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mad cow disease

mad cow disease

/mˈæd kˈaʊ dɪzˈiːz/
noun
a fatal neurological disease that affects cattle and can occasionally be transmitted to humans as well

Examples

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malaria

malaria

/məˈɫɛɹiə/
noun
a potentially fatal disease normally transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito
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Examples

The place most intensely affected by malaria is Africa south of the Sahara Desert.

The malaria cycle begins with tiny parasites.

These deadly parasites cause malaria.

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measles

measles

/ˈmizəɫz/
noun
a contagious disease that causes high fever and small red spots on the body, common in children

Examples

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meningitis

meningitis

/ˌmɛnənˈdʒaɪtəs/
noun
a serious infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the thin protective tissue that covers the brain and spinal cord, causing intense headaches and high temperature
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Examples

It invades the brain like meningitis.

Modern researchers believe she may have had Scarlet Fever or, possibly, meningitis.

I was diagnosed with meningococcal meningitis.

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migraine

migraine

/ˈmaɪˌɡɹeɪn/
noun
a severe recurring type of headache, particularly affecting one side of the head, and often causing visual disturbances and nausea
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Examples

You know, really big migraines.

So what then is a migraine?

It has wide connections throughout the brain, and is more active than usual in the days before migraine.

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motor neurone disease

motor neurone disease

/mˈoʊɾɚ nˈʊɹɹoʊn dɪzˈiːz/
noun
a progressive neurological disorder that causes the degeneration of the motor system and ultimately kills the patient

Examples

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multiple sclerosis

multiple sclerosis

/mˈʌltɪpəl skləɹˈoʊsɪs/
noun
a chronic progressive disease that primarily affects the central nervous system and is capable of causing problems with vision, balance, and speech
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Examples

Some disabilities like diabetes, multiple sclerosis and depression are invisible.

This month, many countries around the world will be spreading awareness on multiple sclerosis, or "MS".

In the year 2006, I was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

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mumps

mumps

/ˈməmps/
noun
an infectious viral disease characterized by painful swellings at the sides of the face and under the ears and caused by a paramyxovirus

Examples

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obesity

obesity

/əˈbisəti/, /oʊˈbisəti/
noun
the state of being very fat in an unhealthy way
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Examples

Rural communities tend to have higher rates of cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and obesity.

Engineered humans might be better equipped to cope with high-energy food, eliminating many diseases of civilization like obesity.

The use of high fructose corn syrup may be a contributor to diabetes and obesity.

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pellagra

pellagra

/pəˈɫæɡɹə/
noun
a disease caused by severe vitamin B3 or niacin deficiency and characterized by skin changes, mental symptoms, and diarrhea

Examples

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pertussis

pertussis

/pɝˈtəsɪs/
noun
a contagious respiratory disease often characterized by violent coughs and breathing difficulties
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Examples

It is a vaccine against three severe and potentially deadly diseases, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis.

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plague

plague

/ˈpɫeɪɡ/
noun
a dangerous disease spread by rats that causes fever and swellings, often kills if infected
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Examples

Anyway, remember when plagues were a big driver of human history?

Bubonic plague is a horrible disease.

You may, in fact, be avoiding them like the plague.

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pneumonia

pneumonia

/nəˈmoʊnjə/, /nuˈmoʊnjə/
noun
the infection and inflammation of air sacs in one's lungs, usually caused by a bacterial infection that makes breathing difficult
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Examples

Researchers at the Kaiser Family Foundation examined the average cost of treatment for patients hospitalized with pneumonia.

When people get pneumonia and are hospitalized, they had to pay about $1500 out of pocket previously.

Patients get pneumonia.

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polio

polio

/ˈpoʊɫiˌoʊ/
noun
a disabling and life-threatening disease that causes nerve injuries leading to permanent paralysis, happens mostly in children younger than 5
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Examples

The polio epidemic was at its peak in the early 50s.

He was treating people with polio, people with MS.

It was the 20s, everyone had polio.

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rabies

rabies

/ˈɹeɪbiz/
noun
a viral disease of mammals, particularly dogs that is usually passed to humans through the bite of an infected animal

Examples

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rheumatism

rheumatism

/ˈɹuməˌtɪzəm/
noun
autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that are characterized by the feeling of pain, swelling, and stiffness in one's muscles and joints

Examples

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rickets

rickets

/ˈɹɪkɪts/
noun
a condition in children in which bones soften and become more susceptible to fractures and irregularities due to deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate

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rosacea

rosacea

/ɹəsˈeɪsiə/
noun
a chronic skin condition that causes redness, swelling, and small bumps similar to acne

Examples

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rubella

rubella

/ɹuˈbɛɫə/
noun
a contagious viral illness, often occurring in children, that causes a red rash on the body as well as symptoms like fever, sore throat, and eye redness
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Examples

Vaccines for diseases like mumps and rubella offer a lifetime of protection with two shots early in life.

We have a very good rubella vaccine, very good mumps vaccine.

That same year physician and researcher Stanley Plotkin developed the rubella vaccine.

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SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)

SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome)

/ˈsɑɹz/
noun
a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus that can be easily passed from one person to another

Examples

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scrapie

scrapie

/skɹˈæpaɪ/
noun
an infectious and often fatal disease that mainly affects the nervous system of sheep

Examples

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seasickness

seasickness

/sˈiːsɪknəs/
noun
wooziness and nausea caused by the rocking motion of a boat or ship

Examples

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senile dementia

senile dementia

/sˈiːnaɪl dɪmˈɛnʃə/
noun
a severe condition that mainly affects older people's minds and causes memory loss, involuntary movements, etc.

