English Etymology and Morphology

Etymology means the study of the origins, history, and changing meanings of words in a language. In this section, we will discuss this aspect of language.

Word Formation Processes

Word Formation Processes

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In linguistics, there are many ways for creating a new word. In this lesson, we will get to know all the word-formation processes in the English language.
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Loan Words and Calque

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Sometimes we adopt a word from a language and translate it more or less literally. And Sometimes, we borrow words directly from another language. Let's learn!
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Compounding and Blending

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The act of making a new word using an old one is called derivation in English. And Compounding is creating words by combining two or more words. Let's learn!
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Affixes

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Affixes are like codes in a code language. With their help, you can decode the words in a language. Let's take a closer look at these codes!
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Prefixes

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Prefixes are a group of letters that are placed at the beginning of the base of a word to changes its meaning and/or parts of speech.
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Suffixes

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Suffixes are particles with separate meanings placed at the end of a root or a stem. Adding them to our words defines the final meaning of the whole term.
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Abbreviations

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Abbreviations are shortened forms of words or phrases. They normally represent a whole sentence or phrase. Ready to learn them?
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Coinage and Eponyms

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Have you ever wondered where the word 'teddy bear' came from? In this lesson, we are going to talk about coinage and eponyms. Let's learn!
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Back-Formation and Conversion

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Sometimes we can make a new word by shortening a long word and sometimes we can create a new word without changing anything. Isn't it interesting? Let's see.
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Clipping and Hypocorism

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In English, we have multiple ways of shortening a long word. In this lesson, we're going to learn two of them that won't change a word's meaning. Let's start.
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Dialects

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More than 160 English dialects exist in the world. So not all English speakers talk the same. In this lesson, we're going to learn the main ones.
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Morphology

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Every word is consisted of one or more than one part. In this lesson, we're going to analyze words in detail. Let's find out.
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Lexical Relations

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In our everyday life, we can easily notice that words have different relationships with each other. In this lesson, we're going to learn them one by one.
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Etymology and Morphology

What Are Etymology and Morphology

Etymology is the history of a word or phrase and traces its developments and relationships. Morphology is the science and the study of word-formation. In this section, we will discover more about related topics:

  • Word formation processes
  • Loan words vs. Calque
  • Compounding and blending
  • Affixes
  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Abbreviations

Word formation processes are used to create new words in the English language in many different ways.
Further into the section, we will uncover the mystery of Loan Words vs. Calque. Loan words are words that come from a language and are used in another language. Calque are words that are translated into another language.
Compounding and blending are another lesson. They are ways to create words by attaching two different words or mixing two different words.
Affixes are a group of letters that are attached to the beginning (prefix) or to the end (suffix) of a word.
Abbreviations are when phrases or words are shortened and are used to save time and space while writing or reading something.

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