Types of Adverbs in English Grammar
Adverbs give us a description of a verb in a sentence. There are five basic types of adverbs in the English language.
Adverbs are words that add more information to a verb, an adjective, a phrase or another adverb. It tells when, where, and how an action is performed or indicates the quality or degree of the action.
Types of Adverbs
There are five basic types of adverbs in the English language:
- Adverbs of Manner
- Adverbs of Time
- Adverbs of Place and Direction
- Adverbs of Frequency
- Adverbs of Degree
Adverbs of Manner
Adverbs of manner answer the question 'how is the action performed?' Adverbs of manner are probably the most common of all adverbs. Most of them will end in –ly.
Adverbs of Time
An adverb of time tell us about 'when' a verb takes place; it also tell us for 'how long'. They are extremely common in English. Adverbs of time are usually placed at the beginning or end of a sentence.
Adverbs answering to the question 'when?' are usually placed at the end of the sentence.
Putting an adverb of time at the end of a sentence is the most common position, but these adverbs can be put in other positions to give a different emphasis.
Adverbs answering to the question 'how long?' are also usually placed at the end of the sentence.
Sometimes adverbial phrases that answer to the question 'how long?' is followed by two propositions: for and since.
- for is always followed by an expression of duration,
- since is always followed by an expression of a point in time.
Adverbs of Frequency
Adverbs of frequency tell us 'how often' is the frequency of an action.
They are usually placed:
- before the main verb
- after auxiliary verbs
- after the verb 'to be'
Adverbs of Degree
Degree adverbs express the degree or level of the action in the sentence. They answer the question 'how much is the action performed?'. Adverbs of degree are usually placed before the adjective, adverb, or verb that they modify, but that is not always the case.