Flashcard
Spelling

ebola

ebola

/iˈboʊɫə/
noun
a potentially fatal disease that causes problems with how one's blood clots
Click to see examples

Examples

They've been used to study diseases, including measles, mumps, HIV, and ebola.

Like, we tried it for MERS, SARS, ebola, and most recently, COVID-19.

This is what recently saved some doctors and nurses who had contracted the ebola virus from infected patients.

Flashcard
Spelling

eclampsia

eclampsia

/ɪklˈæmpsiə/
noun
a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and seizures that can be detrimental to the health of mother and baby

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

eczema

eczema

/ˈɛksəmə/
noun
a very common skin condition that causes one's skin to become dry, red, itchy, and bumpy
Click to see examples

Examples

But I did have eczema just everywhere.

I'm part of eczema gang, me, myself, personally.

'Cause that was eczema.

Flashcard
Spelling

epilepsy

epilepsy

/ˈɛpəˌɫɛpsi/
noun
a central nervous system disorder that causes sudden, unprovoked, and recurrent seizures
Click to see examples

Examples

The two women were being evaluated for epilepsy surgery at University Hospital in Geneva, Switzerland.

So I discovered a doctor in Chicago who was an expert in epilepsy.

And I was wondering if you have any suggestions for epilepsy?

Flashcard
Spelling

exposure

exposure

/ɪkˈspoʊʒɝ/
noun
a serious medical condition caused by being out in extreme cold for very long without protection to the effects of harsh weather
Click to see examples

Examples

The acute medical therapy is indicated in the exposure.

It's not surprising because the concern with hazardous materials has been elevated drastically with the exposure to COVID.

That's too much of an exposure.

Flashcard
Spelling

fetal alcohol syndrome

fetal alcohol syndrome

/fˈiːɾəl ˈælkəhˌɑːl sˈɪndɹoʊm/
noun
a severe medical condition resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol during pregnancy that can cause the child to be born with birth defects and developmental disabilities

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

flu

flu

/ˈfɫu/
noun
influenza; an infectious disease similar to a bad cold, causing fever and severe pain
Click to see examples

Examples

So I have the flu.

- The mortality of this is multiple times what seasonal flu is.

Every flu season that comes around, people worry about some type of a global pandemic.

Flashcard
Spelling

food poisoning

food poisoning

/fˈuːd pˈɔɪzənɪŋ/
noun
an illness resulting from the consumption of food or water contaminated with bacteria
Click to see examples

Examples

It turns out we carry some pretty nasty diseases that make 24-hour food poisoning look like the sniffles.

So a glass of red wine with dinner might actually help you resist some food poisoning.

So last week, he unfortunately had a little bit of a run-in with food poisoning.

Flashcard
Spelling

frostbite

frostbite

/ˈfɹɔstˌbaɪt/
noun
an injury resulting from excessive exposure to extreme cold, causing the freezing of the skin, particularly the nose, toes, fingers, or other tissues
Click to see examples

Examples

The company claims its animal fur trim disrupts air flow and protects exposed skin against frostbite.

They tested the limits of human resistance to hypothermia, or frostbite.

This body was made to look like it succumbed to frostbite.

Flashcard
Spelling

ganglion

ganglion

/ˈɡæŋɡɫiɑn/
noun
a cyst or lump that usually forms over a tendon or joint
Click to see examples

Examples

And those two neurons meet in ganglia -- clusters of neuron cell bodies that house millions of synapses.

But where these ganglia appear relate to their function, and which division of the autonomic system they're serving.

So naturally the fibers leading out of the ganglia are a lot longer.

Flashcard
Spelling

gangrene

gangrene

/ˈɡænɡɹin/
noun
a chronic condition during which tissues in one's body die as a result of an obstruction in circulation or a bacterial infection
Click to see examples

Examples

Ultimately, the leg became gangrenes and it had to be amputated.

I've got a lot of gangrene.

One person died due to gangrene in the foot.

Flashcard
Spelling

gastric flu

gastric flu

/ɡˈæstɹɪk flˈuː/
noun
an intestinal infection‌ that often causes watery diarrhea, inflammation, nausea, vomiting, or fever

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

German measles

German measles

/dʒˈɜːmən mˈiːsəlz/
noun
an acute contagious disease characterized by slight fever, skin rash, sore throat, and joint pain

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

haemorrhage

haemorrhage

/hˈɛmɚɹɪdʒ/
noun
an escape of blood from a damaged or ruptured blood vessel
Click to see examples

Examples

He was blinded by haemorrhage in his eyes.

In 1918 mother ten Boom became bed ridden from a cerebral haemorrhage.

On April 12th, 1945, he suffered a cerebral haemorrhage while visiting Warm Springs, Georgia.

