Participle Prepositions

Some participles (i.e. verbs ending with '-ing', '-en' or '-ed') can sometimes act as a preposition. In this lesson, we will learn about the most common ones.

"Participle Prepositions" in English Grammar

What Are Participle Prepositions?

A participle is a word formed from a verb that ends in -ing, -ed, -en, etc. Participial prepositions or participle prepositions are participles that act as a preposition.

Here are some examples:

  • excluding
  • including
  • following
  • considering
  • regarding
  • notwithstanding
  • given

Including and Excluding

These two participle prepositions are opposites of each other. 'Including' means having something as part of a group or set.

This watch is 200$, including tax.

Excluding the guest coming from Peru, we still have 35 guest coming to our house.

using a participle as a preposition


As a preposition, 'following' means after or as a result of a particular thing or action.

Following their agreements, they decided to raise the salary.


'Considering' as a preposition means taking something into consideration.

Considering her tough divorce, she's up and about in no time and doing just fine.


'Regarding' means 'relating to' or 'about' something or someone.

I'm considering your request, regarding the talk we had earlier.


'Given' as a preposition is used when you want to say you are considering something as a valid point.

Given her age, she is a fantastic yoga instructor.


Participle prepositions (also called participial prepositions) are participles that are used as prepositions. Remember participles are words that are used to make compound verbs, nouns, adjectives, and in some cases used as a preposition. They are formed by -ing, -ed, -en, etc.

Here are some participle prepositions:

1. excluding 5. regarding
2. including 6. notwithstanding
3. following 7. given
4. considering


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