Participle Prepositions

Some participles (i.e. verbs ending with '-ing', '-en' or '-ed') can sometimes act as a preposition. In this lesson, we will learn about the most common ones.

"Participle Prepositions" in English Grammar

What Are Participle Prepositions?

Participle prepositions are a type of preposition formed by using the participle form of a verb to function as a preposition. They are used to describe a specific action or state of something in a sentence.

Common Participle Prepositions

Some of the common participle prepositions in English are:

  • excluding
  • including
  • following
  • considering
  • regarding
  • notwithstanding
  • given

Including and Excluding

'Including' and 'excluding' are participle prepositions that are used to indicate the presence or absence of something in a larger group or category. 'Including' means that something or someone is part of a larger group or category. 'Excluding', on the other hand, means that something or someone is not part of a larger group or category. Take a look at the examples:

This watch is 200$, including tax.

Excluding the guest coming from Peru, we still have 15 guests coming to our house.

using a participle as a preposition


'Following' is used to indicate a sequence or order of events or actions. It can also indicate that something is happening or will happen as a result of something else. For example:

Following their agreements, they decided to raise the salary.


'Considering' is used to indicate that something is being taken into account or thought about in relation to something else. Pay attention to the following example:

Considering her tough divorce, she's up and about in no time and doing just fine.


'Regarding' is used to indicate that something is related to or concerning another thing or topic. It can also be used to introduce a topic or subject, especially in a formal context. For example:

I'm considering your request, regarding the talk we had earlier.

Regarding the upcoming board meeting, please be sure to review the agenda beforehand.


'Given' is used to indicate that a particular circumstance or condition is assumed or taken into account. For example:

Given her age, she is a fantastic yoga instructor.


Participle prepositions (also called participial prepositions) are participles that are used as prepositions. Remember participles are words that are used to make compound verbs, nouns, adjectives, and in some cases used as a preposition. They are formed by -ing, -ed, -en, etc.

Here are some participle prepositions:

1. excluding 5. regarding
2. including 6. notwithstanding
3. following 7. given
4. considering


Loading recaptcha

You might also like

Prepositions of Manner

Prepositions of Manner which is also called Prepositions of Method express how a certain thing happens or is done. In this part, we will discuss them.

Compound Prepositions

Compound Prepositions or complex prepositions consist of two or more words that function as a single preposition. You'll learn about them here!

Complex Prepositions

Complex prepositions are created by combining two or more simple prepositions like out of and as for. In this lesson, we will discover more about them.


Post means after therefore a preposition that comes after its complement or object is called a postposition.


Particles are words that have a grammatical function but do not fit into the main parts of speech. In order to learn about them, start studying them right here!


To connect two sentences to each other, we need some words to link them without breaking the structure of the sentences. Let us learn these linking words.
Download LanGeek app