abductor

abductor

/æbˈdəktɝ/, /əbˈdəktɝ/
noun
(anatomy) a muscle that moves a part of the body away from its normal position by contraction

Examples

backbone

backbone

/ˈbækˌboʊn/
noun
the row of small bones that are joined together down the middle of the back

Examples

biceps

biceps

/ˈbaɪˌsɛps/
noun
the large muscle at the front of the upper part of the arm, which flexes the forearm

Examples

breastbone

breastbone

/bɹˈɛstboʊn/
noun
a long flat bone at the center of the chest that connects the ribs and the shoulder girdle

Examples

cheekbone

cheekbone

/ˈtʃikˌboʊn/
noun
the bone that is just below the eye

Examples

ciliary body

ciliary body

/sˈɪliəɹi bˈɑːdi/
noun
(anatomy) the structure that encloses the inner surface of the eye which consists of the muscle which makes the eye move

Examples

clavicle

clavicle

/ˈkɫævəkəɫ/, /ˈkɫævɪkəɫ/
noun
(anatomy) a bone of the shoulder girdle that connects the breastbone to the shoulder bone

Examples

coccyx

coccyx

/kˈɑːkɪks/
noun
(anatomy) the small triangular bone at the end of the spinal column in humans or tailless primates

Examples

collarbone

collarbone

/ˈkɑɫɝˌboʊn/
noun
either of the pair of bones that go across the top of the chest from the base of the neck to the shoulders

Examples

cranium

cranium

/ˈkɹeɪˌniəm/
noun
(anatomy) the bone structure that surrounds and protects the brain

Examples

deltoid

deltoid

/dˈɛltɔɪd/
noun
(anatomy) a large muscle, triangular in shape that covers the shoulder joint and helps the arm to abduct and rotate

Examples

diaphragm

diaphragm

/ˈdaɪəˌfɹæm/
noun
(anatomy) the muscular body partition that separates the chest and abdomen

Examples

extensor

extensor

/ɛkstˈɛnsɚ/
noun
(anatomy) a muscle that helps a body part or limb be stretched out by contraction

Examples

femur

femur

/ˈfimɝ/
noun
(anatomy) the longest bone in the top part of the human leg between the hip and the knee

Examples

fibula

fibula

/ˈfɪbjəɫə/
noun
(anatomy) the outer and narrower of the two bones between the ankle and the knee

Examples

flexor

flexor

/flˈɛksɚ/
noun
(anatomy) a muscle that allows one to bend a limb or body part by contraction

Examples

humerus

humerus

/ˈhjumɝəs/
noun
(anatomy) a long bone in the arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow

Examples

jawbone

jawbone

/ˈdʒɔˌboʊn/
noun
either of the bones that form the jaw, particularly the lower jaw

Examples

kneecap

kneecap

/ˈniˌkæp/
noun
a small bone that covers the front of the knee joint

Examples

mandible

mandible

/ˈmændəbəɫ/, /ˈmændɪbəɫ/
noun
(anatomy) (zoology) either half of the jawbone, especially the lower jawbone that helps a vertebrate open and close its mouth

Examples

metatarsal

metatarsal

/mˌɛɾətˈɑːɹsəl/
noun
(anatomy) any of the five bones of the foot between the ankle and the toes

Examples

muscle

muscle

/ˈməsəɫ/
noun
a piece of body tissue that is made tight or relaxed when we want to move a particular part of our body

Examples

musculature

musculature

/ˈməskjəɫətʃɝ/
noun
(biology) the overall arrangement or the system of muscles in a human or an animal's body

Examples

occipital bone

occipital bone

/ˈɑːksɪpˌɪɾəl bˈoʊn/
noun
(anatomy) the trapezoidal bone that is at the base and lower back of the cranium, though which the spinal cord passes

Examples

patella

patella

/pəˈtɛɫə/
noun
(anatomy) a small bone triangular in shape that covers and protects the front part of the knee joint

Examples

pelvis

pelvis

/ˈpɛɫvəs/
noun
(anatomy) the large round bone structure that the limbs and the spine are joined to, which also protects the abdominal organs

Examples

quadriceps

quadriceps

/ˈkwɑdɹəˌsɛps/
noun
(anatomy) any of the four large muscles at the front of the thigh that allow the knee joint to stretch

Examples

quad

quad

/ˈkwɑd/
noun
a muscle at the front of the thigh that helps the knee joint stretch

Examples

radius

radius

/ˈɹeɪdiəs/
noun
(anatomy) the larger and thicker bone of the human forearm extending from the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist

Examples

rib

rib

/ˈɹɪb/
noun
each of the curved bones surrounding the chest to protect the organs inside

Examples

ribcage

ribcage

/ɹˈɪbkeɪdʒ/
noun
(anatomy) the bony structure in the chest formed by the ribs which protects organs in the thoracic cavity

Examples

sacrum

sacrum

/sˈeɪkɹəm/
noun
(anatomy) a large bone at the lower part of the spinal column between the two hip bones of the pelvis

Examples

scapula

scapula

/ˈskæpjəɫə/
noun
(anatomy) each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the humerus to the clavicle

Examples

shin bone

shin bone

/ʃˈɪn bˈoʊn/
noun
the inner and larger bone of the pair of bones between the ankle and the knee

Examples

shoulder blade

shoulder blade

/ʃˈoʊldɚ blˈeɪd/
noun
each of the pair of triangular bones that connect the upper arm bone with the collar bone

Examples

sinew

sinew

/sˈɪnjuː/
noun
an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

Examples

skeleton

skeleton

/ˈskɛɫətən/
noun
the structure of bones supporting the body of an animal or a person

Examples

skull

skull

/ˈskəɫ/
noun
the bony structure that surrounds and provides protection for a person's or animal's brain

Examples

sphincter

sphincter

/ˈsfɪŋktɝ/
noun
(anatomy) a ring of muscle that can open or close an opening, such as anus, in the body

Examples

spine

spine

/ˈspaɪn/
noun
the row of small bones that are joined together down the center of the back of the body

Examples

sternum

sternum

/stˈɜːnəm/
noun
(anatomy) a long flat bone at the center of the chest that connects the ribs to the shoulder girdle

Examples

tail bone

tail bone

/tˈeɪl bˈoʊn/
noun
the small triangular bone at the end of the spinal column in humans or tailless primates

Examples

tarsal

tarsal

/tˈɑːɹsəl/
noun
(anatomy) any of the cluster of seven small bones in the foot between the ankle and upper foot

Examples

tendon

tendon

/ˈtɛndən/
noun
(anatomy) an elastic cord or band that connects a muscle to a bone

Examples

thighbone

thighbone

/θˈaɪboʊn/
noun
the longest bone in the human skeleton which is between the hip and the knee

Examples

tibia

tibia

/ˈtɪbiə/, /ˈtɪbjə/
noun
(anatomy) the inner and larger of the two bones between the ankle and the knee

Examples

triceps

triceps

/ˈtɹaɪˌsɛps/
noun
(anatomy) the three-headed muscle of the arm that functions as the extensor of the elbow joint

Examples

ulna

ulna

/ˈʌlnə/
noun
(anatomy) the thinner and longer bone of the human forearm extending from the elbow to the wrist

Examples

vertebra

vertebra

/ˈvɝtəbɹə/
noun
(anatomy) any of the bony segments and cartilages of the spinal column

Examples

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!