With vs. Within

In this lesson, we will learn the differences between 'with' and 'within' and when to use them.

"With" vs. "Within" in the English grammar

What Is Their Main Difference?

The main difference between 'with' and 'within' is that 'within' is used as an adverb and a preposition while 'with' is used only as a preposition.


'With' can be used as a preposition:

  • To indicate that something or someone was accompanied by another:

She was with her parents.

They brought water with the main course because it was spicy.

  • To show that something is in the possession of someone or something. This can be a unique trait or an item:

The girl with brown hair scremed.

The table with weird-looking legs was sold.


'Within' can be used as a prepostion to show that something is inside a boundary. This boundary could be physical or a concept like time. Have a look:

My only rival is within.

Here, it is referring to the concept of a rival being inside the mind of the speaker.

I'm within the 10 meters perimeter of the base.

Here, the boundary is a location.

He wakes up within the time frame that the household requires.

Here, the boundary is a time frame.

'Within' can also be used as an adverb to convey the meaning of 'inside.' For example:

The victims were buried within the concrete.

The clues are within the story lines.


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