He vs. They

What should we choose when we do not want to be explicit about gender specificity? Well, in this lesson, you will learn about the new pronoun in English!

"He" vs. "They" in the English Grammar

Why Should We Care Which One to Choose?

In writing academically or speaking formally, it is important to choose your words in a way that you do not distinguish between genders or include both genders equally.
Nowadays, some people might find the gender-discrimination very offensive.

Singular 'They'

Singular 'they' is used instead of 'he' or 'she' to refer to a person whose sex is not mentioned or is unknown.
People who do not identify themselves as either male or female (non-binary people) usually prefer to be referred to as they.

Gender-Specific Pronouns

In English, in the third person singular pronouns (he, she, his, hers, etc.) the gender is expressed explicitly. There are no personal pronouns that can refer to someone without identifying whether that person is male or female.

Why the Singular 'They'?

That is why, in modern English, they have created a new pronoun called the singular 'they'. In the past, 'he' was used to refer to both men and women.

Every child needs to feel he is loved.

In modern English, this sentence is unacceptable. Instead, singular 'they' is used.

Every child needs to feel they are loved.

Other Ways to Avoid Gender Discrimination

Some people prefer to use he or she instead of 'they' in speech and writing:

Every child needs to feel he or she is loved.

Other Alternatives for Gender Neutrality

Another alternative for avoiding gender specificity is writing He/she or (s)he. But all these variations are a bit frowned upon. And your best choice is to use 'they'.

Your teacher can answer that for you. He/she can help you.

Your teacher can answer that for you. (S)he can help you.

It is better to try to change the sentence, using the singular 'they'.

Your teacher can answer that for you. They can help you.

Generic 'They'

With 'they' you can also refer to people in general, despite their gender.

They say, nothing is as important as family.

Singular or Plural Verb?

When 'they' is the subject of a sentence, whether it is the singular 'they' or plural 'they', you must use plural verbs. Never say or write 'they is'. Always use 'are' with this pronoun.

Every child needs to know they are loved.

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