Past Perfect vs. Past Participle
There are similarities and differences between past perfect and past participle, which might cause confusion. To learn more, click here!
What is Their Main Difference?
Uses and Comparison
1. Past Perfect
- Past perfect tense is used to talk about the order of two past events that follow each other. Take a look at the following examples:
When I arrived, she
I cooked dinner before I
- We also use past perfect tense to talk about an action that started in the past and was in progress up until the starting point of another action. Have a look:
When I left my parent's house, I
- When we are reporting what someone else has said we can use past perfect. We often use verbs such as said, told, wondered, asked. This is an indirect reported speech that is used with 'that-clauses.' Pay attention to these examples:
She told me that she
He said that he
- We tend to use past perfect when we are referring to imaginary and hypothetical situations. This also applies to wishes, hopes, and dreams. Have a look:
I could have passed the test if I
2. Past Participle
- Past participle is a verb form that refers to past events or already finished actions. Take a look:
- Past participle plays a crucial role in the creation of tenses. If you pay attention to the following table, you will notice that it is used with 'perfect' forms of tenses. For example:
The past participle has been used to create the present perfect .
The past participle has been used to create the past perfect.
The past participle has been used to create the future perfect
- Past participle is also used to create the third conditional, modals in the past, and the passive form. For example:
The past participle is used to create the third conditional.
The past participle has been used to form modals.
The past participle has been used to create a passive voice in the sentence.
1. Past Perfect Tense
Past perfect tense is formed by adding the past tense of the verb 'have' which is 'had' followed by the past participle of the main verb. Have a look:
2. Past Participle
The structure of past participle is different with regular and irregular verbs:
2.1. Regular Verbs
Past participle is the third principal part of a verb. To create it, we simply add '-ed,' '-d,' or '-t' to the base of our regular verb. Here are some examples for clarity:
To watch →
To cry →
2.2. Irregular Verbs
The tricky part in creating past participle is when we are faced with irregular verbs which do not take a certain pattern. The only way to use them is to learn them by heart. For example:
To be →
To run →