His refers to the male animal or person. In this lesson, we will discuss when and how to use it.
1. 'His' as a Possessive Determiner
His as a possessive determiner is used to modify the following noun. Here are its uses:
- His is used to show the possessions of a male animal or person. For example:
Alan is a hardworking man.
'His' is used to refer to 'Alan.'
- His can be generic. His is used to refer to a person without saying their gender. Look:
Everybody should know
'His' is generic.
- His, in some religions, is used to refer to God. Remember that His is always written with a capital 'H'. For example:
His is also used to refer to someone of a royal family, like kings, princes, dukes, etc. Take a look at the following example:
Position in a Sentence
His as a possessive determiner is used before nouns or noun phrases. Look:
'His' is used before the noun 'book.'
2. 'His' as a Possessive Pronoun
His as a possessive pronoun is generally used to refer to the connections and possessions of a male person or animal. Look:
- His as a possessive pronoun is used to talk about things that a male person or animal owns. For example:
I couldn't believe that the car was
The mug with blueprints on it, is
- His is used to refer to a male person's relationships like family, friends, colleagues, etc. Have a look:
My colleagues aren't friendly, but
The first 'his' is a possessive determiner because it precedes a noun but the second 'his' is a possessive pronoun.
- His is also used to refer to body parts. Take a look at the following examples:
Normally bones heal faster, but not
'His' means 'his bones.'
The second 'his' is a possessive pronoun.
Position in a Sentence
His as a possessive pronoun replaces a noun. Remember that the verb after his agrees with the antecedent. Here are some examples:
I have brought your book, but not
'His' is an object for the verb 'bring.'
My computer works but
'His' is a subject.
'His' and the Preposition 'of'
In the structure determiner + noun + of + his, the noun becomes indefinite. This structure is used to show possession. Look:
We do not know which sister.
Another structure is determiner + noun + of + his own. This structure emphasizes that something belongs to a male person or animal. Look:
'A pet that belongs only to him.'