Conditional Mood for intermediate learners

Have you ever thought about something that might have happened if there was a different situation in the past? Conditionals help us talk about possibilities.

"Conditional Mood" in the English Grammar

What Is Conditional Mood?

Conditional mood is a grammatical mood used to express a hypothetical or uncertain situation, often dependent on a certain condition or circumstance.

If he eats too much, he gains weight soon.


Sentences in the conditional mood normally have two clauses: the main clause and a subordinate clause containing the word 'if.'

If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.

'If it doesn't rain' is dependent to the main clause.

If I had a son, I would name him Johnathan.

Conditionals: Types

There are different types of conditional sentences:

Zero Conditional

This type of conditional sentence expresses a general truth or fact that always happens when the condition is met. For example:

If you heat ice, it melts.

Conditional type I

This type of conditional sentence expresses a possible future situation that may happen if the condition is met. For example

If it rains tomorrow, I will stay home.

Conditional type II

This type of conditional sentence expresses an unlikely or imaginary situation that is unlikely to happen in the future. For example:

If I won the lottery, I would buy a house.

Conditional type III

This type of conditional sentence expresses a hypothetical situation that did not happen in the past. For example:

If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.


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Exclamatory Mood

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Zero Conditional

'If you don't eat or drink, you die'. 'If you heat water, it boils'. Zero conditional is used to talk about facts or situations which are always true.

Conditional I

We use the conditional Type 1 when we want to talk about situations we believe are real or possible in the future. 'If I study hard, I'll pass the exam.'

Conditional II

Type 2 conditional sentences talk about situations that are hypothetical. There is a possibility that the condition will be fulfilled.
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