What Are Independent Clauses?
As you may know, there are two types of clauses in English: independent clauses and dependent clauses. Independent clauses are complete sentences that can stand on their own and do not require anything else to be grammatically correct.
Independent Clauses: Types
Independent clauses can form different kinds of sentences together. Look at the list below:
In this lesson, we are going to discuss simple and compound sentences.
Simple sentences consist of one independent clause and are complete on their own. Look at the following examples:
Hannah and her friend are going to the party.
I don't want to talk to people.
He is writing an article on this book.
When we connect two independent clauses together, we form a compound sentence. We mainly use coordinating conjunctions for this purpose. Note that each sentence has its own complete meaning. Look at the following examples:
They are going to the party
Sally is washing the dishes
Hannah will be doing her homework
Independent Clauses: Structure
An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. The subject of the independent clause can be a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun, and the clause may also contain additional words or phrases that provide further explanation or detail about the subject. Look at the following examples:
Here, we have a subject, the main verb, an auxiliary verb and a prepositional phrase.
Connecting Two Independent Clauses
As it was mentioned earlier, we can use coordinating conjunctions to connect two independent clauses together. Look at the following list to have a quick review of them:
Now, let us examine some examples below:
She can solve her problems
The students have finally made their decision
I changed my mind ,
Keep in mind that coordinating conjunctions can sometimes function as subordinating conjunctions. For example:
I really like riding a bike
Independent Clauses Vs. Sentences
All independent clauses are sentences but not all sentences are independent clauses. Some sentences may have one or more dependent clauses. Look below:
I am watching Netflix.
This is an independent clause and it is a complete sentence.
Talking to a stranger, my mom suddenly fell to the floor.
Here, we have a dependent clause followed by an independent one in the sentence.
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Relative clauses give us more information about people and things. They are used to combine clauses and avoid repetition. Click here to learn!
Nominal Relative Clauses
Nominal relative clauses are used as different parts of speeches and act as a noun or a noun phrase. Click here to learn more!
Dependent clauses are clauses that cannot form sentences on their own. In this lesson, we will learn all about dependent clauses.
Restrictive and Non-restrictive Clauses
Restrictive clauses and phrases are necessary while non-restrictive clauses are not necessary for the sentence to have a meaningful thought.
To get to know participle clauses, first of all, you have to be familiar with the concept of participles and clauses separately.