Flashcard
Spelling

hemorrhoids

hemorrhoids

/ˈhɛmɝˌɔɪdz/
noun
swollen and painful veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

hay fever

hay fever

/hˈeɪ fˈiːvɚ/
noun
an illness that causes a runny nose and watery eyes, caused by dust from plants that come into the body through the air
Click to see examples

Examples

Later, a British doctor saw less hay fever allergy in children who had older siblings.

Flashcard
Spelling

heart attack

heart attack

/hˈɑːɹt ɐtˈæk/
noun
a medical emergency that happens when blood flow to the heart is suddenly blocked, which is fatal in some cases
Click to see examples

Examples

Particle pollution can get into the blood and can lead to heart attacks or stroke.

And he had had a massive heart attack the year before.

So it's like a heart attack.

Flashcard
Spelling

heatstroke

heatstroke

/hˈiːtstɹoʊk/
noun
a condition that one experiences if exposed to too much heat
Click to see examples

Examples

And over 40 percent of incarcerated people have a chronic medical condition, raising the risk of heatstroke.

Flashcard
Spelling

hemophilia

hemophilia

/ˌhiməˈfiɫiə/
noun
a mostly inherited genetic disorder in which the blood does not clot properly, leading to excessive or spontaneous bleeding
Click to see examples

Examples

I'm told that we're on the cusp of an FDA approval of a hemophilia gene transfer product.

And then 2017, an RNA inhibitory approach for managing hemophilia

So let's just go with hemophilia again.

Flashcard
Spelling

hepatitis

hepatitis

/ˌhɛpəˈtaɪtəs/
noun
inflammatory condition of the liver caused by a variety of infectious viruses or over-consumption of alcohol
Click to see examples

Examples

This technique has been used before to track viruses like norovirus, hepatitis, and polio.

Right, it's going to be a hepatitis, it's gonna be yeah, one of the strains.

I always say don't let hepatitis dominate your life.

Flashcard
Spelling

hypertension

hypertension

/ˌhaɪpɝˈtɛnʃən/
noun
a condition that arises when one is experiencing a chronic elevation of blood pressure
Click to see examples

Examples

The drug sildenafil was originally developed to treat problems like pulmonary hypertension.

There are other hypertension drugs with useful side effects, too.

Propranolol is another drug used to treat hypertension but in a different way.

Flashcard
Spelling

irritable bowel syndrome

irritable bowel syndrome

/ˈɪɹɪɾəbəl bˈaʊəl sˈɪndɹoʊm/
noun
a common bowel disorder that is characterized by diarrhea or constipation and is often tied to stress or worry
Click to see examples

Examples

It could even help with seemingly unrelated things like irritable bowel syndrome and psoriasis.

They even worked for patients with irritable bowel syndrome in a 2010 study.

He also suffered from irritable bowel syndrome that saw him dealing with severe abdominal pain and occasional dangerous bouts of diarrhea.

Flashcard
Spelling

jaundice

jaundice

/ˈdʒɔndəs/
noun
a medical condition in which one's skin or the whites in one's eyes turn yellow, caused by a liver disease or blockage of the bile duct
Click to see examples

Examples

Everybody looks jaundiced.

The realtor looks jaundiced.

Flashcard
Spelling

kwashiorkor

kwashiorkor

/kwˈɑːʃɪɹkɚ/
noun
a severe malnutrition that occurs due to a lack of protein in the diet and mostly affects young children

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

laryngitis

laryngitis

/ˌɫɑɹɪnˈdʒaɪtəs/
noun
a severe medical condition during which voice cords in one's voice box become painful and swollen, often resulting in loss of the voice or having difficulty breathing
Click to see examples

Examples

Pretend you're a cat that has laryngitis.

Flashcard
Spelling

leprosy

leprosy

/ˈɫɛpɹəsi/
noun
a chronic infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium leprae that can affect the nerves, skin, eyes, and lining of the nose
Click to see examples

Examples

His son, Baldwin, was thirteen, and was ill with leprosy.

What kind of good god sits around saying, "Hmm, leprosy.

[laughter] "Let's give them leprosy.

Flashcard
Spelling

leukaemia

leukaemia

/luːkˈiːmiə/
noun
a potentially fatal disease characterized by a rise in the number of white blood cells in one's body

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

long Covid

long Covid

/lˈɑːŋ kˈɑːvɪd/
noun
a medical condition wherein people continue to experience COVID-19 symptoms for weeks or months after they begin to recover

Examples

Flashcard
Spelling

lou gehrig's disease

lou gehrig's disease

/lˈuː dʒˈeɪɹɪɡz dɪzˈiːz/
noun
a progressive neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects motor neurons of the spinal cord which causes weakness in muscles and eventually causes paralysis and early death

Examples

great

you-have-reviewed-all-the-words-in-this-lesson