It vs. He and She in English Grammar

Are They Interchangeable?

'It', 'she', and 'he' are personal pronouns that show person and number. 'He' and 'she' also show gender. Read this article to know these three pronouns.

It vs. He and She

Main Similarity

These three pronouns are third-person singular pronouns in the English language. 'He' and 'she' are the only gender-specific pronouns in English.

Main Difference

'He' mainly refers to a male person and 'she' to a female person.

'it' is a little more complicated. Not only it is used to refer to objects and non-human things, but it can also be used to refer to humans (male or female). Let's get to it.

'It' Referring to Humans

Normally 'it' is used to refer to an animal or a thing. However, in some contexts, 'it' can be used to refer to people. For example:

  • When we want to talk about a baby, especially one that we don't know their gender

Congratulation ! It's a boy !

My husbands hopes it will be a girl .

  • When we want to identify a person or telling someone who you are (especially on the phone at the door)

'Who is it ? ' 'It's me , Alan . '

'It's your brother on the phone . '

  • linkedin
  • linkedin
  • facebook
  • facebook
  • email

You might also like

How to Choose Between 'He' and 'They'

What should we choose when we do not want to be explicit about gender specificity? Well, in this lesson, you will learn about the new pronoun in English!

Read more

How to Choose Between 'She' and 'They'

In writing academically or speaking formally, it is important that you don’t distinguish between genders. Here we will learn how!

Read more

The Difference between 'She' and 'Her'

'She' and 'her' are both pronouns that are used to refer to nouns describing female persons and animals. To know their similarities and differences, click here!

Read more

What Is the Difference between 'We' and 'Us'?

'We' is a subject pronoun used as the subject of sentences. 'Us' is an object pronoun used as an object in a sentence. But can they be interchangeable?

Read more

How To Choose Between 'We' and 'They'

'We are the working class.' 'They are the upper class'. We use 'we' to refer to a group we feel belonged to and use 'they' when we feel a social distance.

Read more

Should We Use Plural Verbs or Singular Verbs?

'Singular they' is a relatively new personal pronoun that has been introduced in modern English. It's singular, but are we suppose to use singular verbs or not?

Read more