octet

octet

/ɑkˈtɛt/
noun
a musical piece written for eight singers or instruments

Examples

opera

opera

/ˈɑpɹə/
noun
a musical play sung and performed by singers

Examples

opus

opus

/ˈoʊpəs/
noun
a musical piece or collection that is written by a famous composer followed by the date in which it was created

Examples

oratorio

oratorio

/ˌɑɹəˈtɔɹioʊ/
noun
a lengthy musical composition with a religious theme based on the Bible written for orchestra, choirs and singers without using costumes, action or any scenery

Examples

overture

overture

/ˈoʊvɝtʃɝ/
noun
the introductory piece of an opera, ballet, oratorio or any lengthy musical performance

Examples

passage

passage

/ˈpæsədʒ/, /ˈpæsɪdʒ/
noun
a short section or phrase of a musical piece, considered separately

Examples

pavane

pavane

/pˈæveɪn/
noun
a piece of dance music in slow duple rhythm from southern Europe that became popular in England in the 16th century, couples danced to this in elegant attire

Examples

pibroch

pibroch

/pˈɪbɹɑːk/
noun
music that is played on the Scottish bagpipes, especially one that is performed at military marches or funerals

Examples

piece

piece

/ˈpis/
noun
a single composition or creation created by an artist, author or musician

Examples

polka

polka

/ˈpoʊkɑ/, /ˈpoʊɫkɑ/
noun
a fast couple dance in duple time that was developed in Bohemia in the 19th century

Examples

polonaise

polonaise

/ˌpɑɫəˈneɪz/
noun
a piece of music for a slow Polish dance in moderate ³/₄ time that was popular in the 19th century

Examples

prelude

prelude

/ˈpɹeɪˌɫud/
noun
a short section of a musical performance such as a fugue, opera, suite, etc. that introduces the main theme or subject

Examples

presto

presto

/ˈpɹɛsˌtoʊ/
noun
a musical movement or passage that is intended to be performed at a rapid tempo

Examples

psalm

psalm

/ˈsɑɫm/, /ˈsɑm/
noun
any holy poem, song, or hymn, especially the ones in the Book of Psalms, used in Christian and Jewish worship

Examples

quartet

quartet

/kwɔɹˈtɛt/
noun
a musical piece written for four singers or instruments

Examples

quickstep

quickstep

/kwˈɪkstɛp/
noun
a music that is intended for a couple dance involving a lot of quick steps

Examples

quintet

quintet

/kwɪnˈtɛt/
noun
a musical piece written for five singers or instruments

Examples

raga

raga

/ɹˈɑːɡə/
noun
a piece of traditional Indian music marked by intervals and melodic patterns, used for improvisation

Examples

reel

reel

/ˈɹiɫ/
noun
a piece of folk music that is created to accompany an Irish or Scottish rapid dance

Examples

refrain

refrain

/ɹɪˈfɹeɪn/
noun
music that accompanies the section of a song or poem that is repeated after each verse, by a group of singers

Examples

rendition

rendition

/ɹɛnˈdɪʃən/
noun
a particular way in which a musical piece or a dramatic role is represented or interpreted

Examples

rhapsody

rhapsody

/ˈɹæpsədi/
noun
an instrumental composition marked with irregular form and improvisation, expressing strong emotions

Examples

rhumba

rhumba

/ɹˈʌmbə/
noun
music that is set to a Cuban ballroom dance in duple time marked with pronounced hip movements, developed in the 19th century

Examples

rondo

rondo

/ɹˈɑːndoʊ/
noun
instrumental music with a recurring theme often found in the final movement of a sonata or concerto

Examples

samba

samba

/ˈsɑmbə/
noun
a piece of music that is composed for a fast dance of Brazilian origin called samba

Examples

saraband

saraband

/sˈæɹɐbˌænd/
noun
music that is intended for a stately Spanish dance in slow triple time with accent on the second beat, popular in the 17th and 18th centuries

Examples

scherzo

scherzo

/ʃˈɜːzoʊ/
noun
a light and short instrumental piece of music in rapid triple time that is usually part of a symphony or sonata

Examples

septet

septet

/sɛptˈɛt/
noun
a musical piece written for seven singers or instruments

Examples

serenade

serenade

/ˌsɛɹəˈneɪd/
noun
a soft piece of music in several movements that is intended for a small ensemble which is halfway between a suite and a symphony in style

Examples

sextet

sextet

/ˌsɛkˈstɛt/
noun
a musical piece written for six singers or instruments

Examples

solo

solo

/ˈsoʊˌɫoʊ/
noun
a musical piece written for one singer or instrument

Examples

sonata

sonata

/səˈnɑtə/
noun
a musical composition for a solo instrument, typically accompanied by piano, in 3 or 4 movements of contrasting keys

Examples

spiritual

spiritual

/ˈspɪɹɪˌtʃuəɫ/
noun
a religious song that is originally developed by the African-American Christians who were slaves in the southern US

Examples

standard

standard

/ˈstændɝd/
noun
a well-known song that is performed by various singers or bands

Examples

strathspey

strathspey

/stɹˈæθspi/
noun
music that is set to a Scottish slow dance in quadruple time, similar to a reel

Examples

study

study

/ˈstədi/
noun
a musical composition that is created for practicing a technique

Examples

suite

suite

/ˈswit/
noun
an instrumental musical composition of the 17th or 18th centuries consisting of a series of related keys or a modern rendition of this in several movements

Examples

symphony

symphony

/ˈsɪmfəni/
noun
a long and sophisticated musical composition written for a large orchestra, in three or four movements

Examples

tango

tango

/ˈtæŋɡoʊ/
noun
a piece of music written for a South American dance called tango in which a male and female hold hands tightly and walk in the same direction

Examples

theme music

theme music

/θˈiːm mjˈuːzɪk/
noun
the musical piece that is played at the beginning or the end of a TV or radio program or a motion picture

Examples

toccata

toccata

/təkˈɑːɾə/
noun
a baroque musical composition designed for a keyboard instrument consisting of complex passages in order to show off a performer's skill

Examples

tone poem

tone poem

/tˈoʊn pˈoʊɪm/
noun
a piece of music in one movement that is intended for symphony orchestra, telling a story or describing a place or an idea

Examples

torch song

torch song

/tˈɔːɹtʃ sˈɔŋ/
noun
a popular romantic song that revolves around an unrequited or lost love

Examples

trio

trio

/ˈtɹiˌoʊ/
noun
a musical piece written for three singers or instruments

Examples

tune

tune

/ˈtun/
noun
a series of musical notes that form a piece of music which is pleasant and easy to listen to

Examples

variation

variation

/ˌvɛɹiˈeɪʃən/
noun
a version of a musical theme with alterations in rhythm, tempo, melody, etc. in a way that the original theme is recognizable

Examples

vivace

vivace

/vˈɪveɪs/
noun
a lively piece of music that is fast-paced

Examples

vocal

vocal

/ˈvoʊkəɫ/
noun
a musical piece that involves singing

Examples

vocalize

vocalize

/ˈvoʊkəˌɫaɪz/
noun
a piece of music that is meant to be sung with no words, in which the singer chooses to sing only one vowel

Examples

voluntary

voluntary

/ˈvɑɫəntɛɹi/
noun
an instrumental composition that is written for organ, played during or after a religious service

Examples

waltz

waltz

/ˈwɔɫs/, /ˈwɔɫts/
noun
music that is written for a ballroom dance in ³/₄ time with strong accent on the initial beat

Examples

work

work

/ˈwɝk/
noun
a painting, piece of music or book that is produced by a painter, musician or writer

Examples

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!