My

In this lesson, we will learn all the rules and uses of the possessive determiner, 'My.'

The Determiner "My" in the English Grammar

My is a word mostly known as a possessive determiner. In this lesson, we will discuss its functions.

Functions of 'My'

  1. Possessive Determiner
  2. Interjection

1. 'My' as a Possessive Determiner

Use

My as a possessive determiner precedes a noun or a noun phrase and generally shows the speaker or the writer possesses or owns something. But it has more uses. Have a look:

  • My as a possessive determiner is used to show possession or ownership; for example:

My dog is very lazy.

My shows the speaker owns the dog.

My friend and I haven't seen each other for a long time.

  • My as a possessive determiner is used to show sympathy and affection; for example:

My Roxy is very smart.

My darling, come here.

  • My as a possessive determiner is used to show surprise or excitement. For example:

Oh my god, I am late!

Oh my goodness, you are here!

Position in a Sentence

My as a possessive determiner always comes before a noun or a noun phrase. For example:

My dog is very lazy.

Oh my god, I am late.

My winning the game felt awesome.

'Winning the game' is a gerund and a noun phrase. 'My winning the game' is the subject of the sentence.

Tip

Articles like 'a', 'an' and, 'the' or other determiners cannot be used before my. Take a look at the following example:

This is my book. ✔ This is a my book.

2. 'My' as an Interjection

Use

My as an interjection is used alone to show surprise or pleasure. Have a look:

Oh my, I'm late for work!

Oh my, you scared me!

Tip

My-my is also another interjection to show emotions but it is dated. For example:

Oh my-my, I am late for work!

Position in a Sentence

My as an interjection is used alone and it must be followed by an exclamation mark.

Oh my, I'm late for work!

Oh my, you scared me!

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