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to lay up

to lay up

/lˈeɪ ˈʌp/
verb
to be confined to bed due to being ill or injured

Examples

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life-limiting

life-limiting

/lˈaɪflˈɪmɪɾɪŋ/
adjective
denoting an incurable chronic illness or a medical condition that will eventually lead to patient's death

Examples

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lump

lump

/ˈɫəmp/
noun
a swollen area under the skin, usually caused by a sickness or injury
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Examples

You get this big lump that you have to move through the python.

Some panpsychists claim that a lump of rock may have an inner life.

And that brings us to a soccer ball-sized lump found in Borealopelta’s abdominal cavity.

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malady

malady

/ˈmæɫədi/
noun
any physical problem that might put one's health in danger
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Examples

Yours looks like it has some sort of physical malady.

And as my affections quickly faded, like swans for Odette, they became like a malady.

No mechanical maladies to report!

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malaise

malaise

/mæˈɫeɪz/
noun
a feeling of being physically ill and irritated without knowing the reason
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Examples

And now we have this social malaise going along with it.

I have feelings of malaise and sadness and sometimes even suicidal thoughts.

Uncertainty and malaise governed my early days at the University.

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malarial

malarial

/məˈɫɛɹiəɫ/
adjective
of or infected by malaria, a chronic disease that is caused by the bite of specific types of mosquito
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Examples

Right now, our best scientists are thinking of clever ways to deal with the malarial menace.

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malignant

malignant

/məˈɫɪɡnənt/
adjective
(of a tumor or disease) uncontrollable and likely to be fatal
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Examples

Malignant cancers are complex systems that constantly evolve and adapt.

But when a cancer isn’t going to be malignant, treating it doesn’t really prevent anything.

What exactly is the ultimate goal of these malignant entities?

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miscarriage

miscarriage

/mɪˈskɛɹədʒ/
noun
the unexpected or spontaneous expulsion of a fetus from the uterus before it is mature enough to survive independently
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Examples

Pregnant women who have had miscarriages have criticized the company for continuing the show them baby product ads.

Miscarriages can be so hard, no matter what biology says.

And when they do, they basically slough off, leading to early miscarriage.

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nausea

nausea

/ˈnɔziə/
noun
the feeling of wanting to vomit, caused by an illness or something frightening or shocking
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Examples

Nausea and vomiting often accompany these symptoms.

I had nausea.

People used it as a pain reliever to treat nausea and even to soothe the gums of teething babies.

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nauseous

nauseous

/ˈnɔʃəs/
adjective
feeling as if one is likely to vomit
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Examples

I constantly have a nauseous feeling</i> <i> in my stomach.

- I'm feeling nauseous.

If you get motion sickness, you might feel nauseous, like you’re about to throw up.

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niggle

niggle

/nˈɪɡəl/
noun
slight pain or discomfort in specific parts of one's body
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Examples

But, straightaway, I must tell you there's a bit of a niggle.

But these niggles were overshadowed by the big one.

As we sorted out our little niggles, the tally continued to mount.

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outbreak

outbreak

/ˈaʊtˌbɹeɪk/
noun
the unexpected start of something terrible, such as a disease or war
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Examples

And it was the COVID outbreak in the spring of 2020 that launched him to international celebrity status.

The company says its first real uptick in demand came in 2014 with the outbreak of Ebola.

- [Narrator] His administration created a 381 page outbreak response plan.

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out of breath

out of breath

/ˌaʊɾəv bɹˈɛθ/
phrase
breathing rapidly or gasping for air, usually after doing any vigorous activity

Examples

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pain

pain

/ˈpeɪn/
noun
unpleasant feeling caused by an illness or injury
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Examples

He will suffer terrible stomach pains.

Sometimes he had seen a sadness in her gentle face, and it filled him with pain.

I felt the blood running down my face, and the pain gave me strength.

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painful

painful

/ˈpeɪnfəɫ/
adjective
making one experience pain
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Examples

I stayed silent, listening to these painful reminders. '

That was painful.

I had bronchitis that was just painful.

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pale

pale

/ˈpeɪɫ/
adjective
having less color than usual, caused by fear, illness, etc.
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Examples

You look pale.

Gertrude’s face was pale.

Why don't you turn pale?'

