Adverbs

Adverbs are words that can modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. So if you are not familiar with the concept of adverbs yet, read this.

Adverbs in the English Grammar

What Are Adverbs?

'Adverbs' are words that are used to modify 'adjectives,' 'verbs,' and other 'adverbs.' They can express the relation of the sentence to place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc. Most adverbs can modify main verbs. But there are still verbs that are not followed by adverbs and they are mostly defined by adjectives. An adverb answers the question when?, where?, how?, how much?, how long?, or how often?

Types of Adverbs

Adverbs of Manner

'Adverbs of manner' tell us how an action takes place. Lots of adverbs of manner are adjectives with the suffix '-ly' added to the end. For example, 'slowly,' 'quickly,' 'loudly,' 'quietly.'

The man ran quickly out of the court.

The turtle crawled slowly over the street.

Adverbs of Place

'Adverbs of place' tell us where an action occurs. These adverbs do not usually end in -ly. Adverbs of place can be further categorized by these elements: For example, 'inside,' 'around.'

  1. To show directions: 'down,' 'north,' 'up,' 'left'
  2. To show distance: 'close,' 'far away'
  3. To show position: 'here,' 'underneath'

I was standing near him.

We went to the left.

Adverbs of Time

'Adverbs of time' tell us when an action occurs. These adverbs are usually placed at the end of a sentence. For example, 'yesterday,' 'now,' 'next week.'

Yesterday was her wedding day.

I will go on a trip next week.

Adverbs of Frequency

'Adverbs of frequency' tell us how often an action occurs. These adverbs will usually be placed after the main verb or between the auxiliary verb and infinitive. For example, 'usually,' 'always,' 'normally.'

They usually go hiking at the weekends.

I am always late for my classes.

using an adverb of manner in a sentence

Positions of Adverbs

Adverbs can appear in different positions in a sentence. They can appear at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a sentence. Adverbs must be as close as possible to the words they are supposed to describe.

Sometimes, it is good to have someone to talk.

They went on their honey moon, last month.

Order of Adverbs

If you want to use more than one 'adverb' in a sentence, it is important to know how to place them in a specific order. There is a simple set of rules to follow, called the order of adverbs. The adverbs are placed first in the following order:

  1. Adverbs of manner
  2. Adverbs of place
  3. Adverbs of frequency
  4. Adverbs of time

I run quickly (manner) down the road (place) every morning (frequency) before school (time).

I study carefully (manner) at school (place), because I have to become an engineer.

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs

'Adverbs,' like adjectives, can show degrees of comparison. But it’s less common to use them in comparison.

  • To make the comparative form of a two or more-syllable adverb you add 'more' before the adverb.
  • To make the superlative form of a two or more syllable adverb you add 'most' before the adverb.

She walked more quickly than the others.

She walked the most quickly of them all.

With adverbs that look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts, the comparative and superlative forms look the same as the adjective comparative and superlative forms.

She speaks faster than Sara and I cannot understand anything.

Here in this example, fast is an adverb which is the same as the adjective 'fast'.

Maria works harder than before, in order to buy a new car.

Adverbs with Linking Verbs

They are some linking verbs that are mostly followed by adjectives not adverbs. Such as smell, feel, appear, etc.

The food smells good. (Not "The food smells well.")

Adverbial Phrases

As you might know, phrases are sets of words that are considered as a single word. 'Adverbial phrases' are groups of words that act as adverbs. Unlike 'adverbial clauses,' phrases do not need to have 'subjects' or 'verbs.' Check out the examples for more clarification.

I will talk to my father in the morning.

His car is parked on the corner.

Adverbial Clauses

Clauses contain one subject and one verb. Without having a subject and verb we cannot make clauses. 'Adverbial clauses,' as a result, have subject and verb. They are made up of a set of words and play the role of an adverb. Look at the examples.

The bosses signed the contracts after they had talked on the subjects.

He shouted like a tiger roars.

Review

Adverbs are used to modify adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. There are different types of adverbs in English. Check out the list.

  • adverbs of manner
  • adverbs of place
  • adverbs of time
  • adverbs of frequency

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Adverb Placement and Order

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Types of Adverbs

Adverbs give us a description of a verb in a sentence. There are five basic types of adverbs in the English language.

Comparative and Superlative Adverbs

Adverbs are used to modify adjectives adverbs and verbs, but what if we want to make a comparison between things by using these adverbs? Read more.

Demonstrative Adverbs

Demonstrative adverbs emphasize the location of something in relation to the speaker. In this lesson, we will learn all about them.

Relative Adverbs

Relative adverbs are words that give us more description for nouns, the people, places, or things being discussed. Let's get to know them better.

Interrogative Adverbs

Interrogative adverbs are words such as 'why' and 'where' that are used to ask questions. In this lesson, we will learn more about them.

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