And we meet again. In this lesson, we will learn about all the sounds of the letter N. It is the fourteenth letter of the English alphabet. Let's go.

"The Letter N" in the English Alphabet

N is the fourteenth letter in the English alphabet. It is also a consonant.

Consonants are the letters that are produced by stopping the letter from flowing easily.

Uppercase Form N
Lowercase n
Name en (pronounced /ˈɛn/)
Main Sound /n/

The Letter N: Sounds

The letter N only has two sounds:

Sound 1: /n/

'N' generally sounds /n/:

nanny /ˈnæni/

corn /kɔːrn/

number /ˈnʌmbər/

Sound 2: /∅/

'mn' sounds /m/, the letter 'n' is silent /∅/:

column /ˈkɑːləm/

hymn /hɪm/

autumn /ˈɔːtəm/

The Letter N: Multigraphs

Letter N can also appear in combinations with other letters (mainly consonants).

nn

'nn' sounds /n/:

penny /ˈpeni/

fennel /ˈfenl/

dinner /ˈdɪnər/

nk

'nk' after a vowel sounds /ŋ/:

bank /bæŋk/

bunk /bʌŋk/

tank /tæŋk/

kn

'kn' sounds /n/, in other words, 'k' is silent /∅/:

knock /nɑːk/

know /nəʊ/

knee /niː/

pn

'pn' sounds /n/, in other words, 'p' is silent /∅/:

pneumatic /nuːˈmætɪk/

pneumonia /nuːˈməʊniə/

ng

'ng' sounds /ŋ/:

ring /rɪŋ/

king /kɪŋ/

boomerang /ˈbuːməræŋ/

length /leŋkθ/

'ng' also sounds /ng/:

engulf /ɪnˈɡʌlf/

angle /ˈæŋɡl/

finger /ˈfɪŋɡər/

ngh

'ngh' sounds /ŋ/; however, it also sounds /ŋɡ/:

dinghy /ˈdɪŋi/ /ˈdɪŋɡi/

gingham /ˈɡɪŋəm/

ngue

'ngue' sounds /ŋ/:

tongue /tʌŋ/

meringue /məˈræŋ/

gn

'gn' sounds /n/, in other words, 'g' is silent /∅/:

sign /saɪn/

gnat /næt/

gnome /nəʊm/

foreigner /ˈfɔːrənər/

'gn' also sounds /gn/:

magnetic /mæɡˈnetɪk/

signature /ˈsɪɡnətʃər/

signal /ˈsɪɡnəl/

Tip

'gn' also sounds /nj/ in the word lasagna:

lasagna /ləˈzɑːnjə/

The Letter N: Uses

N is also used as:
An abbreviation of the word noun
An abbreviation of north; northern

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