acid house

acid house

/ˈæsɪd hˈaʊs/
noun
a subgenre of house music first developed in the US, marked with a fast steady beat and distorted synthesized sound effects, especially popular among those who take psychedelic drugs

Examples

avant-garde music

avant-garde music

/ˈævəntɡˈɑːɹd mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
music that rejects the conventional forms and introduces new and progressive themes

Examples

baroque music

baroque music

/bɚɹˈoʊk mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a period of European music in the 17th and 18th centuries during which distinguished composers such as Vivaldi, Bach, etc. created their compositions

Examples

bhangra

bhangra

/ˈbɑŋɡɹə/
noun
‌a type of dance music that combines elements of traditional Punjabi music with Western reggae and jungle

Examples

bluegrass

bluegrass

/ˈbɫuˌɡɹæs/
noun
a type of country music that uses unamplified stringed instruments such as banjos, guitars, etc. and is usually high-pitched

Examples

blues

blues

/ˈbɫuz/
noun
a type of folk music with strong rhythms and a melancholic atmosphere, first developed by the African American community in the Southern US

Examples

boogie

boogie

/ˈbuɡi/, /ˈbʊɡi/
noun
an instrumental version of blues with a fast strong beat, played on the piano

Examples

bossa nova

bossa nova

/bˈɔsə nˈoʊvə/
noun
a type of Brazilian popular music that is derived from samba but is more melodic, popular in the 1960s

Examples

calypso

calypso

/kəˈɫɪpˌsoʊ/
noun
a type of Caribbean music marked with syncopated African rhythm and improvised words that satirize a current event or local figures, originally from Trinidad and Tobago

Examples

chamber music

chamber music

/tʃˈeɪmbɚ mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
an instrumental ensemble intended to be performed in a small room or auditorium in which one performer plays in each part, especially the string quartet of the 18th century

Examples

chill-out music

chill-out music

/tʃˈɪlˈaʊt mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a type of electronic downtempo music that is supposed to make the audience calm and relaxed

Examples

choral music

choral music

/kˈoːɹəl mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
music that is written for and performed by a group of singers or a choir

Examples

classical music

classical music

/klˈæsɪkəl mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a traditional type of music with European roots written according to long-established rules and in elaborated forms by composers such as Beethoven, Mozart, etc.

Examples

country and western

country and western

/kˈʌntɹi ænd wˈɛstɚn/
noun
a popular type of folk music originally from southern parts of the US with dance tunes and ballads played on stringed instruments such as banjos, guitars, etc.

Examples

country music

country music

/kˈʌntɹi mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
popular folk music originally from southern parts of the US with dance tunes and ballads played on stringed instruments such as banjos, guitars, etc.

Examples

crossover

crossover

/ˈkɹɔˌsoʊvɝ/
noun
the process of changing the style or form by a musician in order to appeal to a wider range of people

Examples

dance music

dance music

/dˈæns mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
any music that is intended for dancing to, especially a type of electronic music with strong synthesized beat played in the clubs

Examples

disco

disco

/ˈdɪskoʊ/
noun
a type of popular dance music characterized by hypnotic rhythm and repetitive lyrics with influences from soul

Examples

drum and bass

drum and bass

/dɹˈʌm ænd bˈeɪs/
noun
a genre of dance music originally from the UK with a fast drumbeat and heavy bassline

Examples

dub

dub

/ˈdəb/
noun
a style of West Indian electronic music that has a strong beat, influenced by reggae

Examples

early music

early music

/ˈɜːli mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
traditional European music from medieval, Renaissance or baroque period, especially when it is performed by the instruments of the same period

Examples

easy listening

easy listening

/ˈiːzi lˈɪsənɪŋ/
noun
music that is generally tuneful and relaxing but is sometimes considered to be lacking in substance

Examples

flamenco

flamenco

/fɫəˈmɛŋˌkoʊ/
noun
a type of Spanish music that is fast-paced and exciting and is intended for dancing, played by guitar

Examples

folk music

folk music

/fˈoʊk mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
traditional music that is specific to a region or community or modern music imitating that style

Examples

funk

funk

/ˈfəŋk/
noun
a style of dance music originated from African music and jazz, characterized by having a strong rhythm

Examples

fusion music

fusion music

/fjˈuːʒən mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
music that combines the elements and styles of two different genres and forms something new

Examples

gangsta rap

gangsta rap

/ɡˈæŋstɚ ɹˈæp/
noun
a subdivision of hip-hop music prevalent among black US communities, with themes of gang violence, sex and drugs

Examples

garage house

garage house

/ɡɐɹˈɑːʒ hˈaʊs/
noun
an electronic dance music that combines elements of house music with soul, first developed in the UK in early 1990s

Examples

glam rock

glam rock

/ɡlˈæm ɹˈɑːk/
noun
a subgenre of rock music that emerged in the 1970s in England, with male performers who were dressed unconventionally

Examples

glitch music

glitch music

/ɡlˈɪtʃ mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a subgenre of electronic music that is formed around the concept of aesthetic of failure during the 1990s, using glitch-based audio

Examples

gospel music

gospel music

/ɡˈɑːspəl mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a religious style of singing with soul and R&B elements that was first developed by the African American community of Southern Baptist and Pentecostal Churches

Examples

grime

grime

/ˈɡɹaɪm/
noun
a type of dance music with elements of UK garage, hip-hop, drum and bass and other styles, first developed in London in the 2000s

Examples

grunge rock

grunge rock

/ɡɹˈʌndʒ ɹˈɑːk/
noun
a subdivision of rock music with heavy metal and punk rock influences, popular in the early 1990s

Examples

hard rock

hard rock

/hˈɑːɹd ɹˈɑːk/
noun
a genre of rock music marked with a heavy beat and high amplification of electric guitars

Examples

heavy metal

heavy metal

/hˈɛvi mˈɛɾəl/
noun
a type of highly amplified rock music developed in the 1970s with heavy drum beats and loud vocals

Examples

hillbilly music

hillbilly music

/hˈɪlbɪli mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a popular type of folk music originally from the mountainous parts of the US with dance tunes and ballads played on stringed instruments such as banjos, guitars, etc.

Examples

hip-hop

hip-hop

/ˈhɪpˌhɔp/
noun
popular music featuring rap that is set to electronic music, first developed among black and Hispanic communities in the US

Examples

house music

house music

/hˈaʊs mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
a style of electronic dance music marked with a fast repetitive beat and a tempo of 110 to 130 bpm

Examples

independent music

independent music

/ˌɪndɪpˈɛndənt mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
music that is produced without the resources of a major label or is self-released by an artist

Examples

indie rock

indie rock

/ˈɪndi ɹˈɑːk/
noun
a genre of rock music with a fairly light tone that was first developed in the United States and United Kingdom in the 1970s

Examples

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!