adagio

adagio

/əˈdɑʒiˌoʊ/
noun
a movement or composition intended to be played at a slow tempo

Examples

air

air

/ˈɛɹ/
noun
(Elizabethan or Jacobean music) a short or melodious tune, usually accompanied by a song

Examples

allegro

allegro

/əˈɫɛˌɡɹoʊ/
noun
a movement or composition intended to be played at a brisk lively tempo

Examples

andante

andante

/ɑnˈdɑnteɪ/
noun
a movement or composition intended to be played at a fairly slow tempo

Examples

anthem

anthem

/ˈænθəm/
noun
a religious hymn that is performed in some churches

Examples

aria

aria

/ˈɑɹiə/
noun
a long, elaborate song that is melodious and is intended for a solo voice, especially in an opera

Examples

arrangement

arrangement

/ɝˈeɪndʒmənt/
noun
a musical piece that has been adapted or arranged to be performed by various instruments or voices

Examples

aubade

aubade

/ˈɔːbeɪd/
noun
a musical piece or poem appropriate to or influenced by the dawn or early morning

Examples

ballad

ballad

/ˈbæɫəd/
noun
a tale that is narrated in the form of a song or poem

Examples

bolero

bolero

/boʊˈɫɛɹoʊ/
noun
a couple dance music in ³/₄ time with modest and restrained moves, originated in Spain

Examples

canon

canon

/ˈkænən/
noun
a polyphonic composition in which each singer or instrument takes turn in repeating the theme melody after a given duration

Examples

carol

carol

/ˈkæɹəɫ/, /ˈkɛɹəɫ/
noun
a religious song that people sing at Christmas

Examples

chaconne

chaconne

/tʃˈækɑːn/
noun
a musical composition in moderate triple time, popular in the baroque era

Examples

chant

chant

/ˈtʃænt/
noun
a rhythmic monotonous composition that accompanies an incantation of psalms or canticles in a ritual

Examples

chanty

chanty

/tʃˈænti/
noun
a rhythmic song that sailors used to sing in the past while working together

Examples

chorale

chorale

/kɝˈæɫ/
noun
a musical composition resembling or including a harmonized Lutheran hymn or psalm

Examples

christmas carol

christmas carol

/kɹˈɪsməs kˈæɹəl/
noun
a religious song that is sung at Christmas or during Christmas holiday season

Examples

composition

composition

/ˌkɑmpəˈzɪʃən/
noun
a written piece of music marked by significant size and sophistication

Examples

concerto

concerto

/kənˈtʃɛɹtoʊ/
noun
a musical composition that is written for one or more solo instruments and accompanied by an orchestra with three movements

Examples

dirge

dirge

/ˈdɝdʒ/
noun
a slow song or hymn sung traditionally at a funeral, showing grief or lamentation

Examples

ditty

ditty

/ˈdɪti/
noun
a short and simple song or poem

Examples

divertimento

divertimento

/dɪˌvɝtəˈmɛnˌtoʊ/
noun
a piece of instrumental music with light character in various movements, usually written for a small orchestra

Examples

drum roll

drum roll

/dɹˈʌm ɹˈoʊl/
noun
a continuous series of rapid beats on a drum, especially while announcing something exciting

Examples

duet

duet

/djuˈɛt/, /duˈɛt/
noun
a piece of music performed by two people

Examples

etude

etude

/ˈɛɾuːd/
noun
an instrumental composition that is usually short and is intended for practice or demonstration of a skill

Examples

fandango

fandango

/fænˈdæŋˌɡoʊ/
noun
a couple dance music in triple time, accompanied by tambourine or castanets, with rapid lively moves, originally from Spain

Examples

fanfare

fanfare

/ˈfænˌfɛɹ/
noun
a short and lively ceremonial sounding of trumpets or other brass instruments, usually to announce something important

Examples

fantasia

fantasia

/fænˈteɪʒə/
noun
a musical composition with an improvised style that does not have a fixed form

Examples

folk song

folk song

/fˈoʊk sˈɔŋ/
noun
a song that is part of the tradition of a region or community, with a simple form and melody, developed by ordinary people

Examples

foxtrot

foxtrot

/ˈfɑkstɹɑt/
noun
a couple dance music in 4/4 time marked with two slow steps followed by two quick ones

Examples

fugue

fugue

/ˈfjuɡ/
noun
a classical piece of music with one or two simple repeated themes that develop into a polyphonic pattern which is more sophisticated

Examples

galliard

galliard

/ɡˈælɪɚd/
noun
a lively dance in triple time for a pair of two with five steps or a piece of music for this dance popular in the 16th century

Examples

gavotte

gavotte

/ɡˈævɑːt/
noun
a piece of music in moderately quick ⁴/₄ time intended for a French dance popular in the 18th century

Examples

golden oldie

golden oldie

/ɡˈoʊldən ˈoʊldi/
noun
a song or movie that was a hit in the past and is still popular

Examples

hit

hit

/ˈhɪt/
noun
something, such as a movie, play, song, etc. that is very popular and successful

Examples

hymn

hymn

/ˈhɪm/
noun
a religious song intended to praise God, especially sung by Christians in congregation

Examples

interlude

interlude

/ˈɪntɝˌɫud/
noun
a short performance that is presented between two longer pieces

Examples

intermezzo

intermezzo

/ˌɪntɚmˈɛzoʊ/
noun
a short instrumental piece that is performed between the acts of an opera or other musical performance

Examples

intro

intro

/ˈɪntɹoʊ/
noun
a short introduction to a literary or musical composition

Examples

jig

jig

/ˈdʒɪɡ/
noun
music that is set to a quick dance in triple rhythm with leaping movements, popular in the past

Examples

largo

largo

/ˈɫɑɹɡoʊ/
noun
a musical piece that is intended to be performed at a very slow tempo and in a serious manner

Examples

lullaby

lullaby

/ˈɫəɫəˌbaɪ/
noun
a soft and soothing song that is intended to make children go to sleep

Examples

madrigal

madrigal

/ˈmædɹəɡəɫ/, /ˈmædɹɪɡəɫ/
noun
a song without instruments consisting of several vocals, singing about secular themes in the 16th century

Examples

march

march

/ˈmɑɹtʃ/
noun
a musical piece in duple or quadruple rhythm that is written to accompany or suggest marching

Examples

mazurka

mazurka

/mˈæzɜːkə/
noun
music that accompanies a Polish dance in moderate triple time for four or eight couples

Examples

medley

medley

/ˈmɛdɫi/
noun
a set of musical pieces that are performed or sung successively in a continuous tune

Examples

minuet

minuet

/mɪnˌjuˈɛt/
noun
a piece of music set to a formal couple dance marked with triple time rhythm, toe pointing and bowing, popular in the 17th and 18th centuries

Examples

movement

movement

/ˈmuvmənt/
noun
one of the main parts that a long musical work is divided into, having its own structure

Examples

Negro spiritual

Negro spiritual

/nˈiːɡɹoʊ spˈɪɹɪtʃˌuːəl/
noun
a religious song that is originally developed by the African-American Christians who were slaves in the southern US

Examples

nocturne

nocturne

/nˈɑːktɜːn/
noun
a romantic or dreamy composition written for the piano, dealing with night or evening

Examples

nonet

nonet

/nˌɑːnˈɛt/
noun
a musical piece written for nine singers or instruments

Examples

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!