# Conjunctions of Cause and Effect

Conjunctions of cause and effect are used to express the reason or the result of an action. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

## What Are Conjunctions of Cause and Effect?

Conjunctions of cause and effect are used to show the relationship between two clauses or phrases where one clause or phrase is the cause of the other. They indicate that one event or action causes another event or action to occur.

## Conjunctions of Cause

Here we will take a look at some common conjunctions of cause:

These conjunctions are used to introduce the clause that expresses the reason for an action or event. Check out the examples:

I couldn't reach her because she was busy with the kids.

Since I am ten years older than you, you can learn from my experience.

Using conjunctions of cause and effect to indicate reason

## Conjunctions of Effect

The conjunction of effect is used to express the result of an action or event that happens in the independent clause. Here is the conjunction of effect:

Take a look at some examples with the conjunction of effect:

I finally got my driving license, so my dad decided to buy me a car.

The teacher was just pretending to care, so I left the class.

## Punctuation Rules for Conjunctions of Cause

'Because' and 'since' can be used at the beginning of a sentence to introduce a clause that expresses the cause of an action or event. However, when using these conjunctions, it is important to use a comma to separate the clauses. Here are the examples:

Because I got graduated from high school, I decided to look for a job.

Since I've lost all the money, we should move into a smaller house.

These subordinating conjunctions can also be used in the middle of the clauses, and in this case, they are not followed by a comma. Check out the examples:

She was scared of swimming because they pushed her in the pool once.

Let's order a pizza since the pasta is burnt.

## Punctuation Rule for Conjunction of Effect

Normally, you cannot use so at the beginning of a sentence and when it is used between the clauses, it has to be preceded by a comma. For example:

My cat is white, so this one is not mine.

He is a wonderful doctor, so he deserves the prize.

## Review

Conjunctions of cause and effect are subbordinating conjunctions that are used to link two clauses. Here are the conjunctions.

1. Because
2. Since
3. So

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