atonality

atonality

/eɪtoʊnˈælɪɾi/
noun
the quality that marks the absence of a key in a musical composition

Examples

B

B

/ˈbi/
noun
the 7th note in the C-major scale

Examples

bar

bar

/ˈbɑɹ/
noun
any of the short sections of equal length consisting of musical beats located between two consecutive lines

Examples

bar line

bar line

/bˈɑːɹ lˈaɪn/
noun
an upright line that separates the bars in written music

Examples

bass

bass

/ˈbæs/, /ˈbeɪs/
noun
the lower half of the musical range

Examples

beat

beat

/ˈbit/
noun
a piece of music or a poem's main rhythm

Examples

C

C

/ˈsi/
noun
the first note in the C-major scale

Examples

chord

chord

/ˈkɔɹd/
noun
three or more musical notes that form a harmony when played together

Examples

chorus

chorus

/ˈkɔɹəs/
noun
a section of a song or poem that follows each verse

Examples

clef

clef

/ˈkɫɛf/
noun
any of the signs written on the left-hand end of a staff indicating the pitch of the notes

Examples

climax

climax

/ˈkɫaɪˌmæks/
noun
the most significant moment in a story, play, movie, etc. with a high dramatic suspense

Examples

coda

coda

/ˈkoʊdə/
noun
the final passage of an extended musical composition

Examples

counterpoint

counterpoint

/ˈkaʊntɝˌpɔɪnt/
noun
a musical technique that consists of mixing two or more separate melodies into one harmony

Examples

crescendo

crescendo

/kɹɪˈʃɛndoʊ/
noun
a slow and constant increase in the loudness of a musical piece

Examples

crotchet

crotchet

/kɹˈɑːtʃɪt/
noun
a musical note that lasts ¹/₄ of a whole note

Examples

D

D

/dˈiː/
noun
the second note of the C-major scale

Examples

diminuendo

diminuendo

/dɪmˌɪnjuːˈɛndoʊ/
noun
a slow and constant decrease in the volume of a musical piece

Examples

discord

discord

/ˈdɪskɔɹd/
noun
an unusual combination of musical notes that sound strange when played

Examples

dissonance

dissonance

/ˈdɪsənəns/
noun
a combination of musical notes that sound harshly because they do not form a harmony

Examples

dot

dot

/ˈdɑt/
noun
a small round symbol in written music indicating augmentation of time by one half or staccato

Examples

double bar

double bar

/dˈʌbəl bˈɑːɹ/
noun
a pair of upright lines in written music marking the end of a composition or a main passage

Examples

dynamics

dynamics

/daɪˈnæmɪks/
noun
the variation or contrast in volume or intensity of a musical performance

Examples

E

E

/ˈiː/
noun
the third note in the C-major scale

Examples

F

F

/ˈɛf/
noun
the fourth note in the C-major scale

Examples

G

G

/dʒˈiː/
noun
the fifth note in the C-major scale

Examples

groove

groove

/ˈɡɹuv/
noun
a pronounced musical rhythm that people enjoy

Examples

harmony

harmony

/ˈhɑɹməni/
noun
notes of music played or sung in a combination that produces a pleasing effect

Examples

interval

interval

/ˈɪntɝvəɫ/
noun
a short break between different parts of a theatrical or musical performance

Examples

key

key

/ˈki/
noun
a set of notes based on a particular note that form the tonal basis of a musical passage

Examples

key signature

key signature

/kˈiː sˈɪɡnɪtʃɚ/
noun
the set of marks at the beginning of a printed piece of music, indicating the key in which the piece is played

Examples

libretto

libretto

/ɫəˈbɹɛtoʊ/, /ɫɪˈbɹɛtoʊ/
noun
the text of a musical play, an opera or other extended vocal works

Examples

lyric

lyric

/ˈɫɪɹɪk/
noun
(plural) a song's words

Examples

measure

measure

/ˈmɛʒɝ/
noun
any of the short sections consisting of musical beats located between two consecutive lines

Examples

melody

melody

/ˈmɛɫədi/
noun
the arrangement or succession of single musical notes in a tune or piece of music

Examples

minim

minim

/mˈɪnɪm/
noun
a musical note that lasts half of a whole note

Examples

motif

motif

/moʊˈtif/
noun
a recurring theme of melodic or rhythmic arrangement of notes in a musical piece

Examples

notation

notation

/noʊˈteɪʃən/
noun
a system of written signs or symbols that are used in music or mathematics

Examples

note

note

/ˈnoʊt/
noun
a written sign or symbol indicating a single tone of particular pitch and length made by a vocal or musical instrument

Examples

octave

octave

/ˈɑktɪv/
noun
the interval between the first and the last notes in eight diatonic degrees

Examples

pitch

pitch

/ˈpɪtʃ/
noun
the degree of highness or lowness of a tone that is determined by the frequency of waves producing it

Examples

quaver

quaver

/ˈkweɪvɝ/
noun
a musical note that lasts ¹/₈ of a whole note

Examples

register

register

/ˈɹɛdʒɪstɝ/
noun
the range or the part of a range that a voice or an instrument can produce

Examples

rest

rest

/ˈɹɛst/
noun
a period of silence or the sign that indicates a silence between musical notes

Examples

rhythm

rhythm

/ˈɹɪðəm/
noun
a strong repeated pattern of musical notes or sounds

Examples

scale

scale

/ˈskeɪɫ/
noun
an arrangement of a series of musical notes with specified intervals, in ascending or descending pitch order

Examples

score

score

/ˈskɔɹ/
noun
a written or printed version of a musical composition consisting of all the vocal and instrumental sections

Examples

semibreve

semibreve

/sˈɛmɪbɹˌiːv/
noun
a musical note that lasts twice as long as a half note

Examples

staff

staff

/ˈstæf/
noun
a set of five horizontal lines and the blank space between them on which a musical composition is written according to a pitch

Examples

strain

strain

/ˈstɹeɪn/
noun
the tune or sound of a musical piece or song

Examples

tempo

tempo

/ˈtɛmˌpoʊ/
noun
the speed that a piece of music is or should be played at

Examples

tie

tie

/ˈtaɪ/
noun
a curved line written over a pair of notes of the same pitch indicating that they should be played as one note

Examples

timber

timber

/ˈtɪmbɝ/
noun
the quality of a sound that is distinct from pitch, intensity and loudness

Examples

time signature

time signature

/tˈaɪm sˈɪɡnɪtʃɚ/
noun
a sign written at the beginning of a musical composition in the form of a fraction showing the number of beats in each bar

Examples

tone

tone

/ˈtoʊn/
noun
a vocal or musical sound with a particular pitch, intensity, and quality

Examples

treble

treble

/ˈtɹɛbəɫ/
noun
the part in harmonic music or the voice with the highest pitch that belongs to a boy or female vocalist

Examples

tunefulness

tunefulness

/tˈuːnfəlnəs/
noun
the quality of having a pleasant tune or being melodious

Examples

verse

verse

/ˈvɝs/
noun
a series of lines forming a unit in a song or poem

Examples

voice

voice

/ˈvɔɪs/
noun
the quality of sound or tone of a person

Examples

Great!

You've reviewed all the words in this lesson!