'Else' mainly functions as an adverb in the English language. In this lesson, we will discuss how to learn and use it.
Functions of 'Else'
'Else' as an Adverb
As mentioned above, 'else' mainly functions as an adverb. Now, let us analyze the kinds of adverbs it can be:
'Else' as an Adverb of Manner
'Else' mainly joins wh-words like who, what, where, etc., and indefinite pronouns like 'anything', 'anyone', someone', etc. It is used to show something or someone different or extra. Look at the examples below for more clarification:
As you can see, the sentence is referring to other people different from the addressee.
I don't understand it when you say we could go somewhere
Position in a Sentence
Since 'else' is an adverb and as it was mentioned it modifies wh-words and indefinite pronouns, it comes after them to describe them. Take a look at the following examples for more clarification:
Jimmy said we must move somewhere
Idioms and Expressions with 'Else'
We have very few idioms with 'else' in the English language. Below, we are going to learn all about them:
- Or else: This one is used to to indicate the consequences of something, and also when we want to show the second of two possibilities:
Just run straight through that wall
My dad either slept well last night
- If all else fails: This one is used to indicate what will happen if all the ways you tried has been fruitless:
What should we do