Where vs. Whereby

'Where' and 'whereby' are similar in appearance nut are there other similarities? In this lesson, we will learn more about these words.

"Where" vs. "Whereby" in the English grammar

What Is Their Main Difference?

The main difference between 'where' and 'whereby' is that 'where' talks about location and 'whereby' talks about method.

Parts of Speech

Relative Adverb

'Where' and 'whereby' can function as relative adverbs. In this case we use:
'Where' to express location and 'whereby' to express the meaning 'by which.'

I don't know where they are going to meet.

They have a plan whereby you can find all the necessary locations marked.

Interrogative Adverb

'Where' and 'whereby' function as interrogative adverbs.
'Where' is used to ask about the location of something or someone.
'Whereby' is used to ask how something was done; however, it considered to be obsolete.

Where is the meeting?

Where are your friends?

Frequency and Formality

'Where' is one of the most commonly used words in the English language. It can be used in formal and informal contexts.
'Whereby' is not as common as 'where' and it is mainly used in formal writing. Speakers mainly avoid using this word.

Are They Interchangeable?

'Where' and 'whereby' may be similar in their parts of speech and appearance; however, they cannot be used interchangeably as they express different meanings.

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