Prepositions of Manner

Prepositions of Manner which is also called Prepositions of Method express how a certain thing happens or is done. In this part, we will discuss them.

"Prepositions of Manner" in English Grammar

What Are Prepositions of Manner?

Prepositions of manner express the way something happens or how a certain thing happened or is done. We can further categorize the prepositions of manner into the following categories:

  • Prepositions of Method
  • Preposition of Instrument and Device
  • Preposition of Agency

Prepositions of Method

Preposition of manner or method shows in which method or manner something is done. The most famous prepositions that are used as prepositions of manner are:

  1. By
  2. With
  3. Like
  4. As
  5. In

By

The most common prepositions of manner is 'by'. We use 'by' when we talk about how an action happens. 'By' is used for showing in what way something is done. It is usually followed by a gerund or a noun.

By expressing your emotions, you can have a healthy relationship.

Like

'Like' as a preposition of method show the method with which something is done.

He's acting like there's nothing wrong with lying.

Don't look at me like that.

As

'As' plus a noun means 'in the role of'. It shows the method with which a particular thing was performed.

I dressed as Batman for Halloween.

He works as a chef.

With/Without

This preposition indicates our manner during the action. Look at this example:

Die with courage.

In

'In' can also be used as a preposition of manner usually with languages or how something is spoken or written. Look at the examples:

Helge wrote the letter in Swedish.

Sorry, I can't help you now. I'm in a hurry.

using the preposition of manner 'as' in a sentence

Preposition of Instrument and Device

Preposition of the instrument is used to show with the help of which or what object, something is done. The most important prepositions that are used as the prepositions of instruments are:

  1. By
  2. With
  3. On

By

By is also used to talk about means of transportation, and the passive voice. Look at the examples:

I always go to work by car.

All the books on that shelf were written by the same author.

With/Without

'With' talks about objects or instruments that are used to achieve something. It also shows how something is done and is often followed by a noun.

Cut this butter with this special knife.

On

'On' is another preposition of manner which expresses the method with which something was done.

Can I work on my essay on your laptop?

Dina came on her bike.

Preposition of Agency

Prepositions of agency are used to make clear that who or what caused something else to happen. We can use the following prepositions to indicate the causer of an action.

  1. By
  2. With

By

The preposition 'by' is usually used to express who did something. Usually, when the doer is a living thing you can use 'by' as a preposition of agency. Check out the examples:

This book is written by me.

The project is done by Alex.

With

The preposition 'with' indicates a company or union of the doers of action, as a preposition of agency. Let us take a look at the examples.

I cleaned the room with my sister.

He went shopping with his mother.

Review

Prepositions of manner are those propositions that refer to how things are done. Actually, they indicate the state of an action. Here are the most commonly used prepositions of manner. Remember it is good to learn them through examples.

1. by 2. with 3. like 4. on 5. as
We designed the Christmas tree by socks and lights. I cannot work with him he seems impossible. He smells like egg. I go to school everyday on a bus. We used our coat as a blanket.

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