grammar) the form of a verb used when the grammatical subject is affected by the action of the verb, rather than performing it
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period
/ˈpɪɹiəd/
noun
the symbol . used to mark the end of a sentence or an abbreviation
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prefix
/ˈpɹifɪks/
noun
(grammar) a letter or a set of letters that are added to the beginning of a word to alter its meaning and make a new word
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suffix
/ˈsəfɪks/
noun
(grammar) a letter or a set of letters that are added to the end of a word to alter its meaning and make a new word
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reflexive
/ɹəˈfɫɛksɪv/
adjective
(grammar) describing a word that indicates that the action of the verb affects the agent performing it
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relative
/ˈɹɛɫətɪv/
adjective
(grammar) referring to a noun, clause or sentence that has come before
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to quote
/ˈkwoʊt/
verb
to say or repeat the exact sentence or group of words someone else used in a movie, book, etc.
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proper noun
/pɹˈɑːpɚ nˈaʊn/
noun
(grammar) the name of a place, person, country, etc. with its first letter capitalized
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common noun
/kˈɑːmən nˈaʊn/
noun
(grammar) a noun that refers to an object or a concept of a class but not to a particular one
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quotation mark
/kwoʊtˈeɪʃən mˈɑːɹk/
noun
either of the symbols " " or ' ' used before and after a word or words to indicate the beginning and the end of a title or quoted remark, or to mark a jargon
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object
/ˈɑbdʒɛkt/, /əbˈdʒɛkt/
noun
(grammar) a noun or noun phrase that is affected by the action of the verb, or is followed by a preposition
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abstract noun
/ˈæbstɹækt nˈaʊn/
noun
(grammar) a noun that denotes a general quality or an idea, rather than a physical object or real world event
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accent
/ˈækˌsɛnt/, /əkˈsɛnt/
noun
an emphasis given to a particular syllable of a word, part of a sentence, or note in a set of musical notes
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