Achilles tendon

Achilles tendon

/ɐkˈɪliːz tˈɛndən/
noun
a tendon in the leg that attaches the muscles of the calf to the bone of the heel

Examples

adenoid

adenoid

/ˈædəˌnɔɪd/
noun
(usually plural) each of the pair of large lymphoid tissues high up in the throat and behind the nose that have to be removed if swollen

Examples

adrenaline

adrenaline

/əˈdɹɛnəɫən/
noun
a body hormone produced in case of anger, fear, or excitement that makes the heart beat faster and the body react quicker

Examples

anatomy

anatomy

/əˈnætəmi/
noun
the human body

Examples

antibody

antibody

/ˈæntiˌbɑdi/, /ˈæntɪˌbɑdi/
noun
a blood protein produced to fight diseases or infections, or in response to foreign substances in the body

Examples

anus

anus

/ˈeɪnəs/
noun
a hole at the end of an animal or human's body from which the faeces leaves the body

Examples

aorta

aorta

/eɪˈɔɹtə/
noun
the main artery that carries highly oxygenated blood from the heart, which has circulated through the lungs, to the rest of the body

Examples

appendix

appendix

/əˈpɛndɪks/
noun
a sack of tissue that is attached to the large intestine and is surgically removed if infected

Examples

artery

artery

/ˈɑɹtɝi/
noun
any blood vessel, carrying the blood to different organs of body from the heart

Examples

auricle

auricle

/ˈɔːɹɪkəl/
noun
(anatomy) either of the two cavities of the upper part of the heart that pass blood to the ventricles

Examples

bile

bile

/ˈbaɪɫ/
noun
a greenish-brown alkaline fluid that is produced by the liver in order to help the body digest fats

Examples

bile duct

bile duct

/bˈaɪl dˈʌkt/
noun
the tube that carries bile from the liver or the gall bladder to the first segment of the small intestine, also known as duodenum

Examples

bladder

bladder

/ˈbɫædɝ/
noun
a sac-like organ inside the body where urine is stored before being passed

Examples

blood

blood

/ˈbɫəd/
noun
the red liquid that the heart pumps through the body, carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the tissues

Examples

bloodstream

bloodstream

/ˈbɫədˌstɹim/
noun
the blood that circulates through the body

Examples

blood vessel

blood vessel

/blˈʌd vˈɛsəl/
noun
any tube structure inside the body through which blood can circulate, such as a vein, artery, etc.

Examples

bone

bone

/ˈboʊn/
noun
any of the hard pieces making up the skeleton in humans and some animals

Examples

bone marrow

bone marrow

/bˈoʊn mˈæɹoʊ/
noun
the soft substance that fills the cavities of bones, which is either yellowish and consists of fat cells or reddish and makes blood cells

Examples

bowel

bowel

/ˈbaʊəɫ/
noun
(usually plural) the tube in the body through which digested food passes from the stomach to the anus

Examples

brain

brain

/ˈbɹeɪn/
noun
the organ that is inside our head controlling how we think, feel, move, etc.

Examples

breath

breath

/ˈbɹɛθ/
noun
the air taken into or sent out from the lungs

Examples

breathing

breathing

/ˈbɹiðɪŋ/
noun
the action of taking air into the lungs and sending it out again

Examples

canal

canal

/kəˈnæɫ/
noun
a tubular passage in the body through which air, liquid or food can pass

Examples

capillary

capillary

/ˈkæpəˌɫɛɹi/
noun
(anatomy) any of the small and thin-walled branching blood vessels that connect the arterioles and venules

Examples

cartilage

cartilage

/ˈkɑɹtəɫədʒ/, /ˈkɑɹtəɫɪdʒ/
noun
an elastic tissue that supports or connects joints in an infant and turns into skeleton during growth

Examples

cell

cell

/ˈsɛɫ/
noun
(biology) an organism's smallest unit, capable of functioning on its own

Examples

cervix

cervix

/ˈsɝvɪks/
noun
(technical) the part in a human or animal body that connects the head to the torso

Examples

circulation

circulation

/ˈsɝkjəˌɫeɪʃən/
noun
the flow and movement of blood around and in all parts of the body

Examples

cochlea

cochlea

/ˈkɑkɫiə/
noun
(anatomy) a spiral cavity in the inner ear that contains sensory organs which send nerve signals to the brain in response to vibrations

Examples

colon

colon

/ˈkoʊɫən/
noun
(anatomy) the main part of the large intestine, between the caecum to the rectum, where water is removed from solid waste

Examples

cortex

cortex

/ˈkɔɹtɛks/
noun
(anatomy) the outer layer of the anterior part of the brain, called cerebrum, containing gray matter

Examples

disc

disc

/ˈdɪsk/
noun
a rounded cartilage between the spinal bones

Examples

duct

duct

/ˈdəkt/
noun
a tubular passage in the body through which liquid, such as tears or bile, can pass

Examples

ear canal

ear canal

/ˈɪɹ kənˈæl/
noun
the passage through which sound is carried from the outer ear to the tympanic membrane

Examples

eardrum

eardrum

/ˈɪɹdɹəm/
noun
a thin piece of skin in the middle ear that vibrates by sound waves and enables one to hear sounds, also known as tympanic membrane

Examples

fiber

fiber

/ˈfaɪbɝ/
noun
any strand of muscle or nervous tissues

Examples

ganglion

ganglion

/ˈɡæŋɡɫiɑn/
noun
(anatomy) a mass of neurons that form a nerve center in the body outside the brain or spinal cord

Examples

gland

gland

/ˈɡɫænd/
noun
an organ in the body that produces certain chemical substances to be used in the body or to be discharged into the surroundings

Examples

gullet

gullet

/ˈɡəɫət/
noun
the duct through which food is passed from the throat to the stomach

Examples

gut

gut

/ˈɡət/
noun
the lower part of the digestive tract between the stomach and the rectum

Examples

hamstring

hamstring

/ˈhæmˌstɹɪŋ/
noun
(anatomy) one of the five tendons at the back of someone's knee

Examples

heart

heart

/ˈhɑɹt/
noun
the organ that pumps blood around the body, located in the chest

Examples

hemisphere

hemisphere

/ˈhɛmɪsˌfɪɹ/
noun
either the left or right side of the brain, or the cerebrum

Examples

hormone

hormone

/ˈhɔɹˌmoʊn/
noun
a chemical substance produced in the body of living things influencing growth and affecting the functionality of cells or tissues

Examples

hypothalamus

hypothalamus

/ˌhaɪpoʊˈθɑɫəməs/
noun
(anatomy) a region in the central lower part of the brain that is responsible for autonomic nervous system and the release of hormones

Examples

gallbladder

gallbladder

/ˈɡɔɫˌbɫædɝ/
noun
a sac-like organ in which the body stores bile to be used later for digestion

Examples

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!