Examples

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shock

shock

/ˈʃɑk/
noun
a severe medical condition following an extreme drop in blood pressure, caused by a massive blood loss, serious burns, etc., which makes the person feel cold, have rapid pulse and breathing
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Examples

Oh Jane, this is a bitter shock.

Was there a culture shock from being someone who was mostly oral to someone who uses ASL?

So, yeah, it still becomes a culture shock.

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smallpox

smallpox

/ˈsmɔɫˌpɑks/
noun
an acute infectious disease characterized by fever and skin eruption, usually leaving permanent scars
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Examples

First, think of the smallpox outbreak in the 1950s and 60s.

We did it with smallpox through vaccines.

That is, until 1796, when British doctor Edward Jenner came upon milkmaids without the telltale pockmarks of smallpox survivors.

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snow-blindness

snow-blindness

/snˈoʊblˈaɪndnəs/
noun
a condition of being temporarily unable to see due to one's eyes being exposed to ultraviolet rays reflected off snow or ice

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stroke

stroke

/ˈstɹoʊk/
noun
a dangerous condition in which a person loses consciousness as a result of a blood vessel breaking open or becoming blocked in their brain, which could kill or paralyze a part of their body
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Examples

Particle pollution can get into the blood and can lead to heart attacks or stroke.

The ability to create policy with the stroke of a pen is a powerful tool.

But processed meat may also significantly increase the chance of suffering from diabetes, strokes and coronary heart diseases.

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sunstroke

sunstroke

/sˈʌnstɹoʊk/
noun
an illness characterized by high fever and caused by prolonged exposure to excessive heat or sunlight

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swine flu

swine flu

/swˈaɪn flˈuː/
noun
a potentially fatal disease passed between humans that is caused by an influenza strain similar to swine flu in pigs
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Examples

In 2009, at PAX Prime in Seattle, I got the swine flu.

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tetanus

tetanus

/ˈtɛtənəs/
noun
a severe infectious disease marked by painful muscle contractions, particularly that of the jaw, as a result of bacteria invading the body through cuts or wounds
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Examples

Bacterial species do run a range as well, giving us everything from cheese to tetanus.

Examples on these ones are protecting against tetanus and diphtheria.

Did you have your tetanus shot?

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thrombosis

thrombosis

/θɹɑmˈboʊsəs/
noun
a severe medical condition in which the blood clots and blocks the blood vessels, particularly those leading to one's heart

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tonsillitis

tonsillitis

/tˌɑːnsɪlˈaɪɾɪs/
noun
an infection or inflammation of the tonsils
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Examples

Alright, I had had a severe tonsillitis.

But if you get tonsillitis a lot, a doctor may suggest that you have your tonsils taken out.

And as our tonsils get smaller, so do our chances of a sore throat from tonsillitis.

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toxoplasmosis

toxoplasmosis

/tˌɑːksəplɐzmˈoʊsɪs/
noun
a parasitic disease that mainly affects unborn children and is mostly transmitted through undercooked meat, soil, or cat feces
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Examples

It is actually fairly rare in the US for women to come into contact with toxoplasmosis.

Some estimates even say over a third of all humans have toxoplasmosis without knowing it.

- [Rhett] Toxoplasmosis, or whatever it is. -

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tuberculosis

tuberculosis

/təˌbɝkjəˈɫoʊsɪs/, /tuˌbɝkjəˈɫoʊsəs/, /tuˌbɝkjuˈɫoʊsəs/
noun
a potentially severe bacterial disease that primarily affects the lungs and causes swellings to appear on them or other parts of the body
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Examples

She died of tuberculosis when Conrad was only seven years old.

Battling tuberculosis in France and confronting the war's devastation as a resistance journalist

And the tuberculosis doesn’t stand a chance at infecting the vultures.

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typhoid

typhoid

/ˈtaɪfɔɪd/
noun
a serious and potentially life-threatening disease marked by high fever, diarrhea, and red spots that appear on the chest and abdomen
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Examples

Soon, there were outbreaks of typhoid and other diseases, and many oyster beds had to be closed.

Apparently instead of potties they had typhoid.

What is typhoid fever, anyway?

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typhus

typhus

/ˈtaɪfəs/
noun
a potentially fatal disease characterized by high temperature and appearance of purple marks on the body
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Examples

You see, even modern fleas can transfer diseases like typhus, bartonellosis, and, yes, plague.

Kato died of typhus in December, 1907 at the age of 22.

During World War II for example, militaries dusted millions of Europeans with DDT to control lice-borne typhus.

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whooping cough

whooping cough

/wˈuːpɪŋ kˈɔf/
noun
a highly contagious respiratory disease, particularly affecting children, marked by violent coughs and causing difficulty in breathing
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Examples

Preventable diseases like measles and whooping cough have become our scurvy.

It's safe, proven protection against 14 serious diseases, like measles and whooping cough.

Examples here include Hepatitis B, HPV, shingles, and Whooping cough.

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yellow fever

yellow fever

/jˈɛloʊ fˈiːvɚ/
noun
a tropical viral disease, characterized by fever, muscle pain, etc. which consequently leads to jaundice and potential death, transmitted by infected mosquitoes
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Examples

And lots of diseases have been proposed to explain this outbreak, including smallpox, influenza, and yellow fever.

And the colony was beset by malaria and dysentery and our old friend, yellow fever!

People caught malaria and yellow fever.

great

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