Interjections and exclamations are different from each other. They are special words and part of speech. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

Interjections in the English Language

What Are Interjections?

Interjections are words or phrases that are used to express sudden feelings or reactions such as anger, surprise, happiness, etc.

Types of Interjections

Interjections are a broad category and the include many different types, such as:

  1. exclamations (ouch!, wow!)
  2. curses (damn!)
  3. greetings (hey, bye)
  4. response particles (okay, oh!, m-hm, huh?)
  5. hesitation markers (uh, er, um)
  6. other words (stop, cool)


Interjections are considered a kind of part of speech, while exclamations are not. Exclamations are more like a noise than a word.

Ugh! How can you eat that stuff?

Wow! I can't believe you are this cruel.

Rules to Use Interjections

Interjections are usually used at the beginning of the sentence. Interjections can be in form of a word, a phrase, or even a short clause. For example:

Hey! You are here!

oh, that is him.

How to Use Punctuation with Interjection

An exclamation mark with interjections expresses a very strong feeling; however, using a comma means there is a weaker feeling. Using a question mark after an interjection expresses doubt or disbelief. For example:

Eww! You are disgusting.

Damn it, we lost.

Let's go? Are you kidding?

How Do We Use Exclamations?

Interjections usually are used alone and an exclamation mark is put after them. They can also consist of:

  1. what + noun phrase
  2. how + adjective

How silly!

What a day!


You can use interjections to greet or express congratulations. Here are the examples:



What Is a Primary and a Secondary Interjection?

Primary interjections are words that do not have a special meaning unless they are used to show a strong feeling. Secondary interjections are, in fact, exclamations that are derived from other words and they can be used to swear or greet, or even to say congratulations. For example:

Ooh, that is beautiful. → primary interjection

Oh My God! He is cute. → secondary interjection


Interjections are used to express strong feelings such as anger, happiness, joy, etc. Interjections are categorized into two groups:

  1. primary interjections
  2. secondary interjections (exclamations)


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