Indefinite Determiners

Indefinite determiners are determiners that express quantity or the indefinite ideas of quality. They agree in number and gender with the noun they modify.

Indefinite Determiners in English Grammar

Indefinite determiners (which are also called quantifiers) are determiners that express quantity or indefinite ideas of quality. We use quantifiers when we want to answer the questions 'how much' or 'how many' and give someone information about the number of something.
Based on whether a noun is countable or uncountable, we can categorize the quantifiers into 3 groups:

  1. Quantifiers with countable and uncountable nouns
  2. Quantifiers with countable nouns
  3. Quantifiers with uncountable nouns

Quantifiers with countable and uncountable nouns

We can use these quantifiers with both countable and uncountable nouns:

  • more/most
  • no/none
  • any/some
  • a lot of/lots of
  • plenty of
  • enough
  • all

More and Most

'More' is used as the comparative form of 'much', 'many' and 'a lot of'.
It indicates a greater amount or number than that is indicated by much or many.

Do you want more money?

We need more time to finish this project.

'Most' is used as the superlative of 'much', 'many', and 'a lot of'.
It indicates the greatest in number, quantity, etc. Notice that when used in comparisons, 'most' is used with 'the'.

He was the most obnoxious guy I've ever seen!

Most people like to have a stable salary.

Notice that more and most can also be pronouns. In this case, they come alone and are not followed by a noun or a noun phrase.

I want more!

Who ate the most?

Any and Some

'Some' is used both with uncountable nouns and countable nouns (when they're plural). When the amount of something is not specifically mentioned we use 'some'.

I want some milk for my breakfast.

Some cookies have raisins in them and some have chocolate chips.

In negative sentences and questions any is usually used instead of 'some'. It is used to refer to an amount or a number of something.

I don't want any money.

Does she need any help?

a Lot of and Lots of

'A lot of' and 'lots of' are synonymous. They both mean a large number of people or things or a big amount of things. They both can be used with countable and uncountable nouns.

a Lot of and Lots of with Countable Nouns

A lot of people came to watch the movie.

I read a lot of books.

a Lot of and Lots of with Uncountable Nouns

It was a lot of fun.

He drinks lots of coffee.

Review

Quantifiers (also called indefinite determiners) are the words that are used before adjectives, adverbs, or nouns to make them stronger or weaker. Based on the type of noun that follows them they are put in 3 groups.

  1. quantifiers for countable nouns
  2. quantifiers for uncountable nouns
  3. quantifiers for uncountable and countable nouns

Let us see the members of each group.

quantifiers for uncountable and countable nouns \More/ most/ no/ any/ some/ enough/ plenty of/ a lot of/ lots of Plenty of our problems is because of my son not being responsible for his actions. A lot of my friends are trying to get an scholarship. I need more time to finish the project. No butter is left. she hated most of her school chores. He didn't need any help.

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Interrogative Determiners

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Demonstrative Determiners

Demonstrative determiners in English are this, these, that and those. They are used to identify the person or thing that is being referred to.

Indefinite Articles

The indefinite articles in English language are 'a/an'. They refer to a noun for the first time or a general noun when its identity is unknown.

Definite Article

The definite article in English language is 'the. It is used before a noun to show that the noun is known to the reader. Learn about this useful article!