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oral candidiasis
/ˈoːɹəl kˈændɪdˌɪæsiz/
noun
a fungal infection that affects the mouth and throat, caused by overgrowth of the Candida fungus, resulting in white patches or sores on the mucous membranes
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gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
/ɡˈæstɹoʊɪsˈɑːfədʒˌiəl ɹˈiːflʌks dɪzˈiːz/
noun
a chronic condition where stomach acid consistently backs up into the oesophagus, causing symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation, and other related discomforts
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achalasia
/ɐtʃɐlˈeɪʒə/
noun
a disorder that affects swallowing due to improper relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter
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esophageal rupture
/ɪsˈɑːfədʒˌiəl ɹˈʌptʃɚ/
noun
a tear in the esophageal wall, resulting in severe chest pain and other complications
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gastritis
/ɡæˈstɹaɪtəs/
noun
a medical condition where the stomach's inner lining becomes inflamed, often resulting in symptoms like stomach discomfort, nausea, and a reduced appetite
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peptic ulcer disease
/pˈɛptɪk ˈʌlsɚ dɪzˈiːz/
noun
the formation of open sores in the stomach or duodenum due to stomach acid erosion, causing abdominal pain and other symptoms
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autoimmune gastritis
/ˌɔːɾoʊɪmjˈuːn ɡæstɹˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
immune system attack on the stomach lining, causing inflammation, impaired acid production, and related symptoms
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appendicitis
/əˌpɛnˌdɪˈsaɪtɪz/
noun
a severe medical condition in which one's appendix becomes inflamed and painful
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food poisoning
/fˈuːd pˈɔɪzənɪŋ/
noun
an illness resulting from the consumption of food or water contaminated with bacteria
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cholera
/ˈkɑɫɝə/
noun
a potentially fatal illness that is acquired from consumption of water or food contaminated with particular bacteria, causing diarrhea and vomiting
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amoebic dysentery
/ɐmˈiːbɪk dˈɪsəntɚɹi/
noun
inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea
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Crohn's disease
/kɹˈoʊnz dɪzˈiːz/
noun
a chronic inflammatory bowel condition causing abdominal pain, diarrhea, and other symptoms with potential complications throughout the body
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ulcerative colitis
/ˈʌlsɚɹətˌɪv kəlˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea
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hernia
/ˈhɝniə/
noun
a condition in which part of an organ squeezes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place
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volvulus
/vˈɑːlvjʊləs/
noun
abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the area of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction
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intestinal obstruction
/ɪntˈɛstɪnəl əbstɹˈʌkʃən/
noun
blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
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malabsorption
/mˌælɐbsˈoːɹpʃən/
noun
abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
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pancreatitis
/pˌænkɹiːˈeɪtˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
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ascending cholangitis
/ɐsˈɛndɪŋ tʃˌɑːlɐndʒˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
a severe bacterial infection in the bile ducts, causing fever, jaundice, and abdominal pain, requiring urgent medical attention
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cholelithiasis
/kˈoʊllɪθˌɪæsiz/
noun
the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
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impaction
/ɪmpˈækʃən/
noun
a disorder in which feces are impacted in the lower colon
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jaundice
/ˈdʒɔndəs/
noun
a medical condition in which one's skin or the whites in one's eyes turn yellow, caused by a liver disease or blockage of the bile duct
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irritable bowel syndrome
/ˈɪɹɪɾəbəl bˈaʊəl sˈɪndɹoʊm/
noun
a common bowel disorder that is characterized by diarrhea or constipation and is often tied to stress or worry
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dysentery
/ˈdɪsənˌtɛɹi/
noun
an infection in one's intestines that causes severe diarrhea containing blood or mucus
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dyspepsia
/dɪspˈɛpsiə/
noun
a severe or recurring pain localized in the upper abdomen and characterized by nausea, bloating, or vomiting
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constipation
/ˌkɑnstəˈpeɪʃən/
noun
a medical condition in which one has difficulty emptying one's bowels
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hookworm disease
/hˈʊkwɜːm dɪzˈiːz/
noun
infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin
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enteritis
/ˌɛntɚɹˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
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gastroenteritis
/ɡˌæstɹoʊntɚɹˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
inflammation of the stomach and intestines; can be caused by Salmonella enteritidis
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diarrhea
/ˌdaɪɝˈiə/
noun
a medical condition in which body waste turns to liquid and comes out frequently
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biliary colic
/baɪlˈaɪɚɹi kˈɑːlɪk/
noun
sudden, severe abdominal pain caused by temporary blockage of the bile ducts, often due to gallstones
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