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pallid

pallid

/ˈpæɫəd/
adjective
abnormally deficient in color as suggesting physical or emotional distress

Examples

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pallor

pallor

/pˈælɚ/
noun
the condition of having an unhealthy pale appearance as a result of illness, emotional distress, etc.

Examples

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to pass out

to pass out

/pˈæs ˈaʊt/
verb
to lose consciousness
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Examples

So if I accidentally pass out, that's why.

They make me feel just really hot and like I'm gonna pass out.

I passed out almost immediately and slept so hard.

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pathogen

pathogen

/ˈpæθədʒən/
noun
any organism that can cause disease
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Examples

I am a special pathogens specialist for a healthcare system in New York City.

It breaks open the protein shell of a pathogen.

So imagine a pathogen and everybody's seen a cell under a microscope.

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pathological

pathological

/ˌpæθəˈɫɑdʒɪkəɫ/
adjective
relating to or caused by a disease or illness
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Examples

Tokophobia is a pathological fear of pregnancy and can lead to avoidance of childbirth.

Now, we use narcissism to mean pathological self-involvement.

Cold Fusion] Finally, we come to what might be the best example of pathological science: cold fusion.

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obese

obese

/əˈbis/, /oʊˈbis/
adjective
very fat in an unhealthy way
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Examples

Nba contracts are very similar to them obese contracts.

You're not going to be obese.

Breakfast skipping causes you to be obese.

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to overeat

to overeat

/ˈoʊvɝˌit/
verb
to eat excessively, especially to the point that makes one feel sick or uncomfortable
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Examples

How do we beat overeating?

Yeah, I'm overeating a little bit.

Appetite changes that can be undereating or overeating or even having food cravings.

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overeating

overeating

/ˈoʊvɝˈitɪŋ/
noun
the act of consuming more food than one's body needs
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Examples

Eventually, scientists may be able to use this information to better understand overeating and obesity.

These hormones help the body signal when we are full, to prevent overeating.

So in this case, overeating, wouldn't be something that you do intentionally or consciously.

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overweight

overweight

/ˌoʊvɝˈweɪt/
adjective
weighing too much or more than what is desired or expected
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Examples

He was severely overweight, so he needed an exercise program for his own health.

Oh, she sees herself as being overweight

Whereas the vast majority of people in North America are overweight!

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non-malignant

non-malignant

/nˈɑːnməlˈɪɡnənt/
adjective
‌(of a tumor) non-cancerous and lacking the ability to invade other nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body

Examples

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notifiable

notifiable

/nˈoʊɾɪfˌaɪəbəl/
adjective
(of a disease or a crime) so chronic or serious that requires official notification and must be reported to the appropriate authorities

Examples

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pandemic

pandemic

/pænˈdɛmɪk/
noun
a disease that spreads across a large region or even across the world
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Examples

How do you communicate with doctors during this pandemic?

Purchase prices have stabilized recently due to new policies, political unrest, and the global pandemic.

Then in 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic closed down clothing factories in China.

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pandemic

pandemic

/pænˈdɛmɪk/
adjective
(of a disease) spreading rapidly and affecting many people across the world
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Examples

A decade later, the industry had just started to recover when the pandemic hit.

He was one of the medical advisors who introduced the concept of social distancing into the George W. Bush pandemic plan.

How do you communicate with doctors during this pandemic?

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parasite

parasite

/ˈpɛɹəˌsaɪt/
noun
(biology) a small organism that lives on or inside another organism, called a host, and is dependent on it for nutrition and growth
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Examples

The malaria cycle begins with tiny parasites.

These parasites reside in the bodies of Anopheles mosquitoes.

These deadly parasites cause malaria.

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patient zero

patient zero

/pˈeɪʃənt zˈiəɹoʊ/
noun
‌the first individual to be identified as the carrier of an infectious disease in a new outbreak region
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Examples

That would be patient zero.

Being the patient zero of a new animal-to-human plague is winning a terrible lottery.

Because, if you think about what the epidemic of poverty is, that boy is patient zero.

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peaked

peaked

/ˈpikt/
adjective
(of a person) pale, ill, or feeble
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Examples

- I feel quite peaked after eating that eyeball.

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peaky

peaky

/pˈiːki/
adjective
looking pale or being slightly ill

Examples

great

you-have-reviewed-all-the-words-in-this-lesson