The future perfect tense is an advanced tense; it will allow you to speak about the future in a really interesting way that may not exist in your own language.
What Is Future Perfect Tense?
The future perfect tense talks about the past in the future. It is for talking about an action that will be completed between now and some point in the future.
Future Perfect: Structure
The future perfect is composed of the auxiliary verb 'will,' plus the auxiliary verb 'have' and the past participle of the main verb.
When we use the present perfect tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb 'will.' Check out these examples:
Future Perfect: Negation
For negative sentences you put 'not' between the auxiliary verb 'will and the auxiliary verb 'have.' Look at the examples:
She will have gone to college. → She will
They will have arrived. → They will
In negative sentences, we can contract the auxiliary verb 'will' and 'not.' See the examples:
Future Perfect: Questions
For yes/no question sentences, we invert the subject and 'will.' Look at these example sentences with the future perfect tense:
For wh- question sentences, do the exact thing you do for yes/no questions and add the proper wh- question word at the beginning of the sentence and omit the part that is the answer.For example:
They will have sent
If you want to learn more about spelling rules of adding -ed to the base form of verbs, see here.
Future Perfect: Uses
When someone uses the present perfect tense, they are talking about:
- Ongoing Actions That Will Continue up until Some Time in the Future
Ongoing Actions That Will Continue up until Some Time in the Future
We use the 'future perfect tense' to talk about an action that will finish before a certain time in the future, but we do not know exactly when. So, there is not a specific time for the particular action to finish. Check out the examples:
By midnight, I
It means the speaker will finish his report some time before midnight, but we do not know when exactly .
You can call me at my office at 10:00. I
It means the speaker will arrive at the office before 10, but we do not know when exactly.
We use the 'future perfect tense' to say 'how long' it takes for an action that starts before and continues up to another action or time in the future. Here are the examples:
When they get married, she
At 6:00, I
We use the 'future perfect tense' to talk about an action that will be finished before another event takes place. We mean you can consider an event as the deadline for future action to take place. For example:
Future perfect tense, as its name requires; talks about an action in the future that is formed in the perfect tense, so if you are familiar with the perfect structure of English grammar it is easy for you to make a sentence in the 'future perfect tense.'
Structure, Contraction, Affirmative, Negative, and Question Forms
|structure||subject + will + have + past participle|
When to Use Future Perfect Tense
- To talk about an action that will finish before a certain time in the future
- To talk about an action that starts before and continues in the future