Subjunctive Mood for intermediate learners

Subjunctive is a form or mood of verbs that helps us talk about wishes, possibility or uncertainty. To learn about this mood, start reading this article.

"Subjunctive Mood" in English Grammar

What Is Subjunctive Mood?

The subjunctive mood indicates situations that are unreal and hypothetical. This mood is often used to convey ideas that are not necessarily based on reality, but rather express a wish or desire.

Subjunctive Mood: Structure

Subjunctive verbs are typically, although not always, used in sentences with two clauses. The subjunctive verb appears in the subordinate clauses, while the other clause contains an indicative verb. Pay attention to the examples:

I wish that I could afford a new car.

I suggest you call him first.

Verb Structure

Verbs change form when used in the subjunctive mood. The changes are as follows:

Normal Form Subjunctive Form
Am/is/are be
Has have
Was were
Third-person singulars verbs without 's' or 'es'

You are courageous. → I suggest that you be courageous.

She has a brand new phone. → I suggest she have a brand new phone.

I was in a good mood. → I wish I were in a good mood.

He exercises every day. → I suggest he exercise every day.


The subjunctive mood can be used to express ideas or events that are hypothetical or not based on facts. We use it to express:

  1. Wishes
  2. Demands
  3. Suggestions
  4. Necessity

I wished Sam were with me. (wishes)

I demand that he apologize. (demands)

I suggested that she go and see a doctor. (suggestions)

It's necessary that they be heard. (necessities)


Loading recaptcha

You might also like


Moods and tenses are different concepts in English grammar that are widely confused. In this lesson, we will learn all about moods in English grammar.

Declarative Mood

There are different types of moods in English. Each shows a special manner toward the subject. In this article, we will focus on the declarative mood.

Imperative Mood

If you're wondering what the word 'imperative' means, in grammar, imperatives are verbs that are used to tell somebody what to do or not to do.

Interrogative Mood

Interrogative mood is a form of verb that is used to ask questions. Now if you want to learn how to make questions correctly, read this article.

Exclamatory Mood

There are six moods in English grammar. In this article, we will focus on the exclamatory mood. Exclamatives are moods of feelings.

Conditional Mood

Have you ever thought about something that might have happened if there was a different situation in the past? Conditionals help us talk about possibilities.
Download LanGeek app