What Are Adverbs?
'Adverbs' are words that are used to modify 'adjectives,' 'verbs,' and other 'adverbs.' They can express the relation of the sentence to place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc. Most adverbs can modify main verbs. But there are still verbs that are not followed by adverbs and they are mostly defined by adjectives. An adverb answers the question when?, where?, how?, how much?, how long?, or how often?
Types of Adverbs
Adverbs of Manner
'Adverbs of manner' tell us how an action takes place. Lots of adverbs of manner are adjectives with the suffix '-ly' added to the end. For example, 'slowly,' 'quickly,' 'loudly,' 'quietly.'
The man ran
The turtle crawled
Adverbs of Place
'Adverbs of place' tell us where an action occurs. These adverbs do not usually end in -ly. Adverbs of place can be further categorized by these elements: For example, 'inside,' 'around.'
- To show directions: 'down,' 'north,' 'up,' 'left'
- To show distance: 'close,' 'far away'
- To show position: 'here,' 'underneath'
I was standing
We went to the
Adverbs of Time
'Adverbs of time' tell us when an action occurs. These adverbs are usually placed at the end of a sentence. For example, 'yesterday,' 'now,' 'next week.'
I will go on a trip
Adverbs of Frequency
'Adverbs of frequency' tell us how often an action occurs. These adverbs will usually be placed after the main verb or between the auxiliary verb and infinitive. For example, 'usually,' 'always,' 'normally.'
Positions of Adverbs
Adverbs can appear in different positions in a sentence. They can appear at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a sentence. Adverbs must be as close as possible to the words they are supposed to describe.
They went on their honey moon,
Order of Adverbs
If you want to use more than one 'adverb' in a sentence, it is important to know how to place them in a specific order. There is a simple set of rules to follow, called the order of adverbs. The adverbs are placed first in the following order:
- Adverbs of manner
- Adverbs of place
- Adverbs of frequency
- Adverbs of time
Comparative and Superlative Adverbs
'Adverbs,' like adjectives, can show degrees of comparison. But it’s less common to use them in comparison.
- To make the comparative form of a two or more-syllable adverb you add 'more' before the adverb.
- To make the superlative form of a two or more syllable adverb you add 'most' before the adverb.
She walked the
With adverbs that look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts, the comparative and superlative forms look the same as the adjective comparative and superlative forms.
Here in this example, fast is an adverb which is the same as the adjective 'fast'.
They are some linking verbs that are mostly followed by adjectives not adverbs. Such as smell, feel, appear, etc.
The food smells
As you might know, phrases are sets of words that are considered as a single word. 'Adverbial phrases' are groups of words that act as adverbs. Unlike 'adverbial clauses,' phrases do not need to have 'subjects' or 'verbs.' Check out the examples for more clarification.
I will talk to my father
His car is parked
Clauses contain one subject and one verb. Without having a subject and verb we cannot make clauses. 'Adverbial clauses,' as a result, have subject and verb. They are made up of a set of words and play the role of an adverb. Look at the examples.
The bosses signed the contracts
Adverbs are used to modify adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. There are different types of adverbs in English. Check out the list.
- adverbs of manner
- adverbs of place
- adverbs of time
- adverbs of frequency