What Is Zero Conditional?
Zero conditional is a type of conditional sentence that expresses a general truth or fact that always happens when the condition is met.
A zero conditional sentence consists of two clauses:
The verb in both clauses of a zero conditional, is in the simple present tense.
When the 'if' clause comes first, usually a comma is used between clauses. When the 'if' follows the main clause, there is no need for a comma. Pay attention to the examples:
You catch a cold
The zero conditional is used to present a general statement, a scientific fact, or any kind of truth relating to the real world.
- A general statement:
As you can see, both tenses are simple present and there is no need for auxiliary verbs or modals.
The streets are dangerous
- A scientific fact:
Your mental health declines
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Have you ever thought about something that might have happened if there was a different situation in the past? Conditionals help us talk about possibilities.
We use the conditional Type 1 when we want to talk about situations we believe are real or possible in the future. 'If I study hard, I'll pass the exam.'
Type 2 conditional sentences talk about situations that are hypothetical. There is a possibility that the condition will be fulfilled.